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首页 英文文学名著之欧·亨利《市声》

英文文学名著之欧·亨利《市声》.pdf

英文文学名著之欧·亨利《市声》

Keepfit_Wang2012
2011-01-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英文文学名著之欧·亨利《市声》pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

TheVoiceoftheCitybyOHenry作者简介Henry,O亨利,欧()WilliamSydneyPorter的笔名作家短篇小说大师生于北卡罗来纳州格林斯伯勒。他在南方内战后的萧条时期长大在担任第一花旗银行出纳员之前做过多种工作。后因盗用公款坐牢()在狱中开始用笔名写短篇小说。年被释放后移居纽约市。年发表了他多卷短篇小说集中的第一卷《白菜与国王》(CabbagesandKings)。他的小说使日常生活富有浪漫色彩和幽默感而且故事中有许多巧合和出人不意的结尾因此而著名。其他小说集还有《市声》(TheVoiceoftheCity,)、《动荡不定》(Whirligigs,)和《无家可归的人》(WaifsandStrays,,死后出版)等。尽管他在写作上获得巨大成功但一生却因负债、疾病和酗酒而黯然失色。CONTENTSTHEVOICEOFTHECITYTHECOMPLETELIFEOFJOHNHOPKINSALICKPENNYLOVERDOUGHERTY’SEYEOPENERLITTLESPECKINGARNEREDFRUITTHEHARBINGERWHILETHEAUTOWAITSACOMEDYINRUBBERONETHOUSANDDOLLARSTHEDEFEATOFTHECITYTHESHOCKSOFDOOMTHEPLUTONIANFIRENEMESISANDTHECANDYMANSQUARINGTHECIRCLEROSES,RUSESANDROMANCETHEFOURROSESTHECITYOFDREADFULNIGHTTHEEASTEROFTHESOULTHEFOOLKILLERTRANSIENTSINARCADIATHERATHSKELLERANDTHEROSETHECLARIONCALLEXTRADITEDFROMBOHEMIAAPHILISTINEINBOHEMIAFROMEACHACCORDINGTOHISABILITYTHEMEMENTOTheVoiceoftheCityTHEVOICEOFTHECITYTwentyfiveyearsagotheschoolchildrenusedtochanttheirlessonsThemanneroftheirdeliverywasasingsongrecitativebetweentheutteranceofanEpiscopalministerandthedroneofatiredsawmillImeannodisrespectWemusthavelumberandsawdustIrememberonebeautifulandinstructivelittlelyricthatemanatedfromthephysiologyclassThemoststrikinglineofitwasthis:“Theshinboneisthelongestboneinthehumanbody”Whataninestimableboonitwouldhavebeenifallthecorporealandspiritualfactspertainingtomanbadthusbeentunefullyandlogicallyinculcatedinouryouthfulminds!Butwhatwegainedinanatomy,musicandphilosophywasmeagreTheotherdayIbecameconfusedIneededarayoflightIturnedbacktothoseschooldaysforaidButinallthenasalharmonieswewhinedforthfromthosebardbenchesIcouldnotrecallonethattreatedofthevoiceofagglomeratedmankindInotherwords,ofthecompositevocalmessageofmassedhumanityInotherwords,oftheVoiceofaBigCityNow,theindividualvoiceisnotlackingWecanunderstandthesongofthepoet,therippleofthebrook,themeaningofthemanwhowants$untilnextMonday,theinscriptionsonthetombsofthePharaohs,thelanguageofflowers,the“steplively”oftheconductor,andthepreludeofthemilkcansatAMCertainlargeearedonesevenassertthattheyarewisetothevibrationsofthetympanumproneedbyconcussionoftheairemanatingfromMrHJamesButwhocancomprehendthemeaningofthevoiceofthecityIwentoutfortoseeFirst,IaskedAureliaSheworewhiteSwissandabatwithflowersonit,andribbonsandendsofthingsflutteredhereandthere“Tellme,”Isaid,stammeringly,forIhavenovoiceofmyown,“whatdoesthisbigerenormouserwhoppingcitysayItmusthaveavoiceofsomekindDoesiteverspeaktoyouHowdoyouinterpretitsmeaningItisatremendousmass,butitmusthaveakey:’“LikeaSaratogatrunk”askedAurelia“No,”saidI“PleasedonotrefertothelidIhaveafancythateverycityhasavoiceEachonehassomethingtosaytotheonewhocanhearitTheVoiceoftheCityWhatdoesthebigonesaytoyou““Allcities,”saidAurelia,judicially,“saythesamethingWhentheygetthroughsayingitthereisanechofromPhiladelphiaSo,theyareunanimous”“Hereare,,people,”saidI,scholastically,“compresseduponanisland,whichismostlylambsurroundedbyWallStreetwaterTheconjunctionofsomanyunitsintososmallaspacemustresultinanidentityor,orratherahomogeneitythatfindsitsoralexpressionthroughacommonchannelItis,asyoumightsay,aconsensusoftranslation,concentratinginacrystallized,generalideawhichrevealsitselfinwhatmaybetermedtheVoiceoftheCityCanyoutellmewhatitisAureliasmiledwonderfullyShesatonthehighstoopAsprayofinsolentivybobbedagainstherrightearArayofimpudentmoonlightflickereduponhernoseButIwasadamant,nickelplated“Imustgoandfindout,”Isaid,“whatistheVoiceofthiscityOthercitieshavevoicesItisanassignmentImusthaveitNewYork,”Icontinned,inarisingtone,“hadbetternothandmeacigarandsay:‘Oldman,Ican’ttalkforpublication’NoothercityactsinthatwayChicagosays,unhesitatingly,‘Iwill’IPhiladelphiasays,‘Ishould’NewOrleanssays,‘Iusedto’Louisvillesays,‘Don’tcareifIdo’StLouissays,‘Excuseme’Pittsburgsays,‘Smokeup’Now,NewYork“Aureliasmiled“Verywell,”saidI,“Imustgoelsewhereandfindout”Iwentintoapalace,tilefloored,cherubceilingedandsquarewiththecopIputmyfootonthebrassrailandsaidtoBillyMagnus,thebestbartenderinthediocese:Billy,you’velivedinNewYorkalongtimewhatkindofasonganddancedoesthisoldtowngiveyouWhatImeanis,doesn’tthegabofitseemtokindofbunchupandslideoverthebartoyouinasortofamalgamatedtipthatbitsofftheburginakindofanepigramwithadashofbittersandasliceof““Excusemeaminute,”saidBilly,“somebody’spunchingthebuttonatthesidedoor”Hewentawaycamebackwithanemptytinbucketagainvanishedwithitfullreturnedandsaidtome:“ThatwasMameSheringstwiceShelikesaglassofbeerforsupperHerandthekidIfyoueversawthatlittleskeesicksofminebraceupinhishighchairandtakehisbeerandBut,say,whatwasyoursIgetkindofexcitedwhenIbearthemtworingswasitthebaseballscoreorginfizzyouaskedfor”“Gingerale,”IansweredTheVoiceoftheCityIwalkeduptoBroadwayIsawacoponthecornerThecopstakekidsup,womenacross,andmeninIwentuptohimIfI’mnotexceedingthespiellimit,”Isaid,“letmeaskyouYouseeNewYorkduringitsvocativehoursItisthefunctionofyouandyourbrothercopstopreservetheacousticsofthecityTheremustbeacivicvoicethatisintelligibletoyouAtnightduringyourlonelyroundsyoumusthavebearditWhatistheepitomeofitsturmoilandshoutingWhatdoesthecitysaytoyou“Friend,”saidthepoliceman,spinninghisclub,“itdon’tsaynothingIgetmyordersfromthemanhigherupSay,Iguessyou’reallrightStandhereforafewminutesandkeepaneyeopenfortheroundsman”ThecopmeltedintothedarknessofthesidestreetIntenminutesbehadreturned“MarriedlastTuesday,”besaid,halfgruffly“YouknowbowtheyareShecomestothatcorneratnineeverynightforacomestosay‘hello!