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首页 听力对话场景

听力对话场景.doc

听力对话场景

kjff
2011-01-28 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《听力对话场景doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

对话场景对话场景下面列出的以地点为主题的词群在各种听力考试特别是段对话中常常出现。Library图书馆librarian馆员lai‘brɛəriənperiodical期刊piəri'ɔdikəlborrow借入magazine通俗刊物lend借出journal学术刊物checkout办手续借入currentissue现刊renew续借backissue过刊boundvolume合订本index索引bookonreserve保留图书reader’scard读者证referencebook参考书librarycard借书证dictionary工具书辞典borrower’scard借书证due到期overdue过期school学校campus校园termpaper学期论文dormitory宿舍thesis毕业论文department系graduation毕业(典礼)gym(nasium)体育馆extension论文延期tuition学费finalexam期末考试credit学分freshman(大学)一年级学生hour学时sophomore(大学)二年级学生course课程junior(大学)三年级学生groupdiscussion小组讨论senior大四学生seminar讨论课‘seminɑ:program授课计划,课程A:Excellent优秀B:Good良好C:Pass及格D:Fail不及格BABS文科理科学士学位MAMS文科理科硕士学位PhD博士学位MBA工商管理硕士Hospital医院clinic诊所surgeon外科医生medicine药品physician内科医生pill药丸dentist牙医tablet药片'tæblitoperation手术heartattack心脏病visitinghours探视时间dizzy头晕examine体检faint昏迷stomachache胃疼wornout疲乏highbloodpressure高血压Restaurant餐厅menu菜单applepie苹果饼order点菜tray托盘waiter男侍者waitress女侍者Fork叉knife刀spoon勺Paythebill买单付账hamburger汉堡包Friedrice炒米饭shrimp虾Steak牛排steikpudding布丁Egg鸡蛋tip小费It’smytreat我请客。Hotel旅馆Makeareservation订房间checkin登记入住checkout结账离开receptiondesk接待处fee房费singleroom单人房间doubleroom双人房间porter行李工hotwater热水filloutaform填表VAT增值税register登记accommodation住宿bathroom浴室fullup住满了roomService客房服务台airconditioner空调postoffice邮局mailsendpostaletter寄信telegramcable电报'keiblpostage邮资parcel包裹airmail航空信overweight超重stamp邮票registeredletter挂号信postalclerk邮局职员remittance汇款ri'mitənsbank银行openanaccount开户demandnote取款单deposit存款di‘pɔzitinterestrate利率banknote存折savingaccount储蓄账户drawwithdrawmoney取钱ATM自动取款机airport机场flight航班passenger乘客departure离开land着陆takeoff起飞seesboff送行leftluggageoffice行李寄存处passport护照telephoneoffice电话局operator接线员leaveamessage留言Theconnectionisbad听不清。putthrough把电话接通haveatelephoneinstalled安装一部电话customshouse海关allowance限额passport护照overweight超重fine罚款visa签证luggage行李Doyouhaveanythingtodeclare有什么需要申报的吗?airplane飞机jet喷气飞机captain机长airhostess空中小姐airstewardess空中小姐'həustisstju:ə'des,'stju:ədispassenger乘客pilot飞行员emergency紧急情况parachute降落伞'pærəʃu:tturbulence湍流'tɜ:bjʊlənsFastenyourseatbelt系好安全带。court法庭judge法官crime罪行MyLord法官大人MyHonor法官大人befoundguilty被判有罪innocent清白的lawyer律师chargeaccuse起诉jury陪审团sentence判决witness证人criminalrecord犯罪记录theft盗窃murder谋杀rubbery抢劫violence暴力bakery面包房bread面包birthdaycake生日蛋糕loaf一块(面包)doughnut多纳圈Frenchbread法式面包baker面包师hardwarestore五金工具店tool工具scissors剪子'sizəznail钉子hammer锤子steelruler钢尺drill钻wire铁丝saw锯office办公室boss老板typealetter打印信件jobapplicant求职者interview面试credentials学位证书学历证明kri'denʃəlzresume简历experience经验vacation休假ability能力qualification资历salary工资getarise涨工资income收入import进口export出口reputation声誉vacancy空缺postposition职位salesrepresentative销售代表housetolet待租房landlord男房东landlady女房东lease租约li:srent租租金furnished有家具电器的'fə:niʃtunfurnished无家具电器的apartment公寓utilities水电费radiatorheater暖气blackout停电'reidieitətaxi出租车urgent紧急的downtownarea城市商业区rearviewmirror后视镜accident交通事故intersection十字路口trafficlights红绿灯heavytraffic交通拥挤roadsign路标driver’slicense驾照exceedthespeedlimit超过限速milesperhour时速slippery(路面)滑ingoodmechanicalcondition(车)状态良好以上列举了个重要对话语境下的系列相关词考生需要引起特别注意。