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首页 大学英语四级冲刺辅导讲义

大学英语四级冲刺辅导讲义.doc

大学英语四级冲刺辅导讲义

星河皓月5482
2011-02-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语四级冲刺辅导讲义doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

年春季四级冲刺辅导讲义、​ 试题结构四级考试试卷结构考试项目答题时限题目数量分值比例第一部分写作分钟道占总分值第二部分快速阅读分钟道(选择道填空道)占总分值第三部分听力理解分钟道占总分值A节B节C节第题短对话第题长对话第题段落题第题听写题×××××第四部分仔细阅读分钟道占总分值A节B节第题选择填空第题传统阅读××第五部分完形填空分钟完形道占总分值第六部分翻译分钟道占总分值、​ 试题全貌年月大学英语四级考试真题PartⅠWriting(minutes)注意:此部分试题在答题卡上。Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteashortessayonthetopicofCreatingaGreenCampusYoushouldwriteatleastwordsfollowingtheoutlinegivenbelow:建设绿色校园很重要绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……为了建设绿色校园我们应该……CreatingaGreenCampusPartⅡReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)(minutes)Directions:Inthispart,youwillhaveminutestogooverthepassagequicklyandanswerthequestionsonAnswerSheetForquestions,choosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)Forquestion,completethesentenceswiththeinformationgiveninthepassageCollegestakinganotherlookatvalueofmeritbasedaidGoodgradesandhightestsscoresstillmatteralottomanycollegesastheyawardfinancialaidButwithlowincomestudentsprojectedtomakeupaneverlargershareofthecollegeboundpopulationincomingyears,someschoolsarereexaminingwhetherthataid,typicallyknownas“meritaid”,isthemosteffectiveuseofpreciousinstitutionaldollarsGeorgeWashingtonUniversityinWashington,DC,forexample,saidlastweekthatitwouldcutthevalueofitsaveragemeritscholarshipsbyaboutonethirdandreducethenumberofrecipients(接受者),pouringthesavings,about$million,intoneedbasedaidAlleghenyCollegeinMeadville,Pa,madeasimilardecisionthreeyearsagoNow,HamiltonCollegeinClinton,NY,saysitwillphaseoutmeritscholarshipsaltogetherNocurrentmeritaidrecipientswilllosetheirscholarships,butneedbasedaidalonewillbeawardedbeginningwithstudentsenteringinfallNotallcollegesoffermeritaidgenerally,themoreselectiveaschool,thelesslikelyitistodosoHarvardandPrinceton,forexample,offergenerousneedbasedpackages,butmanyfamilieswhodon’tmeetneedeligibility(资格)havebeenwillingtopaywhatevertheymustforabignameschoolForsmallregionalcollegesthatstrugglejusttofillseats,meritaidcanbeanimportantrevenuebuilderbecausemanyrecipientsstillpayenoughtuitiondollarsoverandabovethescholarshipamounttokeeptheinstitutionrunningButforrankingsconsciousschoolsinbetween,meritaidhasservedprimarilyasatooltorecruittopstudentsandtoimprovetheiracademicprofits“They’retryingtobuystudents,”saysSkidmoreCollegeeconomistSandyBaumStudiesshowmeritaidalsotendstobenefitdisproportionatelystudentswhocouldaffordtoenrollwithoutit“Aswelooktothefuture,weseeamorepressingneedtoinvestinneedbasedaid,”saysMonicaInzer,deanofadmissionandfinancialaidatHamilton,whichhasofferedmeritscholarshipsforyearsDuringthattime,itroseinUSNewsWorldReport’srankingofthebestliberalartscolleges,fromtoMeritaid,whichbenefitedaboutstudentsayear,oraboutofitsstudentbody,atacostofabout$millionayear,“serveduswell,”Inzersays,but“tobediscountingthepriceforfamiliesthatdon’tneedfinancialaiddoesn’tfeelrightanymore”Needbasedaidremainsbyfarthelargestshareofallstudentaid,whichincludesstate,federalandinstitutionalgrantsButmeritaid,offeredprimarilybyschoolsandstates,isgrowingfaster,bothoverallandattheinstitutionallevelBetweenand,institutionalmeritaidaloneincreased,comparedwithforneedbasedgrantsAtleaststatesalsooffermeritaid,typicallyinabidtoenrolltopstudentsinthestate’spublicinstitutionsButinrecentyears,agrowingchorus(异口同声)ofcriticshasbegunpressuringschoolstodropthepracticeRecentdecisionsbyHamiltonandothersmaybe“asignthatpeoplearestartingtorealizethatthere’sthisdestructivecompetitiongoingon,”saysBaum,coauthorofarecentCollegeReportthatraisesconcernsabouttheroleofinstitutionalaidnotbasedonneedDavidLaird,presidentoftheMinnesotaPrivateCollegeCouncil,saysmanyofhisschoolswouldliketoreducetheirmeritaidbutfearthatindoingso,theywouldlosetopstudentstotheircompetitors“Noonecantakeonesidedaction,”saysLaird,whoisexploringwhethertoseekanexemption(豁免)fromfederalantitrustlawssomembercollegescandiscusshowtheycouldjointlyreducemeritaid,“Thisisamerrygoroundthat’sgoingveryfast,andnoneoftheinstitutionsbelievetheycansustaintherisksoftryingtobreakawaybythemselves”Acomplicatingfactoristhatmeritaidhasbecomesopopularwithmiddleincomefamilies,whodon’tqualifyforneedbasedaid,thatmanyhavecometodependonitAnd,astuitionscontinuetoincrease,thelinebetweenmeritandneedblursThat’sonereasonAlleghenyCollegedoesn’tplantodropmeritaidentirely“Westillbelieveinrewardingsuperiorachievementsandknowthatthesetopstudentstrulyvaluethescholarship,”saysScottFriedhoff,Allegheny’svicepresidentforenrollmentEmoryUniversityinAtlanta,whichboastsa$billionendowment(捐赠),meanwhile,istakinganotherapproachThisyear,itannounceditwouldeliminateloansforneedystudentsandcapthemformiddleincomefamiliesAtthesametime,itwouldexpanditsyearoldmeritprogram“Yeah,we’replayingthemeritgame,”acknowledgesTomLancaster,associatedeanforundergraduateeducationButithasitsstrongpoint,too,hesays“Thefactofthematteris,it’snotjustaboutthelowestincomepeopleIt’stheaverageAmericanmiddleclassfamilywho’sbeingpricedoutofthemarket”*Afewwordsaboutmeritbasedaid:Meritbasedaidisaidofferedtostudentswhoachieveexcellenceinagivenarea,andisgenerallyknownasacademic,athleticandartisticmeritscholarshipsAcademicmeritscholarshipsarebasedonstudents’grades,GPAandoverallacademicperformanceduringhighschoolTheyaretypicallymeantforstudentsgoingstraighttocollegerightafterhighschoolHowever,therearescholarshipsforcurrentcollegestudentswithexceptionalgradesaswellThesemeritscholarshipsusuallyhelpstudentspaytuitionbills,andtheycanberenewedeachyearaslongastherecipientscontinuetoqualifyInsomecases,studentsmayneedtoberecommendedbytheirschoolorateacheraspartofthequalificationprocessAthleticmeritscholarshipsaremeantforstudentsthatexcel(突出)insportsofanykind,fromfootballtotrackandfieldeventsRecommendationforthesescholarshipsisrequired,sinceexceptionalathleticperformancehastoberecognizedbyacoachorareferee(裁判)ApplicantsneedtosendinatapecontainingtheirbestperformanceArtisticmeritscholarshipsrequirethatapplicantsexcelinagivenartisticareaThisgenerallyincludesanycreativefieldsuchasart,design,fashion,music,danceorwritingApplyingforartisticmeritscholarshipsusuallyrequiresthatstudentssubmitaportfolio(选辑)ofsomesort,whetherthatincludesacollectionofartwork,arecordingofamusicalperformanceoravideoofthemdancingWithmoreandmorelowincomestudentspursuinghighereducation,anumberofcollegesareA)offeringstudentsmoremeritbasedaidB)revisingtheirfinancialaidpoliciesC)increasingtheamountoffinancialaidD)changingtheiradmissionprocessesWhatdidAlleghenyCollegeinMeadvilledothreeyearsagoA)IttriedtoimplementanovelfinancialaidprogramB)Itadded$milliontoitsneedbasedaidprogramC)ItphasedoutitsmeritbasedscholarshipsaltogetherD)ItcutsitsmeritbasedaidtohelptheneedystudentsThechiefpurposeofrankingsconsciouscollegesinofferingmeritaidistoA)improveteachingqualityB)boosttheirenrollmentsC)attractgoodstudentsD)increasetheirrevenuesMonicaInzer,deanofadmissionandfinancialaidatHamilton,believesA)itdoesn’tpaytospend$millionayeartoraiseitsrankingB)itgivesstudentsmotivationtoawardacademicachievementsC)it’sillogicaltousesomuchmoneyononlyofitsstudentsD)it’snotrighttogiveaidtothosewhocanaffordthetuitionInrecentyears,meritbasedaidhasincreasedmuchfasterthanneedbasedaidduetoA)moregovernmentfundingtocollegesB)fiercecompetitionamonginstitutionsC)theincreasingnumberoftopstudentsD)schools’improvedfinancialsituationsWhatistheattitudeofmanyprivatecollegestowardmeritaid,accordingtoDavidLairdA)TheywouldliketoseeitreducedB)TheyregarditasanecessaryevilC)TheythinkitdoesmoreharmthangoodD)TheyconsideritunfairtomiddleclassfamiliesWhydoesn’tAlleghenyCollegeplantodropmeritaidentirelyA)RaisingtuitionshavemadecollegeunaffordableformiddleclassfamiliesB)Withrisingincomes,fewerstudentsareapplyingforneedbasedaidC)ManystudentsfrommiddleincomefamilieshavecometorelyonitD)RisingincomeshavedisqualifiedmanystudentsforneedbasedaidAnnualrenewalofacademicmeritscholarshipsdependsonwhethertherecipientsremainApplicantsforathleticmeritscholarshipsneedarecommendationfromacoachorarefereewhotheirexceptionalathleticperformanceApplicantsforartisticmeritscholarshipsmustproduceevidencetoshowtheirinaparticularartisticfieldPartⅢListeningComprehension(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortconversationsandlongconversationsAttheendofeachconversation,oneormorequestionswillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaidBoththeconversationandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonceAftereachquestiontherewillbeapauseDuringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichthebestanswerisThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)GetsomesmallchangeB)FindashoppingcenterC)CashacheckatabankD)FindaparkingmeterA)ShoppingwithhissonB)BuyingagiftforachildC)PromotinganewproductD)BargainingwithasalesgirlA)TakingphotographsB)EnhancingimagesC)MendingcamerasD)PaintingpicturesA)HemovedtoBaltimorewhenhewasyoungB)HecanprovidelittleusefulinformationC)HewillshowthewomanaroundBaltimoreD)HewillasksomeoneelsetohelpthewomanA)HeisratherdisappointedB)HeishighlyambitiousC)Hecan’tfaceuptothesituationD)HeknowshisownlimitationA)ShemusthavepaidalotB)SheisknowntohaveaterrificfigureC)HergymexercisehasyieldedgoodresultsD)HerefforttokeepfitisreallypraiseworthyA)FemalestudentsareunfitforstudyingphysicsB)Hecanserveasthewoman’stutorC)PhysicsisanimportantcourseatschoolD)Theprofessor’ssuggestionisconstructiveA)IndifferentB)DoubtfulC)PleasedD)SurprisedQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)HeprefersthesmallereveningclassesB)HehassignedupforadaycourseC)HehastoworkduringthedayD)HefindstheeveningcoursecheaperA)LearnacomputerlanguageB)LearndataprocessingC)BuysomecomputersoftwareD)BuyafewcoursebooksA)Thursdayevening,from:to:B)FromSeptembertoNewYear’seveC)EveryMonday,lastingforweeksD)Threehoursaweek,hoursintotalA)WhattobringforregistrationB)WheretoattendtheclassC)HowhecangettoFrostHallD)WhetherhecanuseacheckQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)AtrainingcoachB)AtradingadviserC)AprofessionalmanagerD)AfinancialtraderA)HecansaveonlivingexpensesB)HeconsiderscookingcreativeC)HecanenjoyhealthierfoodD)HethinkstakeawayistastelessA)ItissomethinginevitableB)ItisfrustratingsometimesC)IttakespatiencetomanageD)ItcanbeagoodthingSectionBDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortpassagesAttheendofeachpassage,youwillhearsomequestionsBoththepassageandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonceAfteryouhearaquestion,youmustchoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)TherewerenoplanetswithoutmoonsB)TherewasnoairorwateronJupiterC)LifewasnotpossibleinouterspaceD)ThemysteryoflifecouldnotberesolvedA)IthasanumberofactivevolcanoesB)Ithasanatmosphereliketheearth’sC)IthasalargeoceanunderitssurfaceD)IthasdeepcavesseveralmileslongA)LightisnotanessentialelementtoitB)LifecanforminveryhottemperaturesC)EveryformoflifeundergoesevolutionD)OxygenisnotneededforsomelifeformsPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)WhethertheyshouldtakethechildhomeB)WhatDrMayer’sinstructionsexactlywereC)WhoshouldtakecareofthechildathomeD)WhenthechildwouldcompletelyrecoverA)SheencouragesthemtoaskquestionswhenindoubtB)ShemakesthemwritedownallherinstructionsC)ShehasthemactoutwhattheyaretodoathomeD)SheasksthemtorepeatwhattheyaresupposedtodoA)ItlacksthestabilityoftheprintedwordB)ItcontainsmanygrammaticalerrorsC)ItisheavilydependentonthecontextD)ItfacilitatesinterpePassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)JobsecurityB)GoodlaborrelationsC)ChallengingworkD)AttractivewagesandbenefitsA)ManytediousjobscontinuetobedonemanuallyB)MoreandmoreunskilledworkerswilllosejobsC)ComputerswillchangethenatureofmanyjobsD)BoringjobswillgraduallybemadeenjoyableA)OfferthemchancesofpromotionB)ImprovetheirworkingconditionsC)EncouragethemtocompetewitheachotherD)GivethemresponsibilitiesaspartofateamA)TheywillnotbringrealbenefitstothestaffB)TheyconcernasmallnumberofpeopleonlyC)TheyarearbitrarilysetbytheadministratorsD)TheyarebeyondthecontrolofordinaryworkersSectionCDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimesWhenthepassageisreadforthefirsttime,youshouldlistencarefullyforitsgeneralideaWhenthepassageisreadforthesecondtime,youarerequiredtofillintheblanksnumberedfromtowiththeexactwordsyouhavejustheardForblanksnumberedfromtoyouarerequiredtofillinthemissinginformationFortheseblanks,youcaneitherusetheexactwordsyouhavejustheardorwritedownthemainpointsinyourownwordsFinally,whenthepassageisreadforthethirdtime,youshouldcheckwhatyouhavewritten注意:此部分试题在答题卡上。Inthehumanities,authorswritetoinformyouinmanywaysThesemethodscanbe()intothreetypesofinformationalwriting:factual,descriptive,andprocessFactualwritingprovides()informationonanauthor,composer,orartistoronatypeofmusic,literature,orartExamplesoffactualwritingincludenotesonabookjacketor()coverandlongerpieces,suchasanarticledescribingastyleofmusicwhichyoumightreadinamusic()courseThiskindofwritingprovidesa()foryourstudyofthehumanitiesAsitsname(),descriptivewritingsimplydescribes,orprovidesan()of,apieceofmusic,art,orliteratureForexample,descriptivewritingmightlistthecolorsanartistusedinapaintingorthe()acomposerincludedinamusicalcomposition,soastomakepicturesorsoundsinthereader’smindbycallingupspecificdetailsofthework()Processwritingexplainsaseriesofactionsthatbringaboutaresult()Thiskindofwritingisoftenfoundinart,whereunderstandinghowanarthascreatedacertaineffectisimportant()PartⅣReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,thereisapassagewithtenblanksYouarerequiredtoselectonewordforeachblankfromalistofchoicesgiveninawordbankfollowingthepassageReadthepassagethroughcarefullybeforemakingyourchoicesEachchoiceinthebankisidentifiedbyaletterPleasemarkthecorrespondingletterforeachitemonAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreYoumaynotuseanyofthewordsinthebankmorethanonceQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageInfamilieswithtwoworkingparents,fathersmayhavemoreimpactonachild’slanguagedevelopmentthanmothers,anewstudysuggestsResearchersfamiliesformchildcarecentersbeforetheirchildrenwereayearold,interviewingeachtoestablishincome,levelofeducationandchildcarearrangementsOverall,itwasagroupofwellclassfamilies,withmarriedparentsbothlivinginthehomeWhenthechildrenwere,researchersvideotapedthemathomeinfreeplaysessionswithbothparents,alloftheirspeechThestudywillappearintheNovemberissueofTheJournalofAppliedDevelopmentalPsychologyThescientistsmeasuredthenumberofutterance(话语)oftheparents,thenumberofdifferentwordstheyused,thecomplexityoftheirsentencesandotheroftheirspeechOnaverage,fathersspokelessthanmothersdid,buttheydidnotdifferinthelengthofutterancesorproportionofquestionsaskedFinally,theresearchersthechildren’sspeechatage,usingastandardizedlanguagetestTheonlypredictorsofhighscoresonthetestwerethemother’slevelofeducation,theofchildcareandthenumberofdifferentwordsthefatherusedTheresearchersarewhythefather’sspeech,andnotthemother’s,hadaneffect“It’swellthatthemother’slanguagedoeshaveanimpact,”saidNadyaPancsofar,theleadauthorofthestudyItcouldbethatthehighfunctioningmothersinthestudyhadhadastronginfluenceontheirchildren’sspeechdevelopment,MsPancsofarsaid,“oritmaybethatmothersareinawaywedidn’tmeasureinthestudy”注意:此部分试题在答题卡上。A)alreadyB)analyzedC)aspectsD)charactersE)contributingF)describingG)establishedH)qualityI)quotedJ)recordingK)recruitedL)totalM)unconsciousN)unsureO)yetSectionBDirections:TherearepassagesinthissectionEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageThroughoutthislong,tenseelection,everyonehasfocusedonthepresidentialcandidatesandhowthey’llchangeAmericaRightlyso,butselfishly,I’mmorefascinatedbyMichelleObamaandwhatshemightbeabletodo,notjustforthiscountry,butformeasanAfricanAmericanwomanAsthepotentialFirstLady,shewouldhavetheworld’sattentionAndthatmean

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大学英语四级冲刺辅导讲义

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