‘IgenerallymanagetobethereSay,whatwasityouaskedmeabitagowhat’sdoinginthecityOh,there’saroofgardenortwojustopened,twelveblocksup”Icrossedacrow’sfootofstreetcartracks,andskirtedtheedgeofanumbrageousparkAnartificialDiana,gilded,heroic,poised,windruled,onthetower,shimmeredintheclearlightofhernamesakeintheskyAlongcamemypoet,hurrying,hatted,haired,emittingdactyls,spondeesanddactylisIseizedhim“Bill,”saidI(inthemagazineheisCleon),“givemealiftIamonanassignmenttofindouttheVoiceofthecityYousee,it’saspecialorderOrdinarilyasymposiumcomprisingtheviewsofHenryClews,JohnLSullivan,EdwinMarkham,MayIrwinandCharlesSchwabwouldbeaboutallButthisisadifferentmatterWewantabroad,poetic,mysticvocalizationofthecity’ssoulandmeaningYouaretheverychaptogivemeahintSomeyearsagoamangotattheNiagaraFallsandgaveusitspitchThenotewasabouttwofeetbelowthelowestGonthepianoNow,youcan’tputNewYorkintoanoteunlessit’sbetterindorsedthanthatButgivemeanideaofwhatitwouldsayifitshouldspeakItisboundtobeamightyandfarreachingutteranceToarriveatitwemusttakethetremendouscrashofthechordsoftheday’straffic,thelaughterandmusicofthenight,thesolemntonesofDrParkhurst,theragtime,theweeping,thestealthybumofcabwbeels,theshoutofthepressagent,thetinkleoffountainsontheroofgardens,thehullabalooofthestrawberryvenderandthecoversofEverybody’sMagazine,thewhispersoftheloversintheparksallthesesounds,mustgointoyourVoicenotcombined,butmixed,andofthemixtureanessencemadeandoftheessenceanextractanaudibleextract,ofwhichonedropshallformthethingweseek”TheVoiceoftheCity“Doyouremember,”askedthepoet,withachuckle,“thatCaliforniagirlwemetatStiver’sstudiolastweekWell,I’monmywaytoseeherSherepeatedthatpoemofmine,‘TheTributeofSpring,’wordforwordShe’sthesmartestpropositioninthistownjustatpresentSay,howdoesthisconfoundedtielookIspoiledfourbeforeIgotonetosetright”“AndtheVoicethatIaskedyouabout”Iinquired“Oh,shedoesn’tsing,”saidCleon“Butyououghttobearherrecitemy‘AngeloftheInshoreWind’”IpassedonIcorneredanewsboyandbeflashedatmepropheticpinkpapersthatoutstrippedthenewsbytworevolutionsoftheclock’slongesthand“Son,”Isaid,whileIpretendedtochasecoinsinmypennypocket,“doesn’titsometimesseemtoyouasifthecityoughttobeabletotalkAlltheseupsanddownsandfunnybusinessandqueerthingshappeningeverydaywhatwoulditsay,doyouthink,ifitcouldspeak“Quityerkiddin’,”saidtheboy“WotpaperyerwantIgotnotimetowasteIt’sMag’sbirthday,andIwantthirtycentstogitherapresent”Herewasnointerpreterofthecity’smouthpieceIboughtapaper,andconsigneditsundeclaredtreaties,itspremeditatedmurdersandunfoughtbattlestoanashcanAgainIrepairedtotheparkandsatinthemoonshadeIthoughtandthought,andwonderedwhynonecouldtellmewhatIaskedforAndthen,asswiftaslightfromafixedstar,theanswercametomeIaroseandhurriedhurriedassomanyreasonersmust,backaroundmycircleIknewtheanswerandIbuggeditinmybreastasIflew,fearinglestsomeonewouldstopmeanddemandmysecretAureliawasstillonthestoopThemoonwashigherandtheivyshadowsweredeeperIsatathersideandwewatchedalittlecloudtiltatthedriftingmoonandgoasunder,quitepaleanddiscomfitedAndthen,wonderofwondersanddelightofdelights!ourhandssomehowtouched,andourfingersclosedtogetheranddidnotpartAfterhalfanhourAureliasaid,withthatsmileofhers:“Doyouknow,youhaven’tspokenawordsinceyoucameback!