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首页 身体性引述:宗教与茱迪斯·巴特勒.pdf

身体性引述:宗教与茱迪斯·巴特勒.pdf

身体性引述:宗教与茱迪斯·巴特勒.pdf

张靠谱Q 2011-02-14 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《身体性引述:宗教与茱迪斯·巴特勒pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含BODILYCITATIONSGENDER,THEORY,ANDRELIGIONGENDER,THEORY,ANDRELIGIONAmyHollyw符等。

BODILYCITATIONSGENDER,THEORY,ANDRELIGIONGENDER,THEORY,ANDRELIGIONAmyHollywood,EditorTheGender,Theory,andReligionseriesprovidesaforumforinterdisciplinaryscholarshipattheintersectionofthestudyofgender,sexuality,andreligionMartyrdomandMemory:EarlyChristianCultureMakingelizabethacastelliWhenHeroesLove:TheAmbiguityofErosintheStoriesofGilgameshandDavidsusanackermanAbandonedtoLust:SexualSlanderandAncientChristianityjenniferwrightknustWomen,Men,andSpiritualPower:FemaleSaintsandTheirMaleCollaboratorsjohncoakleyBODILYCITATIONSRELIGIONANDJUDITHBUTLEREditedbyEllenTArmourandSusanMStVilleCOLUMBIAUNIVERSITYPRESSNEWYORKCOLUMBIAUNIVERSITYPRESSPublishersSinceNewYork,Chichester,WestSussexCopyrightColumbiaUniversityPressAllrightsreservedLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataBodilyCitations:religionandJudithButlereditedbyEllenTArmourandSusanMStVillepcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexisbn(cloth:alkpaper)isbnx(pbk:alkpaper)isbnReligionsButler,JudithFeministtheorySexroleReligiousaspectsGenderidentityIArmour,EllenT,–IIStVille,SusanM,–blbdcCaseboundeditionsofColumbiaUniversityPressbooksareprintedonpermanentanddurableacidfreepaperPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericacpPrefaceandAcknowledgmentsviiIntroductionxiiiJudithButlerinTheoryellentarmourandsusanmstvilleTEXTUALBODIESMaterializationsofVirtue:BuddhistDiscoursesonBodiessusannemrozikTheGardenofEdenandtheHeterosexualContractkenstoneTheAnnoyingWoman:BiblicalScholarshipAfterJudithButlerteresajhornsbyEMBODYINGIDENTITIESDisturbinglyCatholic:ThinkingtheInordinateBodykarentrimblealliaumeCONTENTSUnconformingBecomings:TheSignificanceofWhitehead’sNoveltyandButler’sSubversionfortheRepetitionsofLesbianIdentityandtheExpansionoftheFuturechristinakhutchinsTurningOnToEthicsclaudiaschippertAgency,Performativity,andtheFeministSubjectsabamahmoodTHEORIZINGBODIES“JudithButler”inMyHandsrebeccaschneiderPerformativity,Citationality,RitualizationamyhollywoodAfterwordjudithbutlerSelectedBibliographyListofContributorsIndexVICONTENTSPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSTHOUGHNOWCONSIDERABLYexpanded,thisvolumeoriginatedfromasetofsessionssponsoredbytheFeministTheoryandReligiousReflectionGroupatthenationalmeetingoftheAmericanAcademyofReligioninSanFranciscoThegrouptookadvantageofthemeeting’slocationtoinvitefeministandqueertheoristJudithButler,professorofrhetoricandcomparativeliteratureattheUniversityofCaliforniainBerkeley,torespondtoasetofpapersbyscholarsofreligioninvariousfieldsusingherworkProfessorButlergraciouslyagreed,andtwodynamicsessionswithacombinedaudienceofseveralhundredtookplaceTheresponsetothosesessionsandtheimportantplacethatProfessorButler’sworkcontinuestooccupyinwomen’sstudies,queertheory,anddisciplinesthatengagethosefields(includingreligion)inspiredustoproducethisanthologyWhileweexpectthisbookwillfindanaudienceamongscholarsinreligionwhoarealreadyinterestedinButler,wealsohopetoattractscholarsofreligionwhoarenotfamiliarwithormayevenbeskepticalaboutherworkInaddition