要把它们作为词汇中的重点按“对话地点人物关系相关词”的顺序依次进行专门记忆这样可以充分提高语境意识和解题时的快速反应能力达到一步推理到位的效果。当然以上总结并非面面俱到做题时还会出现一些其他的对话语境如cinema,shop,laundry,travelagency(旅行社)maintenancecentre(维修中心),wedding,funeral,graduation等等。需要学生自己在学习过程中及时进行总结。就四级来看对话内容主要设计日常生活以学生的活动为主体不会出现政治商业谈判体育军事外交科技等方面的内容即使在医院法庭银行旅馆机场等常见语境下发生的对话也不会出现太专业的词汇。在两个对话者给出一定信息后考生需要迅速找到相关词并推理对话最有可能在什么地点进行。【例子】M:YousaidnoroomButyoujustgaveonetoayoungladyW:TheyoungladymadeareservationlastweekQ:WheredoestheconversationmostprobablytakeplaceA​ AtanairportBAtacollegeCAtahotelDAtatravelagencyM:HowmanyhoursareyoutakingthissemesterW:Eighteen,plustwoatthelabQ:WheredoestheconversationmostprobablytakeplaceA​ AtanofficeBInauniversityCInasupermarketDInarestaurantM:ExcusemeWherecanIfindthebackissuesofTimeMagazineW:WhichparticularissuesareyoulookingforQ:WheredoestheconversationmostprobablytakeplaceA​ InamuseumBInalibraryCInabookstoreDInasupermarketW:Dear,IfeelhungrynowHowaboutyouM:SodoILetmecallRoomservicePleasesendamenutorightawayQ:WherearethetwospeakersA​ InahotelBAtadinnertableCInastreetDAttheman’shouseI’mafraidIshouldcheckthecatalogueunderauthor查图书的作者目录(library)Youmayaskthewaitressifthereissuchfoodhere向女侍者询问有没有这道菜(restaurant)Ican’tunderstandthehandwritingofyourprescription看不懂处方内容(hospital)ImustgetanAinthiscourse这门课必须得到A(college)Takepillseachtimetimesaday一日三次一次三片(hospital)Pleasesendusyourcredentialsassoonaspossible尽快送来学历证书与面试有关(office)Whenwillflighttakeoff号航班何时起飞?(airport)I’dliketoordersomefishandsteak点鱼和牛排吃(restaurant)Pleasetellmeabouttheinterestrate问利息率(bank)Ineedsomenailsandwiretohangapicture买钉子和铁丝(hardwarestore)Imadealongdistancecallbuttheconnectionwastoobad长途电话接线效果差听不清(teloffice)GivemealoafofbreadIalsowantsomefreshcakes买面包和蛋糕(bakery)IwantthepantstobecleanedandpressedbeforeFriday周五前把裤子洗好熨好(laundry)We’llhavetowaituntilthecaptainturnsoffthefastentheseatbeltsign等到机长关上系安全带指示灯才行(airplane)Iwantasingleroomwithabathroomfortwoweeks要一个带浴室的单人房间(hotel)【练习】​ AinthelibraryBinthebankCintheclinicDintheaccountingofficeAhospitalBpoliceofficeCcinemaDdepartmentstoreAlibraryBbookstoreCclassroomDclinicAclassroomBbankCtheaterDhotelArestaurantBrailwaystationChotelDbookstoreAEuropeBHereCCanadaDCaliforniaAinacottonfieldBatarailwaystationConafarmDonatrainAintheparkBbetweentwobuildingsCinhisapartmentDunderahugetreeAatanartgalleryBinadepartmentstoreCatabookstoreDinaworkshopAatabookstoreBatabankCataclubDatagrocerystore

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