““That,”saidI,noddingwisely,“istheVoiceoftheCity”TheVoiceoftheCityTHECOMPLETELIFEOFJOHNHOPKINSThereisasayingthatnomanhastastedthefullflavoroflifeuntilhehasknownpoverty,loveandwarThejustnessofthisreflectioncommendsittotheloverofcondensedphilosophyThethreeconditionsembraceaboutallthereisinlifeworthknowingAsurfacethinkermightdeemthatwealthshouldbeaddedtothelistNotsoWhenapoormanfindsalongbiddenquarterdollarthathasslippedthrougharipintohisvestlining,besoundsthepleasureoflifewithadeeperplummetthananymillionairecanhopetocastItseemsthatthewiseexecutivepowerthatruleslifehasthoughtbesttodrillmaninthesethreeconditionsandnonemayescapeallthreeInruralplacesthetermsdonotmeansomuchPovertyislesspinchingloveistemperatewarshrinkstocontestsaboutboundarylinesandtheneighbors’hensItisinthecitiesthatourepigramgainsintruthandvigorandithasremainedforoneJohnHopkinstocrowdtheexperienceintoarathersmallspaceoftimeTheHopkinsflatwaslikeathousandothersTherewasarubberplantinonewindowafleabittenterriersatintheother,wonderingwhenhewastohavehisdayJohnHopkinswaslikeathousandothersHeworkedat$perweekinaninestory,redbrickbuildingateitherInsurance,Buckle’sHoistingEngines,Chiropody,Loans,Pulleys,BoasRenovated,WaltzGuaranteedinFiveLessons,orArtificialLimbsItisnotforustowringMrHopkins’savocationfromtheseoutwardsignsthatbeMrsHopkinswaslikeathousandothersTheauriferoustooth,thesedentarydisposition,theSundayafternoonwanderlust,thedraughtuponthedelicatessenstoreforhomemadecomforts,thefurorfordepartmentstoremarkeddownsales,thefeelingofsuperioritytotheladyinthethirdfloorfrontwhoworegenuineostrichtipsandhadtwonamesoverherbell,themucilaginoushoursduringwhichsheremainedgluedtothewindowsill,thevigilantavoidanceoftheinstalmentman,thetirelesspatronageoftheacousticsofthedumbwaitershaftalltheattributesoftheGothamflatdwellerwerehersTheVoiceoftheCityOnemomentyetofsententiousnessandthestorymovesIntheBigCitylargeandsuddenthingshappenYouroundacornerandthrusttheribofyourumbrellaintotheeyeofyouroldfriendfromKootenaiFallsYoustrollouttopluckaSweetWilliamintheparkandlo!banditsattackyouyouareambulancedtothehospitalyoumarryyournursearedivorcedgetsqueezedwhileshortonUPSandDWNSstandinthebreadlinemarryanheiress,takeoutyourlaundryandpayyourclubduesseeminglyallinthewinkofaneyeYoutravelthestreets,andafingerbeckonstoyou,ahandkerchiefisdroppedforyou,abrickisdroppeduponyou,theelevatorcableoryourbankbreaks,atabled’hoteoryourwifedisagreeswithyou,andFatetossesyouaboutlikecorkcrumbsinwineopenedbyanunfeedwaiterTheCityisasprightlyyoungster,andyouareredpaintuponitstoy,andyougetlickedoffJohnHopkinssat,afteracompresseddinner,inhisglovefittingstraightfrontflatHesatuponahornblendecouchandgazed,withsatiatedeyes,atArtBroughtHometothePeopleintheshapeof“TheStorm“tackedagainstthewallMrsHopkinsdiscourseddroninglyofthedinnersmellsfromtheflatacrosstheballThefleabittenterriergaveHopkinsalookofdisgust,andshowedamanhatingtoothHerewasneitherpoverty,love,norwarbutuponsuchbarrenstemsmaybegraftedthoseessentialsofacompletelifeJohnHopkinssoughttoinjectafewraisinsofconversationintothetastelessdoughofexistence“Puttinganewelevatorinattheoffice,”hesaid,discardingthenominativenoun,“andthebosshasturnedouthiswhiskers”“Youdon’tmeanit!commentedMrsHopkins“MrWhipples,”continuedJohn,“worehisnewspringsuitdowntodayIlikeditfineIt’sagraywith“Hestopped,suddenlystrickenbyaneedthatmadeitselfknowntohim“IbelieveI’llwalkdowntothecornerandgetafivecentcigar,”heconcludedJohnHopkinstookhisbataidpickedhiswaydownthemustyhallsandstairsoftheflathouseTheeveningairwasmild,andthestreetsshrillwiththecarelesscriesofchildrenplayinggamescontrolledbymysteriousrhythmsandphrasesTheireldersheldthedoorwaysandstepswithleisurelypipeandgossipParadoxically,thefireescapessupportedloversincoupleswhomadenoattempttoflythemountingconflagrationtheyweretheretofanThecornercigarstoreaimedatbyJohnHopkinswaskeptbyamannamedFreshmayer,wholookedupontheearthasasterilepromontoryHopkins,unknowninthestore,enteredandcalledgeniallyforhis“bunchofspinach,carfaregrade”ThisimputationdeepenedthepessimismofTheVoiceoftheCityFreshmayerbutbesetoutabrandthatcameperilouslyneartofillingtheorderHopkinsbitofftherootsofhispurchase,andlightedupattheswinginggasjetFeelinginhispocketstomakepayment,hefoundnotapennythere“Say,myfriend,”heexplained,frankly,“I’vecomeoutwithoutanychangeHandyouthatnickelfirsttimeIpass”JoysurgedinFreshmayer’sheartHerewascorroborationofhisbeliefthattheworldwasrottenandmanaperipateticevilWithoutawordheroundedtheendofhiscounterandmadeearnestonslaughtuponhiscustomerHopkinswasnomantoserveasapunchingbagforapessimistictobacconistHequicklybestoweduponFreshmayeraColoradomaduroeyeinreturnfortheardentkickthatbereceivedfromthatdealeringoodsforcashonlyTheimpetusoftheenemy’sattackforcedtheHopkinslinebacktothesidewalkTheretheconflictragedthepacificwoodenIndian,withhiscarvensmile,wasoverturned,andthoseofthestreetwhodelightedincarnagepressedroundtoviewthezealousjoustButthencametheinevitablecopandimminentconvenienceforboththeattackerandattackedJohnHopkinswasapeacefulcitizen,whoworkedatrebusesofnightsinaflat,butbewasnotwithoutthefundamentalspiritofresistancethatcomeswiththebattlerageHeknockedthepolicemanintoagrocer’ssidewalkdisplayofgoodsandgaveFreshmayerapunchthatcausedhimtemporarilytoregretthathehadnotmadeitaruletoextendafivecentlineofcredittocertaincustomersThenHopkinstookspiritedlytohisheelsdownthesidewalk,closelyfollowedbythecigardealerandthepoliceman,whoseuniformtestifiedtothereasoninthegrocer’ssignthatread:“Eggscheaperthananywhereelseinthecity”AsHopkinsranhebecameawareofabig,low,red,racingautomobilethatkeptabreastofhiminthestreetThisautosteeredintothesideofthesidewalk,andthemanguidingitmotionedtoHopkinstojumpintoitHedidsowithou

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英文文学名著之欧·亨利《市声》

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