,wehopethatthebookwillappealtoscholarsoffeministandqueertheorywhomaybeunawareoforevenskepticalaboutreligiousstudiesAwordortwo,then,toenticebothkindsofreadersintothevolumeTHETROUBLEWITHGENDER(ANDBEYOND)Thoughnotherfirstbook,thepublicationofGenderTrouble:FeminismandtheSubversionofIdentityinbroughtJudithButlertoprominenceGenderTroublebrokenewgroundinfeministtheoryandbecameafoundingtextintheemergingfieldofqueertheorywithitsassertionthatgenderproducessexMasculinityandfemininity,Butlerargued,arebodilyperformancesbasedonthedemandsofourheterosexualandphallocentriceconomy,notexpressionsofthebody’sinnernatureInmonographsthatfollowed,BodiesThatMatter(),ExcitableSpeech(),andThePsychicLifeofPower(),ButlerrefinedandexpandeduponGenderTroublebydevelopingmoredetailedaccountsofthemechanismsthroughwhichidentitiesareproducedandresistedwhileattendingtothepoliticalcontextsinwhichtheyfunctionInrecentyearsButlerhasturnedherattentiontokinshipstructures(Antigone’sClaim:KinshipBetweenLifeandDeath,)andinternationalpolitics(Contingency,Hegemony,Universality,,cowrittenwithSlavojŽižekandErnestoLaclau),includingAmerica’sresponsestoSeptember(inPrecariousLife:ThePowersofMourningandViolence,)Herlatestbook,UndoingGender(),returnsonceagaintothefraughtterrainofsexualityandgendernearlytwentyfiveyearsafterGenderTroubleHerinvestigationsintoallthesearenascontinuetoexploreandexposetheinterplayofpsychic,linguistic,andpoliticalforcesTheessaysinBodilyCitationsfocusonJudithButler’sperformativetheoryofgender,theaspectofherworkthatcontinuestoexercisethegreatestinfluenceonacademiaWehaveprovidedin“JudithButlerinTheory”anaccountofthecontoursofthistheoryanditssignificanceforthestudyofreligionwhatfollowsherepositionsthisvolumeinrelationtocriticalquestionsraisedaboutButler’stheoryEventhosewhohaveneverreadawordofGenderTroublemaybeawareofthebrieffirestormsofcontroversythathaveeruptedaroundButlerinthepublicpressinrecentyearsAreviewofButler’smajorworkswrittenbyMarthaNussbaumfortheNewRepublic(February,)isacaseinpointAlthoughinourjudgmentNussbaum’sreviewhasbeenrightlycritiquedasunnecessarilyviciousandirresponsible,itseemstousimportanttoaddressDoingsoprovidesausefulentréeintocriticalquestionsaboutButler’sworkthatareraisedand,insomecases,addressedinBodilyCitationsNussbaumaccusesButler(ashaveothersbefore)ofsubstitutingthedoingofsupposedlysubversivethingswithwordsforgenuinefeministpoliticalengagementElevatinglanguagetocenterstagedistortsrealityandtroublesstructuresfoundationaltopoliticalactivism,shearguesStableidentities(includingthatofbeingawoman)andtheabilitytoactfreelybothnotionschallengedbyButler’sworkseemtobebasicrequirementsforanykindofpolitics,feministorotherwiseEngagingwithVIIIPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSButler,Nussbaumclaims,resultsinevitablyinaparalyzingquietismthatevisceratesfeministpoliticsThequestionsNussbaumraisesechowhatseemtobelingeringifuninformedsuspicionsaboutnotonlyButler’sworkbutcertainkindsoftheoryonwhichitdependsWhatdoestheoryofthetypeButlerengages(psychoanalytic,deconstructive,poststructuralist)offerthosewhostrugglewithhardscrabblepoliticalrealitiesButler,likethetheoristsonwhomshedraws,hasbeenaccusedofresortingtojargonladenprosethatsomederideascamouflageforweakideasAretheinsightstobegainedfromsubmergingoneselfinwhatispurportedtobe,atleast,inscrutableproseandconvolutedideas(orconvolutedproseaboutinscrutableideas)worththeintellectuallaborTheintroductiontoButler’sworkthatfollowswill,wetrust,effectivelyputtorestsuspicionsbasedonmisunderstandingormisreadingofthistheoristManyoftheessayswillshednewlightonthosequestionsthatneedseriousconsiderationIndeed,examiningtheusestowhichreligionistsputButler’sworkstrikesusasanexcellentlocationforrespondingtothesequestionsandsuspicionsThoughitselffrequentlysubjecttooversimplificationinthepopularmediaandthesecularimagination(thereligiousimagination,too,forthatmatter),religionisanaspectofculturethathasitsmomentsofhightheoryanditshardscrabblerealitiesThoseofuswhohavetakenitupasanacademicpursuitareperhapsespeciallyattunedtothecomplexitiesofreligiousideasandtheirmaterializationsinreligioustextsandpracticesofvarioussortsengagedinbyperfectlyordinarypeopletoordinaryandextraordinaryeffectEventhosewhogoabouttheirlivespayinglittleornoattentiontoreligiousmatterscannotavoidtheireffectsForgoodandforill,religioustracespersistevenwithintheWest’sputativelysecularcultureovertlyasasourceofconflict(asinthesocalledculturewars)butalsocovertly(astheunacknowledgedrootofcertainculturaltraditions)Religion,likegenderandsexuality(andoftenwiththem),isasitewherelanguage,materiality,theory,andpoliticsallcometogetherincomplexwaysPUTTINGBUTLERTOWORKInadditiontodeepeningandbroadeningourunderstandingoftheimportofButler’swork,BodilyCitationsoffersadistinctiveapproachtothestudyofreligionbyapplyingacommontheoreticallenstoasetofissuesthatemergefromdiversereligioussitesTheintroductiontothisvolumedescribestheessaysinmoredetailWetakeamomentheretoprovidereaderswhoareunfamiliarwiththeacademicstudyofreligionwithamapthatsituateseachessayinrelationshiptothatfieldPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSIXThisvolumedeploysaratherbroadunderstandingofthestudyofreligionWhilemostoftheauthorsoftheseessaysholdPhDsinreligiousstudies,twoaretrainedinotherfieldsDanceandperformancestudiesscholarRebeccaSchneiderturnstoreligiousritualandtheembodiedpracticeoffemaleperformanceartiststorefinechallengestoButler’sviewsonthebody,knowledge,andagencyAnthropologistSabaMahmooddrawsonherresearchonanurbanwomen’smosquemovementinCairotoargueforgreaternuanceintheorizingagencyReligiousstudiesscholarAmyHollywoodcontinuesinthisveinbyarguingthatadeeperconsiderationofreligiousritualandritualtheorycouldstrengthenButler’saccountofperformativityTheremainingessaysinthisvolumearedrawnfromsubfieldsgenerallyrepresentativeofreligiousstudies(biblicalstudies,theology,ethics,andthehistoryofreligions)TheologiansandethicistsworkingoutofChristiantraditionsuseButler’sworktocraftcreativeresponsestocontemporarychallengesClaudiaSchippertbeginstoarticulateaqueerreligiousethicsmodeledonwomanistethics,amodelthatallowshertobuildonButler’sworkonnormativityKarenTrimbleAlliaumeappropriatesButler’stheoryofperformativitytorenewandreframedebatesovertheRomanCatholicChurch’sinsistencethattheordainedmustbe,likeJesus,physicallymaleChristinaHutchinsusesButler’sworktoanalyzetherathercomplexsubjectpositionof“thelesbianminister”ScholarsinbiblicalstudiesandthehistoryofreligionsuseButler’sworktoreadsometimestroublingsacredtextsBiblicalscholarsTeresaHornsbyandKenStonedrawonButlertocraftapproachestotheBiblethatareabletocontestitsuseagainstthosedeemed“other”becauseofgenderorsexualityHornsbyinquiresafterthestrategiesthatsustainandundercutfeministapproachestobiblicalstudiesandproposesherownreadingofthenamelessprostituteinLuke’sgospelStoneoffersaqueerreadingofthecreationstoriesinGenesis,traditionallycitedinsupportofheterosexuality’snormativestatus,exposingtextualambiguitiesthatundercutthatusageandopenupotherpossibilitiesButler’sworkallowsSusanneMrozik,ascholarofBuddhism,touncoverresistancestonormativeassociationsbetweenmasculineembodimentandvirtueintheIndianBuddhiststoryofRupavatıThatscholarsinreligiousstudiesareopentoengagingButler’sworkreflectsacharacteristicofthestudyofreligioningeneralAptlydescribedasinterdisciplinary,scholarsofreligioninallofitssubfieldsfrequentlyapplymethodsandtheoriesdrawnfromvariousdisciplinesinthehumanitiesandorsocialsciencesHowever,wehaveaskedthecontributorstothisvolumetodomorethansimplyapplyButler’stheoriestotheirownscholarlyprojectsTatsiongBennyLiew,inhisresponsetoQueerCommentaryandtheHebrewBible,callsforbiblicalscholarsnotjusttousequeertheorybutalsoto“interrogate,oreventransformqueertheoryAfterall,whatwouldenticeaJudithButleroraMichaelWarnertoreadourworkifwearejustdemonXPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSstratingoverandoveragainthe‘correctness’oftheirformulations”(–)WecouldnotagreemoreandwouldextendhisadmonitiontoincludeallscholarsofreligionwhouseanytheoryparticularlythosetheoriesthathavedevelopedinordertoattendtomarginalizedothersEachoftheseessayswasselectedbecauseitsauthor“speaksback”toButlerThatis,inadditiontodeployingButlertogoodeffectinanalyzingvariousaspectsofreligion,thesescholarsalsoraisequestionsabout,posechallengesto,extendandordeepenButler’sownworkfromtheperspectiveofthestudyofreligionWearegratefulthatProfessorButlerhas,infact,notonlybeenenticedtoreadtheessayscontainedhereinbuthaswrittenaresponsetothevolumeasawholeAppropriately,forthemomentatleast,thelastwordbelongstoherSomematerialinKarenTrimbleAlliaume’sessayappearedinearlierformin“TheRisksofRepeatingOurselves:ReadingFeministWomanistFiguresofJesus”CrossCurrents(Summer),no(http:wwwcrosscurrentsorgalliaumehtm)“Performativity,Citationality,Ritualization,”byAmyHollywood,isreprintedbypermissionfromHistoryofReligions,no():–,originallypublishedbyUniversityofChicagoPress“UnconformingBecomings:TheSignificanceofWhitehead’sNoveltyandButler’sSubversionfortheRepetitionsofLesbianIdentityandtheExpansionoftheFuture,”byChristinaHutchins,isreprintedbypermissionofProcessandDifference:BetweenCosmologicalandPoststructuralistPostmodernisms,edCatherineKellerandAnneDaniell(NewYork:StateUniversityofNewYorkPress,)CopyrightStateUniversityofNewYorkAllrightsreservedSabaMahmood’sessayisbasedonmaterialthatfirstappearedinPoliticsofPiety:TheIslamicRevivalandtheFeministSubject(PrincetonUniversityPress,)WethankPrincetonUniversityPressforpermissiontousethismaterialAportionofRebeccaSchneider’sessayappearedin“TakingtheBlindinHand,”ContemporaryTheatreReview,no():,andisusedherebypermissionfromRoutledgePressThejournal’sWebsitemaybeaccessedathttp:wwwtandfcoukKenStone,“TheGardenofEdenandtheHeterosexualContract,”isfromTakeBacktheWord:AQueerReadingoftheBible,edRobertEGossandMonaWest(Cleveland:Pilgrim,),–CopyrightbythePilgrimPressRevisedbypermissionFundsprovidedbytheRAWebbProfessorshipatRhodesCollegehelpedmakethisprojectpossibleTheeditorsaregratefultoRhodesCollegeforitssupportPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSXINOTESForasampleofthemonographsandanthologiesbyscholarsofreligionthatuseButler’swork,seethebibliographyattheendofthisvolumeNotethattheycomefrommostsubfieldsofreligiousstudiesincludingtheology,ethics,historyofreligions,andbiblicalstudiesJudithButler,GenderTrouble:FeminismandtheSubversionofIdentity(GT)ForcompletereferencestobooksauthoredbyButler(eitheraloneorwithothers),seethebibliographyattheendofthisvolumeAllcitationsofthesetextsintheessaysthatcomprisethisvolumewillbereferencedinabbreviatedformusingtheabbreviationsgiveninthebibliographyJudithButler,BodiesThatMatter:OntheDiscursiveLimitsof“Sex”(BTM)ExcitableSpeech:APoliticsofthePerformative(ES)ThePsychicLifeofPower:TheoriesinSubjection(PLP)JudithButler,Antigone’sClaim:KinshipBetweenLifeandDeath(AC)JudithButler,ErnestoLaclau,andSlavojŽižek,Contingency,Hegemony,Universality:ContemporaryDialoguesontheLeft(CHU)PrecariousLife:ThePowersofMourningandViolence(PL)JudithButler,UndoingGender(UG)MarthaNussbaum,“TheProfessorofParody,”NewRepublic,no(February,):–WarrenHedges,GayatriChakravortySpivak,SeylaBenhabibetal,“MarthaNussbaumandHerCritics:AnExchange,”NewRepublic,no(April,):–XIIPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGMENTSINTRODUCTIONOURPREFATORYACCOUNTofButler’sworkhasbeguntoindicate,wetrust,itsrichandvariedpotentialasaresourceforscholarsofreligionIndeed,theessaysgatheredherereflectintheircomplexitythemanydirectionsthisintersectioncantakeMultiplethemesrunthroughandoverlapinthesepiecesForheuristicpurposeswehavegroupedtheseessaysintothreesectionsrepresentingthemaintopicsoftextualinterpretation,agencyandreligioussubjectivity,andprospectivetheoreticaldirectionsTheessays,however,refracteachotherinvariedwaysandso,inButlerianfashion,couldbegroupedandregroupedtoprovokestillfurtheravenuesofinquiryTEXTUALBODIESWebeginwiththreearticlesthatdrawonButlertointerpretreligioustexts,ineachcasefindingunexpectedmeaningsinworksthathavebeeninfluentialinbothEasternandWesternreligioustraditionsSusanneMrozik,ascholarofBuddhism,reviewstheSanskrittaleofRupavatı,anarrativethatinitsunfoldingoffersteachingonwhatisrequiredtoattainavirtuousstateXIVINTRODUCTIONMrozikfindsusefulanalyticalresourcesinButler’stheoriesofthematerializationofbodiesviathecitationalprocessaswellasintheproductionoftheabjectAppropriatingtheseinsightsforherownpurposes,shecriticallyreassessestheformationof“virtuousbodies”astheseareexemplifiedbytheBuddhaandhisprecursortheBoddhisatvaMrozik’screativereappropriationworkstouncoverunexpecteddepthsinButler’sviewsassheextendsthemtofitBuddhistcontexts,allowinghertoproduceinterpretationsthatchallengenormativeassumptionsinBuddhismthatroutinelyequatetheidealofvirtueexclusivelywiththemalebodyAsMrozikremindsus,theattainmentofBuddhahoodevolvesthroughaprocessofbirthandrebirthThestoryofRupavatıoutlinesthreesuccessivelifetimesofthefounderofBuddhismThetaleisparticularlyusefulforMrozikbecauseitoffersmultipleaccountsofsexedbodiesandtheiralterationsTopointtoonlyafew,theBuddhafirstappearsinthisstoryintheformofawoman,Rupavatı(BeautifulWoman)InthecourseofthenarrativeRupavatı,inanactofgenerosity,mutilatesherbodybycuttingoffherbreaststofeedastarvingmotherHerbreastsareeventuallyrestoredonlytobelostagainwhensheisrebornasaBeautifulMan(Rupavata),andassuccessivemaleBoddhisatvas,intheendattainingBuddhahoodWhiletraditionalreadingshaveinterp

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