下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 人大考博英语2008

人大考博英语2008

人大考博英语2008

dsj5216
2011-01-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人大考博英语2008pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

中国人民大学年博士生入学考试英语试题PartIVocabulary()Directions:Choosethebestanswer(fromA,B,CandD)tocompleteeachofthefollowingsentencesMarkyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheetLet'sgiveabigtotonight'sprizewinnerArespectBshoutCpraiseDhandItwasadepressedanddividedcountry,accustomedtofailureandofchangeAdefiniteBcuriousCsuspiciousDanxiousThesecretoftheofWalmartintheretailingindustryliesinissinglemindedandskillfulpantsuitofthelowestpricesAunalleviatedB,uncombedCunprecedentedDunaccompaniedThosewhogotangryandcrazysetfiretocarsandshopsintheParissuburbofClichysousBois,thentheproblemsAevolvedBevaporatedCescalatedD,exaltedThesupervisor,hisexplanationwhenhisfaultwaspointedoutbysometalentedyoungstudentsAstumbledoverBgotoverCdashedtoDgaveout,itisevidentthatnoone,nomatterhowmuchtheyisimmunityfromtheeffectofadvertisingA,refuseBreflectCproclaimDprotest"It'sprobablyjuststress"Howmanytimeshaveyouutteredthosewordstowwwreapeducomyourselftoaheadache,painorillnessAdismissBdisposeCdispelDdisruptSchoolsandcollegeshavenorighttouseourpublicmoneytopromoteconductthatistothereligiousandmoralvaluesofparentsandtaxpayersAconduciveBcomparableCaponizingDoffensiveTheoldfarmerhiswife,livinguntilyearsofageAbeatBsurvivedClastedDenduredHedidn'tknowanythingaboutbusiness,sostartinghisownwasAaclimbtopowerBaleapinthedarkCarunonthebankDastepbackwardsPublicattitudestowardbusinessregulationsaredeeplymostpeopleresentintensivegovernmentrules,yettheyexpectgovernmenttopreventbusinessfromdefrauding,exploitingthepublicAhostileBemotionalCambiguousDcynicalEversincetheTVshowcameofftheair,therehasbeenthatamoviemightbemadeoftheshowFinallyinautumn,newsbrokethatfilminghadstartedAspecificationBsuspicionCsimulationDspeculationAquickwitandawarmsmilewerethesalesman'sstockAintradeBinreserveCineffectDinbusinessInnovativeproductplatformsliketheportabletransistorradioandthewalkmanthedigitallifestyleeraAsettheStageforBshedlightonCmadesenseofDgaveahandtoSuccessfulimitation,farfrombeingsymptomaticofalackof,isthefirststepinlearningtobecreativeAresolutionBeleganceCaspirationDoriginalitywwwreapeducomOurparentsloveusbecausewearetheirchildren,andthisisanfactsothatwefeelsaferwiththemthanwithanyoneelseAunambiguousBuncontrollableCunalterableDunintentionalAsajournalistHemingwaytrainedhimselfinofexpressionHisdeliberateavoidanceofveryattractiveadjectivesissomeofthetracesofhisearlyjournalisticpracticesAeconomyBeleganceCdepthDneatnessItisthevastnumberofirresponsibledogownerswhichhasrousedpublicanddemandsfortightercontrolsAobsessionBapprehensionCexclamationDindignationTalkingtochildrenaboutthedeathofothersisasubjectthatadultsawayfromverystronglyAshyBstayCslipDskipThat'sallfight,itisbettertothefeelingthantoletitbuildupAdisplaceBdisarmCdischargeDdispatchManypeoplearetoinsectbites,andsomeevenhavetogotohospitalAinsensitiveBallergicCsensibleDinfectedWhenyou'redrivingonamotorway,youmustobeythesignstellingyoutogetintotherightAwayBtrackCroadDlaneThemotoristhadtotoavoidknockingtheoldwomandowninthemiddleoftheroadAswerveBtwistCdepartDswingInwinterdrivershavetroublestoppingtheircarsfromonicyroadsAskatingBskiddingCslidingDslippingThisprojectwouldahugeincreaseindefensespendingAresultBassureCentailDaccomplishThechancesofarepetitionoftheseunfortunateeventsareindeedAdistantBslimCunlikelyDnarrowwwwreapeducomWeshouldmakeaclearbetween"competent"and"proficient"forthepurposesofourdiscussionAseparationBdivisionCdistinctionDdifferenceInthepresenteconomicwecanmakeevengreaterprogressthanpreviouslyAairBmoodCareaDclimateRiteofPassageisagoodnovelbyanystandardsitshouldrankhighonanylistofsciencefictionAconsistentlyBconsequentlyCinvariablyDfortunatelyThediversityoftropicalplantsintheregionrepresentsaseeminglysourceofrawmaterials,ofwhichonlyafewhavebeenutilizedAexploitedBcontroversialCinexhaustibleDremarkablehisexpenditureonholidaysandluxuriesisratherhighintohisincomeAcomparisonBproportionCassociationDcalculationAlthoughhehasbecomerich,heisstillveryofhismoneyAeconomicBthriftyCfrugalDcarefulAsthemanagerwasawayonabusinesstrip,IwasaskedtotheweeklystaffmeetingApresideBintroduceCchairDdominateTheofthewordisunknown,butitiscertainlynotfromGreekAoriginBgenerationCdescentDcauseThehookwasaworkofsuchthatittookyearstowriteAmagnitudeBextentCdegreeDamountThepolicehaveofferedalargeforinformationleadingtotherobber'sarrestAawardBcompensationCprizeDrewardIarrivedattheairportsolatethatImissedtheplaneAonlyBquiteCnarrowlyDseldomThepopularityofthefilmshowsthatthereviewers'fearswerecompletelyAunjustifiedBunjustCmisguidedDunacceptedTheheadoftheMuseumwasandletusactuallyexaminetheancientmanuscriptsApromisingBagreeingCpleasingDobligingThemultinationalcorporationwasmakingatakeoverforapropertycompanyAapplicationBbidCproposalDsuggestionwwwreapeducomPartIIReadingComprehension()Directions:Readthefollowingpassagesandthenchoosethebestanswer(fromA,B,CandD)tocompleteeachofthefollowingsentencesMarkyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheetPassageoneManyofthehomeelectricgoodswhichareadvertisedasliberatingthemodernwomantendtohavetheoppositeeffect,becausetheysimplychangethenatureofworkinsteadofeliminatingitMachineshaveacertainnoveltyvalue,liketoysforadultsItiscertainlylesstiringtoputclothesinawashingmachine,butthetimesaveddoesnotreallyamounttomuch:themachinehastobewatched,theclotheshavetobecarefullysortedoutfirst,stainsremovedbyhand,buttonspushedandwaterchanged,clothestakenout,airedandironedItwouldbemoreliberatingtopackitallofftoalaundryandnotnecessarilymoreexpensive,sincenocapitalinvestmentisrequiredSimilarly,ifyoureallywanttosavetimeyoudonotmakecakeswithanelectricmixer,youbuyoneinashopIfonecomparestheimageofthewomaninthewomen'smagazinewiththegoodsadvertisedbythoseperiodicals,onerealizeshowusefulaprojectedimagecanbecommerciallyAcarefulbalancehastobestruck:ifyoushowalaborsavingdevice,followitupwithacomplicatedrecipeonthenextpageonnoaccounthintatthenotionthatawomancouldgetherselfajob,butinsteadfosterhersenseofherownusefulness,emphasizingthecreativeaspectofherfunctionasahousewifeSowegetcakemixeswherethecooksimplyaddsaneggherself,toproducethatlovelyhomebakedflavorthefamilylove",andknittingpatternsthatcanbemadebyhand,orworsestill,onknittingmachines,whichbecametremendouslyfashionablewhentheywerefirstintroducedAutomaticcookersareadvertisedbypicturesofprettyyoungmotherstakingtheirchildrentothepark,notbyprofessionalwomenpresettingthedinnerbeforeleavinghomeforworkAccordingtothepassage,manyofthehomeelectricgoodswhicharesupposedtoliberatewomenAremoveunpleasantaspectsofhouseworkBsavethehousewifeverylittletimeCsavethehousewife'stimebutnothermoneyDhaveabsolutelynovalueforthehousewifeAccordingtothecontext,"capitalinvestment"referstomoneyAspentonawashingmachineBborrowedfromthebankCsavedinthebankDlenttootherpeople"Thegoodsadvertisedinwomen'smagazinesarereallymeanttoAfreehousewivesfromhouseworkBencouragehousewivestogoouttoworkCturnhousewivesintoexcellentcooksDgivethemafalsesenseoffulfillmentTheexampleofautomaticcookersintheendsupportsthatthehomeelectricgoodsAcompletelyliberatethemodemwomanBonlychangethenatureofworkwwwreapeducomCindeedeliminatethetediousworkDactuallyhavenoveltyvalueFromthispassage,wecaninferthatthewriterisaboutthehomeelectricgoodsforliberatingthemodemwomenAopponentBpessimisticChappyDconcernedPassagetwoThe"standardofliving"ofanycountrymeanstheaverageperson'sshareofthegoodsandserviceswhichthecountryproducesAcountry'sstandardofliving,therefore,dependsfirstandforemostonitscapacitytoproducewealth"Wealth"inthissenseisnotmoney,forwedonotliveonmoneybutonthingsthatmoneycanbuy:"goods"suchasfoodandclothing,and"services"suchastransportandentertainmentAcountry'scapacitytoproducewealthdependsuponmanyfactors,mostf)fwhichhaveaneffectononeanotherWealthdependstoagreatextentuponacountry'snaturalresources,suchascoal,gold,andotherminerals,watersupplyandsoonSomeregionsoftheworldarewellsuppliedwithcoalandminerals,andhaveafertilesoilandafavorableclimateotherregionspossessnoneofthemNexttonaturalresourcescomestheabilitytoturnthemtouseSomecountriesareperhapswelloffinnaturalresources,butsufferedformanyyearsfromcivilandexternalwars,andforthisandotherreasonshavebeenunabletodeveloptheirresourcesSoundandstablepoliticalconditions,andfreedomfromforeigninvasion,enableacountrytodevelopitsnaturalresourcespeacefullyandsteadily,andtoproducemorewealththananothercountryequallywellservedbynaturebutlesswellorderedAnotherimportantfactoristhetechnicalefficiencyofacountry'speopleIndustrializedcountriesthathavetrainednumerousskilledworkersandtechniciansarebetterplacedtoproducewealththancountrieswhoseworkersarelargelyunskilledAcountry'sstandardoflivingdoesnotonlydependuponthewealththatisproducedandconsumedwithinitsownborders,butalsouponwhatisindirectlyproducedthroughinternationaltradeForexample,Britain'swealthinfoodstuffsandotheragriculturalproductswouldbemuchlessifshehadtodependonlyonthosegrownathomeTrademakesitpossibleforhersurplusmanufacturedgoodstobetradedabroadfortheagriculturalproductsthatwouldotherwisebelackingAcountry'swealthis,therefore,muchinfluencedbyitsmanufacturingcapacity,providedthatothercountriescanbefoundreadytoacceptitsmanufacturesThestandardoflivinginacountryisdeterminedbyAitsgoodsandservicesBthetypeofwealthproducedChowwellitcancreatewealthDwhatanordinarypersoncanshareAcountry'scapacitytoproducewealthdependsonallthefactorsEXCEPTApeople'sshareofitsgoodsBpoliticalandsocialstabilityCqualitiesofitsworkersDuseofnaturalresourcesAccordingtothepassage,playanequallyimportantroleindeterminingacountry'sstandardoflivingAfarmproductsBindustrialgoodswwwreapeducomCfoodstuffsDexportimportThemanufacturingcapacitymaybeakeyfactortoahigherstandardoflivingwhenonecountryAhastradedhermanufactureBhasestablishedherwealthChasbeenanindustrializedoneDhasproducedsurplusmanufacturedgoodsPassagethreeHowwelookandhowweappeartoothersprobablyworriesusmorewhenweareinourteensorearlytwentiesthanatanyothertimeinourlifeFewofusarecontenttoacceptourselvesasweare,andfewarebraveenoughtoignorethetrendsoffashionMostfashionmagazinesorTVadvertisementstrytopersuadeusthatweshoulddressinacertainwayorbehaveinacertainmannerIfwedo,theytellus,wewillbeabletomeetnewpeoplewithconfidenceanddealwitheverysituationconfidentlyandwithoutembarrassmentChangingfashion,ofcourse,doesnotapplyjusttodressAbarbertodaydoesnotcutaboy'shairinthesamewayasheusedto,andgirlsdonotmakeupinthesamewayastheirmothersandgrandmothersdidTheadvertisersshowusthelatestfashionablestylesandweareconstantlyunderpressuretofollowthefashionincaseourfriendsthinkweareoddordullWhatcausesfashionstochangeSometimesconvenienceorpracticalnecessityorjustthefancyofaninfluentialpersoncanestablishafashionTakehats,forexampleIncoldclimates,earlybuildingwerecoldinside,sopeopleworehatsindoorsaswellasoutsideInrecenttimes,thelatePresidentKennedycausedadepressionintheAmericanhatindustrybynotwearinghats:moreAmericanmenfollowedhisexampleThereisalsoacyclicalpatterninfashionInthesinEuropeandAmerica,shortskirtsbecamefashionableMeterWorldWarII,theydroppedtoanklelengthThentheygotshorterandshorteruntiltheminiskirtwasinfashionMeterafewmoreyears,skirtsbecamelongeragainToday,societyismuchfreerandeasierthanitusedtobeItisnolongernecessarytodresslikeeveryoneelseWithinreason,youcandressasyoulikeordoyourhairthewayyoulikeinsteadofthewayyoushouldbecauseitisthefashionThepopularityofjeansandthe"untidy"lookseemstobeareactionagainsttheincreasinglyexpensivefashionsofthetopfashionhousesAtthesametime,appearanceisstillimportantincertaincircumstancesandthenwemustchooseourclothescarefullyItwouldbefoolishtogotoaninterviewforajobinalawfirmwearingjeansandasweateranditwouldbediscourteoustovisitsomedistinguishedscholarlookingasifweweregoingtothebeachoranightclubHowever,youneedneverfeeldepressedifyoudon'tlooklikethelatestfashionphotoLookaroundyouandyou'llseethatnooneelsedoeseither!TheauthorthinksthatpeopleareAsatisfiedwiththeirappearanceBconcernedaboutappearanceinoldageCfarfromneglectingwhatisinfashionwwwreapeducomDreluctanttofollowthetrendsinfashionFashionmagazinesandTVadvertisementsseemtolinkfashiontoAconfidenceinlifeBpersonaldressCindividualhairstyleDpersonalfutureAccordingtothepassage,changingfashionsreflectedinallofthefollowingaspectsEXCEPTAdressBmakeupChairstyleDbehaviorCausesoffashionsareAuniformBvariedCunknownDinexplicablePresentdaysocietyismuchfreerandeasierbecauseitemphasizesAuniformityBformalityCinformalityDindividualityWhichisthemainideaofthelastparagraphACareaboutappearanceinformalsituationsBFashioninformalandinformalsituationsCIgnoringappearanceininformalsituationsDIgnoringappearanceinallsituationsPassagefourMassivechangesinalloftheworld'sdeeplycherishedsportinghabitsareunderwayWhetherit'soneofLondon'sparksfullofpeopleplayingsoftball,andRussianstakinguprugby,ortheSuperbowlrivalingtheBritishFootballCupFinalasatelevisedspectatoreventinBritain,thepatternsofplayersandspectatorsarechangingbeyondrecognitionWearewitnessingaglobalizationofoursportingcultureThatannualbicyclerace,theTourdeFrance,muchlovedbytheFrenchisagoodcaseinpointJustafewyearsbackitwasastrictlycontinentalaffairwithFrance,BelgiumandHolland,SpainandItalytakingpartButinrecentyearsithasbeendominatedbyColombianmountainclimbers,andAmericanandIrishridersThepeoplewhoreallymatterwelcometheshifttowardglobalizationPeugeot,MichelinandPanasonicaremultinationalcorporationsthatwantworldwidereturnsforthemillionstheyinvestinteamsSoitdoesthemliterallyaworldofgoodtoseethisunofficialworldchampionshipbecomejustthatThisisundoubtedlyaneconomicbasedrevolutionwearewitnessinghere,onemadepossiblebycommunicationstechnology,butmadetohappenbecauseofmarketingconsiderationsSellthegameandyoucansellCocaColaorBudweiseraswellTheskilfulwayinwhichAmericanfootballhasbeensoldtoEuropeisagoodexampleofhowallsportswilldevelopTheaimofcourseisnotreallytospreadthesportforitsownsake,buttoincreasethenumberofpeopleinterestedinthemajormoneymakingeventsTheeconomicsoftheSuperbowlarealreadyastronomicalWithseatsatUS$,gatereceiptsalonewereastaggering$,,Themostimportantstatisticoftheday,however,wasthe$,,inTVadvertisingfeesImaginehowmuchthatbecomeswhentheeyesoftheworldarewatchingwwwreapeducom

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/12

人大考博英语2008

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利