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首页 牛津英语中考动词时态讲解与练习.doc

牛津英语中考动词时态讲解与练习.doc

牛津英语中考动词时态讲解与练习.doc

domitory 2011-02-16 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《牛津英语中考动词时态讲解与练习doc》,可适用于初中教育领域,主题内容包含动词动词时态动词的定义:动词是表示动作或状态的词。例如:work工作,study学习eat吃。动词的分类:)限定动词:限定动词在句中作谓语有人称和数符等。

动词动词时态动词的定义:动词是表示动作或状态的词。例如:work工作,study学习eat吃。动词的分类:)限定动词:限定动词在句中作谓语有人称和数的变化。)非限定动词:有动词不定式动名词和分词三种。在句中不能单独作谓语没有人称和数的变化。)实义动词:有完整的词义并能单独作谓语实义动词又可分为及物动词和不及物动词。例如:study学习,reach到达,see看见,rise升起。)连系动词:在句中作谓语动词后面跟表语。连系动词有be,seem,look,become,get,grow,feel。)情态动词:表示能力义务必要猜测等说话人的语气或情态。情态动词只能和动词原形一起构成谓语动词。情态动词有can,will,have,be,should,do,would,等)助动词:只能和主要动词一起构成各种时态语态和语气等动词形式。例如:do,shall,will,have,has动词的基本形式:英语动词有四种基本形式:动词原形过去式过去分词和现在分词。这四种动词形式和助动词一起构成动词的时态语态和语气。)动词的原形。就是词典中所给的形式。例如:be,have,buy,sit)动词过去式和过去分词的构成有规则的和不规则的两种形式。规则动词的过去式和过去分词由在原形动词的后面加词尾ed构成。例如:workworkedworked不规则动词的过去式和过去分词的形式是不规则的须要一一记忆。例如:gowentgone,dodiddone)动词的现在分词由动词原形加ing构成。构成方法如下:a)一般情况在动词原形后加ing。例如:gogoingstandstandingb)以不发音的e结尾的动词去掉e再加ing动词是闭音节的单音节词或是以重读闭音节结尾的多音节词而末尾只有一辅音字母时这个辅音字母须双写然后再加ing。例如:arrivearriving  getgettingc)少数几个以ie结尾的动词须将ie变成y再加ing例如:diedyinglielying。动词的时态英语动词的时态是一种动词的形式。不同的动词时态用以表示不同的时间和方式。共有十六种时态。一般时进行时完成时完成进行时一般现在时现在进行时现在完成时现在完成进行时一般过去时过去进行时过去完成时过去完成进行时一般将来时将来进行时将来完成时将来完成进行时一般过去将来时过去将来进行时过去将来完成时过去将来完成进行时十六种时态的谓语形式 一般时态进行时态完成时态完成进行时态现在dodoesamisaredoinghavehasdonehavehasbeendoing过去didwasweredoinghaddonehadbeendoing将来shallwilldoshallwillbedoingshallwillhavedoneshallwillhavebeendoing过去将来shouldwoulddoshouldwouldbedoingshouldwouldhavedoneshouldwouldhavebeendoing以下是几个常用的时态一般现在时:一般现在时表示经常发生的习惯性的动作或目前所处的状态。例如:Wegotoschooleveryday我们每天去学校。在一般现在时句中如果主语是第三人称时动词要进行变化变化规则如下:)一般情况下动词后面直接加s例如:works,gets,says,reads)以ch,sh,s,x或o结尾的动词在后面加es。例如:goes,teaches,washes)以辅音字母y结尾的动词把y变为i再加es例如:studies,tries,carries动词have遇有主语是第三人称单数时have改为has例如:Hehasaninterestingbook他有一本有趣的书。动词be遇有主语是第一人称单数时be改为am遇有主语是第二人称时be改为are,遇有主语是第三人称单数时be改为is例如:I'mastudentandheisastudent,too我是一个学生他也是一个学生。一般现在式的具体用法:)表示现在目前存在的状态性质或经常发生的动作或习惯。一般现在时常用下列副词或短语来作时间状语:often,usually,always,sometimes,seldom,everyday(week,year,night),twiceamonth例如:Ioftenvisitmyteachers我经常看望我的老师。)某些动词如come,go,move,stop,leave,arrive,be,finish,continue,start等在一般现在时句中可用来表示将来肯定会发生的动作。例如:Thetraincomesato'clock火车三点钟到。)在时间状语从句或条件状语从句中一般现在时代替一般将来时。例如:I'llhelpyouassoonasyouhaveproblem只要你有困难我就会帮助你。)一般现在时还可用在戏剧电影的剧本解说体育比赛的解说以及图片的说明等场合。例如:Tomcarriestheballtotheleft汤姆把球带到左方。一般过去式:表示过去的动作和状态。例如:Imethimyesterday昨天我碰见了他。一般过去式构成:表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式来表示而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动词的过去式变化如下:一般情况下动词词尾加ed例如:worked,played,wanted,acted以不发音的e结尾动词动词词尾加d。例如:lived,moved,decided,wiped以辅音字母y结尾的动词把y变为i再加ed。例如:studied,tried,copied,justified,cried,carried以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词双写词尾辅音字母再加ed。例如:stopped,dropped,planned不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强须多加记忆。再加gowent,makemade,getgot一般过去式的用法:表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内所发生的动作或情况通常一般过去式带有表示动作时间状语的词词组或从句,如yesterday,thedaybeforelast,lastweek,twodaysago等,上下文清楚时可以不带时间状语。Iworkedinthatfactorylastyear去年我在那一家工厂工作。一般将来式:表示将来的动作或状态。一般将来时的构成:shall(will)动词原形助动词shall用于主语是第一人称时will用于主语是第三人称时。Ishallattendthemeetingtomorrow我明天要参加会议。一般将来时的否定形式是在shall或will后面加not构成即:shallnot动词原形。willnot动词原形。shallnot和willnot可以分别缩写为shan't和won't例如:IshallnotgototheYingzeParknexttime下一次我不去迎泽公园了。Hewon'tcomebackthisweek这一周他不回来了。will用在第一人称时表示将来的意愿决心许诺命令等。Iwilldomybesttocatchupwiththem我要尽力赶上他们。其他表示将来的句型:)begoing动词不定式。也是一种将来时句型表示打算计划最近或将来要作的某事。IamgoingtoBeijingnextweek下周我要去北京。)be动词不定式。表示有职责义务可能约定意图等。Thereistobeameetingthisafternoon今天下午有个会。)beabout动词不定式表示马上很快作某事。Theyareabouttoleave他们就要离开。一般完成时:一般完成时表示动作发生在过去但与现在有关系说明这个动作在现在的结果例如:Ihavebeenherefortwohours我来这儿已有两个小时了。一般完成时的构成have(has)过去分词has用于主语是单数第三人称其它用have。Ihaveworkedfortenhourstoday今天我工作了十个小时。过去分词的构成方法如下:一般情况下直接在动词原形后面加ed。例如:worked,spelled,linked以不发音的e结尾的动词只加d。例如:moved,hoped,divided闭音节的单音节词或以重读闭音节结尾的多音节词这些词的末尾只有一个辅音字母时双写这个辅音字母再加ed。例如:stopped,regretted,dropped一般完成时的用法:)一般完成时表示在说话之前已经完成或刚完成的动作。例如:Hehasgoneaway他已经走了。)一般完成时表示动作从过去开始持续到现在或者还有可能持续下去的动作或状态。一般完成时常与for和since引导的短语或从句连用。例如:例如:Wehavelivedheresince从一九七六以来我们就住在这儿。一般进行时:表示现在正在进行的动作。例如:Weareworkingnow我们正在工作。一般进行时的构成:be现在分词。例如:It'sraininghard雨下的很大。现在分词的构成方法如下:)一般情况下直接在动词原形后面加ing例如:going,asking,finding,working)以不发音的e结尾的动词去e再加ing。例如:coming,taking,firing)闭音节的单音节词或以重读闭音节结尾的多音节词这些词的末尾只有一个辅音字母时双写这个辅音字母再加ing例如:sitting,running,getting一般进行时的用法:)一般进行时的用法表示说话者说话时正在发生或者进行的动作它注重现在正在进行的动作而不管动作从什么时间开始到什么时间结束。Whatareyoudoingnow你在干什么呢)一般进行时表示目前一段时间内正在进行的动作也许此时此刻这个动作并没有进行。Thestudentsarepreparingfortheexamination学生们正在作考试准备。)某些动词的现在进行时可以表示即将发生的动作这些动词有arrive,come,leave,start等。TheyaregoingtoHongKongtomorrow他们明天要去香港。过去完成时:表示过去某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或所处的状态过去完成时常和by,before等词组成的短语和从句连用。过去完成时的构成:had过去分词例如:Wehadalreadylearnedtwothousandswordsbytheendoflastyear到去年年底我们已经学了个单词。将来完成时:表示将来某一时刻或某一时刻之前完成的动作或所处的状态。将来完成时的构成:shall(will)have过去分词Afterwefinishthistext,we'llhavelearnedtwentytexts这课课文结束后我们就学了二十课课文了。