关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 认知与沟通的文化与神经框架 英文清晰版.pdf

认知与沟通的文化与神经框架 英文清晰版.pdf

认知与沟通的文化与神经框架 英文清晰版.pdf

上传者: 外语书籍 2011-02-08 评分 5 0 248 34 1126 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《认知与沟通的文化与神经框架 英文清晰版pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含OnThinkingSeriesEditorsErnstPoppelParmenidesFoundation,Kirchplatz,DMunichP符等。

OnThinkingSeriesEditorsErnstPoppelParmenidesFoundation,Kirchplatz,DMunichPullach,GermanyandHumanScienceCenter,LudwigMaximiliansUniversityMunich,Goethestr,DMunich,GermanyAlbrechtvonMullerParmenidesFoundation,Kirchplatz,DMunichPullach,GermanyForothertitlespublishedinthisseries,gotowwwspringercomseriesShihuiHanlErnstPoppelEditorsCultureandNeuralFramesofCognitionandCommunicationEditorsPhDShihuiHanPekingUniversityDeptPsychologyYiheyuanRoadBeijingChina,People’sRepublicshanpkueducnProfDrErnstPoppelHumanScienceCenterLudwigMaximiliansUniversityMunichGoethestr,DMunichGermanyernstpoeppelmedunimuenchendeISSNeISSNISBNeISBNDOISpringerHeidelbergDordrechtLondonNewYork#SpringerVerlagBerlinHeidelbergThisworkissubjecttocopyrightAllrightsarereserved,whetherthewholeorpartofthematerialisconcerned,specificallytherightsoftranslation,reprinting,reuseofillustrations,recitation,broadcasting,reproductiononmicrofilmorinanyotherway,andstorageindatabanksDuplicationofthispublicationorpartsthereofispermittedonlyundertheprovisionsoftheGermanCopyrightLawofSeptember,,initscurrentversion,andpermissionforusemustalwaysbeobtainedfromSpringerViolationsareliabletoprosecutionundertheGermanCopyrightLawTheuseofgeneraldescriptivenames,registerednames,trademarks,etcinthispublicationdoesnotimply,evenintheabsenceofaspecificstatement,thatsuchnamesareexemptfromtherelevantprotectivelawsandregulationsandthereforefreeforgeneraluseCoverdesign:SpiPublisherServicesPrintedonacidfreepaperSpringerispartofSpringerScienceþBusinessMedia(wwwspringercom)PrefaceThepresentvolumeofthebookseriesOnThinkingisorganizedbasedontheseventhSinoGermanworkshoponcognitiveneurosciencesinBeijinginOctoberThisworkshopisoneoftheseriesconferencesthatareorganizedbytheDepartmentofPsychologyatPekingUniversity,Beijing,China,andtheHumanScienceCenterofMunichUniversity,Germany,andattendedbypsychologists,cognitiveneuroscientists,linguistics,anthropologists,psychiatrists,computerscientists,philosophers,economics,sociologists,andresearchersinotherrelatedfieldsfromChina,Germany,Japan,Poland,theUSA,theNetherlands,Hungary,andRussiaThegoaloftheseriesworkshopsistopromotethecommunicationandcooperationincognitiveneurosciencebetweenresearchersfromdifferentdisciplinesanddifferentcountriesTheworkshopinfocusedontherelationshipbetweencultureandcognitionbecausetherehasbeenaccumulatingevidenceduringthelastfewyearsthatsocioculturalcontextsgeneratestronginfluencesonhumancognitionsandtheunderlyingneuralsubstratesSincethen,therehasbeenincreasinginterestinstudiesoftheinteractionbetweensocioculturalfactorsandmultiplelevels(eg,gene,neuron,neuralcircuit)ofthebiologicalbasisofhumancognitiveprocessesResearchershavealsostartedtoexamineneurocognitveprocessesinspecificsocioculturalcontextsfromtheevolutionarypointofviewinordertounderstandthemutualinteractionsbetweenenvironmentsandthehumanbrainThepresentvolumecontainspresentationsfromtheworkshopandsomeinvitedchaptersTwochaptersgivegeneralviewsoftherelationshipbetweenbiologicalevolutionandculturalevolutionandrecentculturalneurosciencestudiesofsocialcognitionOtherchaptersfocusonseveralaspectsofhumancognitionthathavebeenshowntobestronglyinfluencedbysocioculturalfactorssuchasselfconceptrepresentation,languageprocesses,emotion,timeperception,anddecisionmakingThemaingoalofthisvolumeistoaddresshowthinkingisconductedandhowtheunderlyingneuralmechanismsareaffectedbycultureandidentity–aframeinwhichhumancognitiondevelopsandevolvesvWeverymuchappreciatethecontributionsofthedistinguishedauthorsfromdifferentdisciplineswhocontributegreatlytoboththeseriesworkshopandthepresentvolumeoftheseriesOnThinkingWearealsogratefultoAnetteLindqvistfromSpringerScienceBusinessesMediaandSusannePicconefromtheHumanScienceCenterofMunichUniversityfortheirconstantsupportwhichmakestheseriesSinoGermanworkshopandtheseriesbookpossiblePeking,ChinaShihuiHanMunich,GermanyErnstPoppelMayviPrefaceContentsNeuroplasticity:BiologicalEvolution’sContributiontoCulturalEvolutionBruceEWexlerCulturalNeuroscienceofSocialCognitionJoanYChiaoandGennaMBebkoTheBrainandItsSelf:ConceptsofSelfandtheCorticalMidlineStructuresGeorgNorthoffSelfIdentityinSocioculturalContexts:ImplicationsfromStudiesofSelffaceRecognitionShihuiHan,YinaMa,andJieSuiTheRelationBetweentheSelfandOthers:ATransculturalNeuroimagingApproachLiZhang,YingZhu,andShihuiHanUnconsciousSelfprocessing:Subconscious,UnintentionalorSubliminalHaiyanGengandShanXuBrain,Behavior,andCulture:InsightsfromCognition,Perception,andEmotionNicholasORule,JonathanBFreeman,andNaliniAmbadyPsychologicalTime,TimePerspective,CultureandConflictResolutionDanZakayandDidaFleisigviiCocreationSystems:MaandCommunicationYoshihiroMiyakeHearingLossandAuditoryProcessingDisorders:ClinicalandExperimentalPerspectivesElzbietaSzelag,HenrykSkarzynski,AndrzejSenderski,andMonikaLewandowskaBroca’sArea:LinkingPerceptionandProductioninLanguageandActionsEleonoraRossi,MarleenSchippers,andChristianKeysersLanguageAttritionandIdentityMonikaSSchmidTheLogicofConstellations:AComplementaryModeofThinkingthatisCrucialforUnderstandingHowRealityActuallyTakesPlaceAlbrechtvonMullerThreeModesofKnowledgeasBasisforInterculturalCognitionandCommunication:ATheoreticalPerspectiveErnstPoppelandYanBaoTwoModesofThinking:EvidencefromCrossCulturalPsychologyBrittGlatzederOutcomeEvaluationinDecisionMaking:ERPStudiesYueJiaLuo,ShiYueSun,XiaoQinMai,RuoLeiGu,andHuiJunZhangMindfulnessinLeadership:DoesBeingMindfulEnhanceLeaders’BusinessSuccessSebastianSauerandNikoKohlsIndexviiiContentsContributorsNaliniAmbadyDepartmentofPsychology,TuftsUniversity,BostonAvenue,Medford,MA,USA,naliniambadytuftseduYanBaoHumanScienceCenter,LudwigMaximilianUniversity,Goethestr,DMunich,GermanyDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,Beijing,ChinaGennaMBebkoDepartmentofPsychologyNorthwesternUniversity,SheridanRoad,Evanston,IL,USANorthwesternUniversityInterdepartmentalNeuroscienceProgram,NorthwesternUniversity,Chicago,IL,USAJoanYChiaoDepartmentofPsychology,NorthwesternUniversity,SheridanRoad,Evanston,IL,USANorthwesternUniversityInterdepartmentalNeuroscienceProgram,NorthwesternUniversity,Chicago,IL,USA,jchiaonorthwesterneduDidaFleisigDepartmentofPsychology,TelAvivUniversity,TelAviv,IsraelDepartmentofBehavioralSciences,TheCollegeofManagementAcademicStudies,RishonLeZion,IsraelJonathanBFreemanDepartmentofPsychology,TuftsUniversity,BostonAvenue,Medford,MA,USA,jonfreemantuftseduHaiyanGengDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChina,hygengpkueducnBrittGlatzederParmenidesFoundation,Munich,Germany,bgparmenidesfoundationorgixRuoLeiGuStateKeyLaboratoryofCognitiveNeuroscienceandLearning,BeijingNormalUniversity,Beijing,ChinaShihuiHanDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,YiheyuanRoad,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChina,shanpkueducnChristianKeysersBCNNeuroImagingCenter,UniversityMedicalCenterGroningen,UniversityofGroningen,Groningen,TheNetherlandsSocialBrainLaboratory,NetherlandsInstituteforNeurosciences,RoyalNetherlandsAcademyofArtsandSciences(KNAW),Amsterdam,TheNetherlands,ckeysersninknawnlNikoKohlsGRP–GenerationResearchProgram,HumanScienceCenter,LudwigMaximiliansUniversitatMunchen,ProfMaxLangePlatz,,BadTolz,GermanyBrain,MindandHealingProgram,SamueliInstitute,Alexandria,VA,USAMonikaLewandowskaLaboratoryofNeuropsychology,NenckiInstituteofExperimentalBiology,PasteurStreet,Warsaw,Poland,mlewandowskanenckigovplYueJiaLuoStateKeyLaboratoryofCognitiveNeuroscienceandLearning,BeijingNormalUniversity,Beijing,China,luoyjbnueducnYinaMaDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,YiheyuanRoad,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChinaXiaoqinMaiInstituteofPsychology,ChineseAcademyofSciences,BeijingChinaYoshihiroMiyakeTokyoInstituteofTechnology,Yokohama,Japan,miyakedistitechacjpAlbrechtvonMullerParmenidesCenterfortheStudyofThinking,Munich,Germany,avmparmenidesfoundationorgGeorgNorthoffResearchUnitDirectorMind,BrainImagingandNeuroethicsCanadaResearchChair,UniversityofOttawa,TheMichaelSmithChair,ELJBCIHRRoyalOttawaHealthcareGroup,UniversityofOttawaInstituteofMentalHealthResearch,CarlingAvenue,Room,Ottawa,ONKZK,Canada,georgnorthoffrohcgoncaErnstPoppelHumanScienceCenter,LudwigMaximilianUniversity,Goethestr,DMunich,GermanyParmenidesCentersfortheStudyofThinking,xContributorsPullachimIsartal,Munich,GermanyDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,Beijing,China,ernstpoeppelmedunimuenchendeEleonoraRossiDepartmentofPsychology,PennsylvaniaStateUniversity,StateCollege,PA,USA,eleonorarosgmailcomNicholasORuleDepartmentofPsychology,UniversityofToronto,StGeorgeStreet,Toronto,ONMSG,Canada,rulepsychutorontocaSebastianSauerGRP–GenerationResearchProgram,HumanScienceCenter,LudwigMaximiliansUniversitatMunchen,ProfMaxLangePlatz,,BadTolz,Germany,sauergrphwzunimuenchendeMarleenSchippersBCNNeuroImagingCenter,UniversityMedicalCenterGroningen,UniversityofGroningen,Groningen,TheNetherlands,mbschippersgmailcomMonikaSSchmidUniversityofGroningen,Groningen,TheNetherlands,msschmidrugnlAndrzejSenderskiInstituteofPhysiologyandPathologyofHearing,ZgrupowaniaAK“Kampinos”Street,Warsaw,Poland,asenderskiifpsorgplHenrykSkarzynskiInstituteofPhysiologyandPathologyofHearing,ZgrupowaniaAK“Kampinos”Street,Warsaw,Poland,hskarzynskiifpsorgplJieSuiDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,YiheyuanRoad,Beijing,,People’sRepublicofChinaShiYueSunStateKeyLaboratoryofCognitiveNeuroscienceandLearning,BeijingNormalUniversity,Beijing,ChinaElzbietaSzelagLaboratoryofNeuropsychology,NenckiInstituteofExperimentalBiology,PasteurStreet,Warsaw,PolandWarsawSchoolofSocialSciencesandHumanities,ChodakowskaStreet,Warsaw,Poland,eszelagnenckigovplBruceEWexlerYaleUniversity,NewHaven,CT,USA,brucewexleryaleeduShanXuDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChina,xushanpkueducnContributorsxiDanZakayNewSchoolofPsychology,IDCHerzeliya,Herzeliya,Israel,dzakayposttauacilHuiJunZhangStateKeyLaboratoryofCognitiveNeuroscienceandLearning,BeijingNormalUniversity,Beijing,ChinaLiZhangSchoolofEducation,CapitalNormalUniversity,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChinaYingZhuDepartmentofPsychology,PekingUniversity,YiheyuanRoad,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChina,zhuypkueducnxiiContributorsNeuroplasticity:BiologicalEvolution’sContributiontoCulturalEvolutionBruceEWexlerAbstractTheincreaseinbrainsizeinhumansrelativetootherprimatesisduetoanincreaseinthenumberofcellsandtheirinterconnectionsTheseincreasesexponentiallyincreasethenumberofpossiblecombinationsofcellsBrainfunctions,includingbehaviorandcognition,arebasedonfunctionalsystemsthatintegratewidelydistributedbrainareasandmillionsofindividualcellsTheconnectionsamongneuronsthatconstitutethesefunctionalsystemsareshapedbyneuronalactivityinducedbystimulationfromtheenvironmentThepowerfulpostnatalshapingofbrainstructureandfunctionbyenvironmentalinputduringchildhoodcontinuesmuchlongerinhumansthaninotheranimalsMoreover,humansaretheonlyanimalthatshapestheenvironmentthatshapesitsbrainToday,mostchildrenareraisedinlargelyhumanmadeenvironmentsThisprocessofcreatingdifferentneuralstructuresthroughtransgenerationalalterationsintherearingenvironmentisculturalevolutionByyoungadulthood,establishedneurocognitivestructuresareselfmaintainingandthebiologicalprocessesthatsupportchangeinneuronalconnectionsbecomelesspowerfulAsaresult,thehomologybetweeninternalneurocognitivestructuresandtheexternalenvironmentachievedinchildhoodbythebrainshapingitselftotheenvironmentismaintainedinadulthoodbyactingontheenvironmenttomakeitmatchestablishedinternalstructuresKeywordsCulturalevolutionEvolutionEpigeneticNeuroplasticityParentingRearingenvironmentIntroductionThehumanbraindiffersfromthebrainsofothermammalsmostfundamentallyinthegreaterextenttowhichdevelopmentofitsstructureandfunctionareinfluencedBEWexlerYaleUniversity,NewHaven,CT,USAemail:brucewexleryaleeduSHanandEPoppel(eds),CultureandNeuralFramesofCognitionandCommunication,OnThinking,DOI,#SpringerVerlagBerlinHeidelbergbysensoryinputThissensitivitytotheenvironmentrestsonthreefeaturessharedthroughoutthemammalianlineandoneuniquetohumanbeingsFirst,cognitivefunctionssuchasperception,memoryandthinkingarisefromtheintegratedactivityofdynamicneuralsystemsdistributedovermultiplebrainareasratherthanbeingpropertiesofaspecificanatomicallocationorofgroupsofnervecellseach“dedicated”todifferentspecificcognitiveoperationsSecond,neurocognitivecapacityincreasesacrossthephylogenetichierarchyprimarilythroughincreasesintheoverallnumberofbraincellsandtheirinteractionsThird,cellviabilityandgrowthdependuponcellsbeingactivatedbyinputfromtheenvironmentFourth,humanbeingsaloneshapetheenvironmentsthatinturnshapetheirbrainsNeuroplasticityisthequalityofneuralstructurestochange,primarilythroughchangeintheinterconnectionsofthenervecellsthatconstitutethestructuresNeuroplasticityisevidentondifferenttimescalesFunctionalconnectivitycanchangemomenttomomentasneuralsubunitsassociatethemselvesinchangingwaystodynamicallyconstitutefunctionalsystemsofperception,cognitionandmotoractivityMoreenduringaspectsofneuronalstructurecanalsochangeasaresultofrecurringactivationofsomecellsandpathwaysmorethanothers“neuronsthatfiretogetherwiretogether”Changeatbothtimescalesislargelyafunctionoftheindividual’sinteractionwiththeenvironment,andalthoughtheboundariesofthiscategoricaldistinctionmaynotalwaysbeclear,itpointstodifferentmechanismsofplasticityaswellasdifferenttypesofinteractionswiththeenvironmentItalsoappearsthattheneuralmechanismsofplasticitywithinthesecondcategoryofmoreenduringchangesasaresultofsimilarandrepeatedenvironmentalinputmaybedifferentinchildrenthaninadultsItisthissecondtypeofneuroplasticitythatisthefocusofthediscussionthatfollows,withafurtheremphasisontheneuroplasticityofchildhoodThefirstpartofthethesisofthischapteristhatbiologicalevolution,asdescribedbyDarwinandbasedonrandommutationsinDNAandselectionforthosemutationsthatprovideadaptiveadvantagesintheorganism’sparticularenvironment,ledtochangesintwoparametersettingsinpreandpostnatalneurodevelopmentOneisthenumberofneurons,whilethesecondisthelengthoftimeafterbirththatthebrainiseasilyshaped,andreshaped,byenvironmentalinputThesetwochangesaregreaterinhumanbeingsthaninotheranimalsandmakeitpossibleforenvironmentalinputtocreatemoreelaborateandpowerfulneuralfunctionalstructuresinhumanbeingsThesecondpartofthethesisisthatpeoplebegantochangetheenvironmentthatprovidedthebrainshapingsensoryinputfortheirchildrenWhilethetimeandmannerofthisdevelopmentinhumanprehistoryisunclear,itisclearthatitwasatfirstaverygradualchange,andthatinrecentmillenniaithasgreatlyacceleratedToday,mostoftheworld’schildrenareraisedinlargelyhumanmadeenvironmentsThisprocessofcreatingdifferentneuralstructuresthroughtransgenerationalalterationsintherearingenvironmentisculturalevolutionCulturalevolutionismuchfasterthatofDarwinianbiologicalevolutionLikeDarwinianevolution,itcreatespopulationvariabilitybymixingtraitsoftheparentalgenerationintheiroffspringHowever,culturalevolutionmuchmorerapidlycreatesvariability,andthevariabilityismoreincrementalandextensiveBEWexlerindistributionacrossthepopulationIntermsofhumandevelopmentoverthelast,to,years,itisasifculturalevolutionsaidtobiologicalevolution:“thankyoufor

精彩专题

职业精品

上传我的资料

热门资料

资料评价:

/ 328
所需积分:0 立即下载

意见
反馈

返回
顶部

Q