过去进行时:表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行的动作过去进行时常和表示过去时的时间状语词组或从句连用。过去进行时的构成:were(was)动词现在分词例如:Hewasreadinglastnight昨天晚上他正在看书。将来进行时:表示将来某一段时间正在进行的动作或有可能发生或预计要发生的动作。将来进行时的构成:shall(will)be现在分词例如:Whatwillyoubedoingnextweek下一星期你在干什么?时态练习:()Hecameearlythismorning,didn'theYes,hedidHeoftentoschoolearlyAcomeBcomesCcameDhascome()AnnherhaireveryweekAisgoingtowashBwashCwashesDiswashing()TheyusuallyTVintheeveningAwatchBwillwatchCarewatchingDwatches()ThesunintheeastandinthewestAraisessetBrisesetsCrisessetsDrisesset()MissGaoEnglishontheradioeverymorningAhadstudiedBstudiesCstudyDstudied()OurteacherwillreturnbythetimeschoolAwillbeginBbeganCisbeginningDbegins()IusuallyhavemilkandbreadforbreakfastWhataboutyou,JimSodoI,butmysisterAhasn'tBdoesn'tCdidn'tDwon't()ThattenpoundnotebelongstomeAYes,itbelongsBNo,itdoesn'tCYes,itisDNo,itisn't()ShewillgoifittomorrowAisn'trainBdon'trainCdoesn'trainDdidn'train()theyoftentheseoldmenYes,theyADohelpareBArehelpingareCDohelpdoDArehelpedare()hetoworkonfootYes,heADogodoBDoesgodoesCIsgoingdoesDDoesgois()yousomespeakinginEnglisheverydayAIsspeakingBDodoCDodoesDDoesdo()HowitinEnglishAyousayBdoyousayCtospeakDabouttalk()youtoschooleverydayAWhengoBWhendogoCWhendidgoDDoesgo()thegirltoschoolAWheredoesgoBHowdogoCHowdoesgoesDHowdoesgo()youhowtogetthebusstopAHaveknowBDoknowCAreknowing'Dknow()IwhattheoldmansaidisrightAamthinkingBisthoughtCthinkDthought()TheselittleboysplayingfootballAarelikingBlikeClikesDwereliking()Wewon'tgototheGreatWallifittomorrowAsnowsBsnowedCsnowDwillsnow()Wewon'tcomebackuntilwetheworkAshallfinishBhavefinishedCwillfinishDfinish()CouldyouringmeupassoonasheAarrivedBwouldarriveCarrivesDwillarrive()IwillnothelpyouwithyourEnglishifItimetomorrowAdon'thaveBwillnothaveCamnotDwon't()Thenexttimeyouhisparents,tellthemIwanttoseethemassoonaspossibleAmeetBwillmeetCaregoingtomeetDmet()ThekeywillbeleftonthetablewhenIAleftBleaveCwillleaveDamleaving()Whenyouusedtotheweatherhere,youwillthisplaceAwillgetlikeBhavegotlikeCgetlikedDgetwilllike()Ourclassesat:tomorrowmorningAbeginBbeginsCisbeginningDwerebeginning()ThetrainatfivethisafternoonAleaveBleavingCleavesDareleaving()NextmonthmyfathertoChinafromAmericaAreturnsBarereturningCaregoingtoreturnDwouldreturn()Look,inourmathsteacherAiscomingBcameCcomeDcomes()HaveyouseenmypenAHereisitBHereitisCHeretheyareDHerearethey()UnderthetableAaballareBisaballCareaballDhasaball()HelivedtherebeforehetoChinaAcomeBcomesCcameDcoming()IveryhardwhenIwasyoungAstudyBstudiedChadstudiedDshallstudy()AgirlthewalletandAfoundturnsitinBwouldfindhasturnedinitCfoundturneditinDhasfoundturnedinit()ItheblackboardbutnothingonitAlookedatsawBhavelookedsawCsawlookedatDwaslookingatwasseeing()IhavenoideawhatwhileIwasasleepAhashappenedBwashappenedChappenedDhadhappened()Hesaidhewouldhelpmewithmymathsifhe'freeAwasBwillbeCwouldbeDis()WhentolearnEnglishAdoesshebeginBdidshebeginChasshebegunDshebegan()IhavefinishedmyhomeworkWhenyouitAhavefinishedBdofinishCdidfinishDwillfinish()MyyoungerbrotherthearmyAjoinedatBjoinedinChasjoinedinDhasjoinedsince()ThetrainfromTianjinanhouragoAarrivedBhasarrivedCwasarrivingDarrivedat()ImyhomeworkataboutnineatnightAfinishedBwouldfinishCwasfinishingDfinish()Sorry,butyouraddressagain,pleaseIcatchitIt'sZhongshanRoadAdidn'tBdon'tCwon'tDwouldn't()DidyouwaitforyourfatherverylongYes,ItobeduntiltwointhemorningAdidgoBdidn'tgoChadgoneDwent()Tomdidn'tgotoseethefilmwithyoulastnight,didheANo,hedidBNo,hedoesn'tCYes,hedidDYes,hedidn't()ExcusemeLookatthesign:NOSMOKING!Sorry,IitAdon'tseeBdidn'tseeChaven'tseenDwon'tsee()hereandaskhimaboutityesterdayADidyoucomeBWouldyounotgoCYoudidn'tcomeDAren'tyougo()heagoodtimelastSundayAWerewereBDiddoCDidhasDDidhave()ThestudentshardlystudiedtheEnglishlanguage,theyAdidBdidn'tCwereDweren't()thebusjustnowYes,butithasleftAHascomeBDidcomeCIscomeDDoescome()Hecamein,hiscoatandsatdownAtookdownBtookoffCtakingdownDtakingoff()Wecarriedsomewater,dugsomeholesandtoplantthesetreesAbeginBbeganCbeginningDbegins()Theoldladycleanedthetables,somedirtyclothesanddidsomecookingAwashingBwashedCwashesDwash()Whenhewasachild,heinthegardeninthemorningAalwaysplaysBalwaysplayedCplaysalwaysDplayedalways()HeisgoodatmathsandhehardAalwaysstudyBalwaysisstudyingCisalwaysstudyingDstudiesalways()TomtoschoolAneverislateBnevercomeCnevercomesDisnever()WhenhewasyoungheswimintheriverAusedBusedtoCusesDuse()Heatsix,butnowatfiveAusedtogetupBusedtogettingupC,usedgetupDwasusedtogetup()TheoldmanoutforawalkintheeveningAusedtogoingBgoCisusedtogoingDwillgo()MyfatherwillbeheretomorrowOh,IthoughtthathetodayAwillcomeBcomesCiscomingDwascoming()HehasbeeninthenextroomSorry,IthoughtthatheinShanghaiAwasBisCwillbeDhasbeen()Oh,youarehereIthoughtyouontheplaygroundAranBrunsCarerunningDrun()WhatishedoingnowHeapictureAdrawsBdrewCisdrawingDwasdrawing()Look!AnelephantthiswayAwascomingBiscomingCcameDcomes()Look!ThechildrenkitesoverthereAflewBflyCareflyingDwereflying()Bequiet!I'mtryingtohearwhatthemanAissayingBhassaidCwillsayDsays()Don'ttalkwitheachotherThebabyAwassleepingBissleeppingCwassleeppingDissleeping()Whenwecamein,theytheirlessonsAarenotdoingBweren'tdoingCnotweredoingD^havedone()Myfatherhisclothes,butheisrepairinghiscarAdoesn'twashBisn'twashingCiswashingDwasn'twashing()youyourhomeworknowADodoingBAredoingCWeredoingDDoesdo()yourmothershoppingatthemomentAAredoingBIsdoingCIstakingDAretaking()thechildrentheradioAIslisteningBIslisteningtoCArelisteningtoDArelistening()WhoatthedoorAdoknockBisknockingCknockDknocking()WhatshewhenIenteredAisdoingBdoesdoCwasdoingDdiddo()WhichcarhewhentheaccidenthappenedAisrepairingBwasrepairingCdidrepairDdoesrepair()CouldyoutellmewhenAheiscomingBhewascomingCwillhecomeDishecoming()IgoingtoLondonnextmonthAwillthinkofBamthinkingofCthinkofDamthoughtof()MyuncletoseemeHe'llbeheresoonAiscomingBcomesChascomeDcame()TheyuncleWangthiseveningAismeetingBmeetsCmeetDaregoingtomeet()WeforShanghaitonightAarestartingBhavestartedCstartedDstart()Listen!SomeoneatthedoorofthemeetingroomAknockedBknocksCisknockingDwasknocking()TheswimmingpoolisclosedtodaybecausetheworkersAhavemaderepairsBmakerepairsCaremakingrepairsDaremaderepairing()MybrotheralotHeisreadinganewmagazinenowAreadBreadsChasreadDisreading()WhosingsbestinyourclassMaryAisBwillCdoesDdo()IMystudentseachotherAarealwayshelpingBalwayshelpsCalwaysarehelpingDhelpalways()HowtiredIam,formylittlesonAisalwayscryingBcryCnevercriesDalwayscry()Don'tforgettobringyourpenandbooksYoutobringthesethingsAarealwaysforgottenBarealwaysforgettingCarealwaysforgetDforgetalways()MyfatherbreakfastathomeeverydayAhasn'tBisn'thavingCdoesn'thaveDhashad()IsupperwhentheboybrokeinAhasBhaveCwashavingDwillhave()WenoclassonSundaysAhadBhaveChasDarehaving()theBlacksTVatsevenyesterdayADidwatchBAre,watchingCWerewatchingDDowatch()ThescientistawalkinhisgardenatfourlastSundayAwastakingBwouldtakeCtookDwastaken()WhatfromninetotenlastnightAdidyoudoBhadyoudoneChaveyoudoneDwereyoudoing()WhileTomafootballmatch,hissisterwasreadinganinterestingstoryinherroomAwaswatchingBiswatchingChaswatchedDhadwatched()WhenMissZhaocameintotheclassroom,thestudentsAtalkedBweretalkingCtalkingDtalk()WhenMarycametoseeme,IthemusicAamlisteningtoBlistenedtoCwaslisteningtoDwaslistening()WhenIarrivedthere,youvolleyballAhasalreadyplayedBplayedCwereplayingDwouldplay()WhenIknockedatthedoor,mymotherAcookedBcookingCwascookingDcook()WeheardacrywhenweTVlastnightAwerewatchingBwouldwatchCwatchDwatched()MarywasdrawingahorseontheblackboardwhenIinAhavecomeBcameCamcomingDcome()ThelittleboywhenIcameintotheroomAisdrawingBdrawsChasdrawnDwasdrawing()IthefloorwhenmyfathercameinAwassweepingBsweptCsweepingDamsweeping()TheyameetingwhenIsawthemAhadBhavehadCwerehavingDarehaving()WhatwhenIphonedyouthismorningImyhomeworkandwasstartingtotakeabathAwereyoudoinghadjustfinishedBwouldyoudohavejustfinishedCareyoudoingjustfinishedDdidyoudojustfinished()LookatthecloudsAIt'sgoingtorainBIt'llberainingCItwillberainedDItrains()MyfamilytostayinLondonforsometimeAisgoingBaregoingCgoDarego()TheretwoEnglishfilmsnextweekAisgoingtobeBaregoingtohaveCwillhaveDaregoingtobe()ThereisgoingtoavolleyballmatchonourschoolplaygroundThematchisgoingtoatsixthiseveningAhavebeBbehaveCbebeDhavehave()AreyoubusythisafternoonNoItowatchafootballmatchAamgoingBwillCshallDcan()WhohelphimtomovetheboxawayAareBaregoing,CaregoingtoDis()WherebuyacomputerforyoursonAyouareBaregoingCyougoDareyougoingto()ItisgettingdarkIAmustbeleavingBmustbeleftCwillleavingDwasleaving()Tellmewho,toourpartytomorrowAiscomingBwascomingCcomeDhavecome()WhomyoutoforhelpnowAareturningBareturnCwouldturnDdoturning()NextyearmylittlesistertenyearsoldAistobeBisgoingtobeCshallbeDwillbe()TheyhavejustdecidedthattheythejobAhavetakenBwilltakeCwouldtakeDaretaking()ShesaysthatshetoBeijingnextweekAhasgoneBwillgoCgoesDgo()Ifheateight,we,tooAleavedoBleaveswillCwillleavewillDisleavingare()IsthisthelastexamforthistermYes,butthereanothertestthreemonthsfromnowAisBwasCwillbeDhasbeen()YoulateforschoolagainifyouearlyAshallbewon'tgetupBarewon'tgetupCwillbedon'tgetupDhavebeennotget()WillyoupleasethisrubbertoXiaoLingAtogiveBgivingCgaveDgive()IthewindowYes,pleaseAWillcleanBAmcleaningCDocleanDShallclean()youliketohavedinnerwithustonightAWouldBDoCAreDWill()I'msorry,IforgottopastthecardforyouNevermind,IpostittomorrowAamgoingBamgoingtoCwillgoDgo()youateacherwhenyougrowupAWillbeBAregoingtobeCAreDWillgoingtobe,()IthoughtClassOneinthematchAwillwinBwouldwinCisgoingtowinDwasgoingtowin()Shedidn'ttellmewhethershebackearlyorlateAcomesBwillcomeCiscomingDwouldcome()Thestudentsweretoldthattheyattheschoolgateat:thefollowingafternoonAmetBwillmeetCweretomeetDweremet()Lastyeartheoldmanundertheroof,enjoyingthesunlightAsitsBissittingCsitDwouldsit()WeeachotherwhenwestudiedtogetherAhelpingBarehelpingCwouldhelpDdohelp()Thoughwepushedthecarhard,thecarawayAwouldn'tmoveBmovedCwouldmoveDdoesn'tmove()youthenovelthatIlentyoulastweekADidfinishBHavefinishedCArefinishedDDofinish()HeinourschoolforyearsandhehereinAhastaughtcameBhastaughthascomeCtaughtcameDhasteachedhascame()TheyarelateThefilmforfiveminutesAhasbegunBhasstartedChasbeenonDbegan()AnewschoolinmyhometownrecentlyAissetupBha

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