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首页 托福-TPO全套听力文本

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托福-TPO全套听力文本

新东方批改网
2010-12-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《托福-TPO全套听力文本pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有TPO全套听力文本TPO–ListeningPartSectionConversationNarratorListentopartofaconversationbetweenastudentandalibrarianStudentHi,um…,IreallyhopeyoucanhelpmeLibrarianThat’swhyI’mhereWhatcanIdoforyouStudentI’msupposedtodoaliteraturereviewformypsychologycourse,butum…havingahardtimefindingarticlesIdon’tevenknowwheretostartlookingLibrarianYousaidthisisforyourpsychologycourse,rightSoyourfocusison…StudentDreamInterpretationLibrarianWell,youhaveafocus,sothat’salreadyagoodstartHmmm…well,there’reafewthings…ohwait…haveyoucheckedtoseeifyourprofessorputanymaterialforyoutolookatonreserveStudentAha,that’sonethingIdidknowtodoIjustcopiedanarticle,butIstillneedthreemoreonmytopicfromthreedifferentjournals在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有LibrarianLet’sgetyougoingonlookingforthosethenWehaveprintedversionsoftwentypsychologyjournalsintheReferenceSectionThesearetheonespublishedwithinthelastyearThenIthinkaboutit…there’sajournalnamedSleepandDreamStudentOh,yeah,thearticleIjustcopiedisfromthatjournal,soI’vegottolookatothersourcesLibrarianOk,actually,mostofourmaterialsareavailableelectronicallynowYoucanaccesspsychologydatabasesorelectronicjournalsandarticlesthroughthelibrary’scomputers,andifyouwanttosearchbytitlewiththeword‘dream’forexample,justtypeitinandallthearticleswith‘dream’inthetitlewillcomeuponthescreenStudentCool,that’sgreat!ToobadIcannotdothisfromhomeLibrarianButyoucanAllofthelibrary’sdatabasesandelectronicsourcescanbeaccessedthroughanycomputerconnectedtotheuniversitynetworkStudentReally!Ican’tbelieveIdidn’tknowthatItstillsoundslikeit’sgoingtotakeawhilethough,youknow,goingthroughallofthatinformation,allofthosesourcesLibrarianMaybe,butyoualreadynarrowyoursearchdowntoarticlesonDreamInterpretation,soitshouldn’tbetoobadAndyouprobablynoticethatthere’sanabstractorsummaryatthetopofthefirstpageofthearticleyoucopiedWhenyougointothedatabasesandelectronicsources,youhavetheoptiontodisplaytheabstractsonthecomputerscreen,skimmingthosetodecidewhetherornotyouwanttoreadthewholearticleshouldcutdownsometimeStudentRight,abstracts!They’lldefinitelymaketheprojectmoredurableIguessIshouldtryouttheelectronicsearchwhileI’mstillherethen,youknow,justincase在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有LibrarianSure,er…thatcomputer’sfreeoverthere,andI’llbeheretillfivethisafternoonStudentThanks,IfeelalotbetteraboutthisassignmentnowLectureNarratorListentopartofalectureinacontemporaryartclassProfessorOk,I’mgoingtobeginthislecturebygivingyouyournextassignmentRememberIsaidthatatsomepointduringthissemesterIwantedyoutoattendanexhibitattheFairyStreetGalleryandthenwriteaboutitWell,theexhibitthatIwantyoutoattendiscomingupIt’salreadystartedinfact,butit’llbeatthegalleryforthenextmonth,whichshouldgiveyouplentyoftimetocompletethisassignmentThenameoftheartistexhibitingthereisRoseFrantzenFrantzen’sworkmaybeunfamiliartoyousinceshe’sarelativelyyoungartistButshe’sgotaveryunusualstyle,comparedtosomeoftheartistswe’velookedatthistermButanyway,Frantzen’sstyleiswhatsheherselfcallsRealisticImpressionismSoyou’veprobablystudiedbothofthesemovementsseparately,separatemovements,RealismandImpressionism,insomeofyourarthistorycoursesSowhocanjustsumtheseupStudentWell,ImpressionismstartedinthelatethcenturyUm…thebasicimpressioniststylewasverydifferentfromearlierstylesItdidn’tdepictscenesormodelsexactlyastheylookedUm…Impressionistpainterstendedtoapplypaintreallythickly,andinbigbrushstrokes,sothetextureofthecanvaswasrough在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有ProfessorGoodWhatelseWhatwerethesubjectsStudentWell,alotofimpressionistartistspaintedeverydayscenes,likepeopleonthestreetsandincafes,lotsofnaturescenes,especiallylandscapesProfessorGoodSowhenyougototheexhibit,IreallywantyoutotakeacloselookatacertainpaintingIt’safarmsceneAndyouwillseeitrightasyouenterthegalleryThereasonIthinkthispaintingissoimportantisthatitstressestheimpressionistaspectofFrantzen’sstyleIt’sanoutdoorscene,aneverydaysceneIt’skindofbleak,whichyoucanreallyseethosebroadbrushstrokesandtheblurrylinesThecolorsaren’tquiterealisticTheskyiskindof,well,inanatural…pinkishyellowAndthefenceintheforegroundisblue,butsomehowtheoverallscenegivesanimpressionofacold,bleak,winterdayonafarmSothat’stheimpressionistsideofherworkOh,andspeakingaboutfarms,thatremindsmeOneinterestingthingIreadaboutFranztenisthatwhenshefirstmovedbacktoIowaafterlivingabroad,sheoftenvisitedthisplaceinhertowncalledtheSalesBarnAndtheSalesBarn,itwasbasicallythisplacewherethelocalfarmersboughtandsoldtheircattle,theirfarmanimalsAndthereasonFrantzenwentthere,andshelateronwouldvisitotherplaceslikedancehalls,wastoobservepeopleandthewaysthattheymovedShereallyfoundthatthishelpedherworkthatitgaveheranunderstandingofbodymovementsandactions,howhumansmove,andstandstill,whattheirpostureswerelike,tooSo,whataboutRealismWhataretheelementsofRealismweshouldbelookingforinFrantzen’sworkStudentUm…realhonestdepictionsofsubjectmatter,prettyunidealizedstuff,andprettyeverydaysubjectmatter,tooProfessorGoodOneotherpaintingIreallywantyoutolookatisofayoungwomansurroundedbypumpkinsYouwillnoticethatthewoman’sfaceissorealisticlookingthatit’salmostlikeaphotographThewoman’snoseisalittlelessthanperfectandherhairiskindofmessedupThisisrealismButthen,thebackgroundofthepainting,thiswomanwiththepumpkinsiswrapped在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有inablanketofbroadthickbrushstrokes,and,it’sallkindsofzigzaggingbrushstrokesandlines,kindofchaoticalmostwhenyoulookatitcloseAndtherearevibrantcolorsThere’slotsoforange,withlittlehintsofanelectricbluepeekingoutIfindFrantzentobeaveryaccessibleartistImean,someartists,toappreciatethem,youhavetoknowtheirlifestoryButhere’salittlebitaboutRoseFrantzen’slifeanywaySheattendedartschool,butwastoldbyoneofherinstructorsthatshewasnotgoodatillustration,thatsheshouldgointoadvertisinginsteadSoshetookadvertisingclassesandfineartsclassestoo,untilshewasconvincedbytheheadofanadvertisingagencythatherworkwasreallygood,thatshecouldbeanartistButofcourse,it’snotaseasyasthat,andsoFrantzenhadtopaintotherpeople’sportraitsatplaceslikeartfairsjusttomakemoneytobuypaintforhermoreseriesofartworkNomatterwhat,sheneverstoppedpaintingAndnow,FrantzenisdoingextremelywellAndherworkisbeingshownalloverthecountrySoIthinkmostofuswouldbediscouragedifwehadtofacechallengesanddifficultieslikethatButwhat’simportantisthatyoukeepatitthatyoudon’tgiveupThat’swhatisreallyimportanttorememberLectureNarratorListentopartofalectureinageologyclassProfessorOk,let’sgetstartedGreatTodayIwanttotalkaboutawayinwhichweareabletodeterminehowoldapieceofland,orsomeothergeologicfeatureisdatingtechniquesI’mgoingtotalkaboutaparticulardatingtechniqueWhyGooddatingisakeytogoodanalysisInotherwords,ifyouwanttoknowhowalandformationwasformed,thefirstthingyouprobablywanttoknowishowolditisIt’sfundamentalUm…TaketheGrandCanyonforinstanceNow,wegeologiststhoughtwehadaprettygoodideaofhowtheGrandCanyoninthesouthwesternUnitedStateswasformedWeknewthatitwasformedfromsandstonethatsolidifiedsomewherebetweenandmillionyearsagoBeforeitsolidified,itwasjustregularsandEssentiallyitwaspartofavastdesertAnduntiljustrecently,mostofusthoughtthesandhadcomefromanancientmountainrangefairlyclosebythatflattenedoutovertimeThat’sbeentheconventionalwisdomamonggeologistsforquitesome在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有timeButnowwe’velearnedsomethingdifferent,andquitesurprising,usingatechniquecalledUraniumLeadDatingIshouldsaythatUraniumLeadDatinghasbeenaroundforquiteawhileButtherehavebeensomerecentrefinementsIwillgetintothisinaminuteAnyway,UraniumLeadDatinghasproducedsomesurprisesTwogeologistsdiscoveredthatabouthalfofthesandfromtheGrandCanyonwasactuallyoncepartoftheAppalachianMountainsThat’sreallyeyeopeningnews,sincetheAppalachianMountainRangeis,ofcourse,thousandsofkilometerstotheeastoftheGrandCanyonSoundsprettyunbelievable,rightOfcourse,theobviousquestionishowdidthatsandendupsofarwestThetheoryisthathugeriversandwindcarriedthesandwestwhereitmixedinwiththesandthatwasalreadythereWell,thiswasaprettyrevolutionaryfindingUm…anditwasbasicallybecauseofUraniumLeadDatingWhyWell,aseveryoneinthisclassshouldknow,weusuallylookatthegraintypewithinsandstone,meaningtheactualparticlesinthesandstone,todeterminewhereitcamefromYoucandootherthingstoo,likelookatthewindorwaterthatbroughtthegrainstotheirlocationandfigureoutwhichwayitwasflowingButthat’sonlyusefuluptoapoint,andthat’snotwhatthesetwogeologistsdidUraniumLeadDatingallowedthemtogoaboutitinanentirelydifferentwayWhattheydidwas:theylookedatthegrainsofZirconinthesandstoneZirconisamaterialthatcontainsradioactiveUranium,whichmakesitveryusefulfordatingpurposesZirconstartsoffasmoltenmagma,thehotlarvafromvolcanoesThismagmathencrystallizesAndwhenZirconcrystallizes,theUraniuminsideitbeginstochangeintoLeadSoifyoumeasuretheamountofLeadintheZircongrain,youcanfigureoutwhenthegrainwasformedAfterthat,youcandeterminetheageofZirconfromdifferentmountainrangesOnceyoudothat,youcancomparetheageoftheZirconinthesandstoneinyoursampletotheageoftheZirconinthemountainsIftheageoftheZirconmatchestheageofoneofthemountainranges,thenitmeansthesandstoneactuallyusedtobepartofthatparticularmountainrangeIseverybodywithmeonthatGoodSo,inthiscase,UraniumLeadDatingwasusedtoestablishthathalfofthesandstoneinthesampleswasformedatthesametimethegraniteintheAppalachianMountainswasformedSobecauseofthis,thisnewwayofdoingUraniumLeadDating,we’vebeenabletodeterminethatoneofourmajorassumptionsabouttheGrandCanyonwaswrongLikeIsaidbefore,UraniumLeadDatinghasbeenwithusforawhileBut,um…untilrecently,inordertodoit,youreallyhadtostudymanyindividualgrainsAndittookalongtimebeforeyou在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有gotresultsItjustwasn’tveryefficientAnditwasn’tveryaccurateButtechnicaladvanceshavecutdownonthenumberofgrainsyouhavetostudy,soyougetyourresultsfasterSoI’llpredictthatUraniumLeadDatingisgoingtobecomeanincreasinglypopulardatingmethodThereareafewprettyexcitingpossibilitiesforUraniumLeadDatingHereisonethatcomestomindYouknowthetheorythatearth’scontinentswereoncejoinedtogetherandonlysplitapartrelativelyrecentlyWell,withUraniumLeadDating,wecouldprovethatmoreconclusivelyIftheyshowevidenceofoncehavingbeenjoined,thatcouldreallytellusalotabouttheearlyhistoryoftheplanet’sgeologySectionConversationNarratorListentopartofaconversationbetweenastudentandhisprofessorProfessorHiMathew,I’mgladyoucancomeintodayYou’vebeenobservingMrGrable’sthirdgradeclassforyourapproachestoeducationpaper,rightStudentHmmm,yesIgoovertheJohnsonElementarySchool,youknow,towatchMrGrableteachthechildreninclassIt’sbeenamazing,Imean,I’mjustlearningsomuchfromjustwatchinghimI’msogladtheclassroomobservationsarearequirementfortheeducationprogramImeanit’slikethebestthingevertoprepareyoutobeagoodteacherProfessor在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有Well,I’mgladtoseeyoufeelthatway,MathewYouknow,that’sthegoalSo,I’vebeenreadingoveryourobservationnotesandI’mquiteinterestedinwhat’sgoingon,inparticularwhat’stheastronomyunithe’sbeenteachingStudentTheastronomyunitProfessorItseemsthatMrGrablehasmasteredtheinterdisciplinaryapproachtoteachingthewaywe’vebeentalkingaboutinclassStudentOh!OK,yeah,solikewhenhewasteachingthemastronomy,hedidn'tjustteachthemthenamesoftheplanets,heuseditasawaytoteachmythologyProfessorReally!So,howdidhedothatStudentWell,someofthestudentscouldalreadynametheplanets,buttheydidn’tknowthatthenameshadanymeaningthestoriesbehindthemProfessorSo,he…StudentHeintroducedGreekandRomanmythologyasawayofexplainingLike,youknow,howlikeJupiter’sthebiggestplanet,right,andhowJupiterwasthenameofthekingofthegodsinRomanmythology,rightSosinceJupiter,theplanet,isthelargestplanetinoursolarsystem,it’slikethekingoftheplanets,likeJupiterwasthekingofallthegodsProfessorOh,Mathew,that’sagreatexample在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有StudentYeah!AndeachstudentchoseaplanetandthendidresearchonittowriteareportandmakeapresentationTheywenttothelibrarytodotheresearch,thentheymadepresentationsabouttheplanettheychoseProfessorSo,inonescienceunit,inwhichthefocuswasastronomy,thestudentsalsolearnedabouttheliteratureofGreekandRomanmythology,usedresearchskillsinthelibrary,wroteareportandpracticedtheiroralpresentationskillsStudentExactly!Heusedthisonetopictoteachthirdgradesallthatstuffhowtousethebooksinthelibrary,towritereports,andevenhowtospeakinpublicPlustheyhadagreattimedoingitProfessorYouknow,Mathew,thisisjustwhatwe’vebeentalkingaboutinourclassI’msureeveryonecanlearnsomethingfromyourexperienceYouknow,Mathew,I’dloveforyoutotalkaboutthisastronomyunitinclassonWednesdayStudentReally!Hmmm…‘causeIdon’treallythinkI’llhaveanytimetowritemypaperbythenProfessorOh,youwon’tneedtowriteanythingnewjustyetForWednesday,useyourclassobservationnotesandexplainthethingswe’vediscussedtodayStudentOk,thatsoundsallright在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有LectureNarratorListentopartofalectureinanarcheologyclassProfessorOK,we’vebeentalkingaboutearlyagricultureintheneareastSolet’sconcentrateononesiteandseewhatwecanlearnfromitLet’slookatCatalhoyukAh…I’dbetterwritethatdownCatalhoyuk,that’saboutascloseaswegetinEnglishIt’sTurkish,reallyThesitesinmoderndayTurkey,andwhoknowswhattheoriginalinhabitantscalleditAnyway,uh…Catalhoyukwasn’tthefirstagriculturalsettlementintheneareast,butitwasprettyearly,settledaboutyearsagointheNeolithicperiodAndummthesettlementahtownreally,lastedaboutathousandyearsandgrewtoasizeofabouteightortenthousandpeopleThatcertainlymakesitoneofthelargesttownsintheworldatthattimeOneofthethingsthatmakethesettlementofthissizeimpressiveisthetimeperiodIt’stheNeolithic,remember,thelateStoneAgeSothepeoplethatlivedtherehadonlystonetools,nometalsSoeverythingtheyaccomplished,likebuildingthistown,theydidwithjuststone,pluswood,bricks,thatsortofthingButyougottorememberthatitwasn’tjustanystonetheyhad,theyhadobsidianAndummobsidianisablack,volcanic,well,almostlikeglassItflakesverynicelyintoreallysharppointsThesharpesttoolsoftheentireStoneAgeweremadeofobsidianAndurrrthepeopleofCatalhoyukgottheirsfromfurtherinland,fromcentralTurkey,tradedforit,probablyAnyway,whatIwannafocusonisthewaythetownwasbuiltThehousesareallrectangular,onestoreymadeofsundriedbricksButwhat’sreallyinterestingisthattherearenospacesbetweenthem,nostreetsinotherwords,andsogenerallynodoorsonthehouseseitherPeoplewalkedaroundontheroofsandenteredthehousethroughahatchwayontheroof,downawoodenladderYoucanstillseethediagonalmarksoftheladdersintheplasterontheinsidewallsOnceyouwereinthehouse,therewouldbeonemainroomandacoupleofsmallroomsforstorageThemainroomhadthehearths,forcookingandforheatItwould’vebeenprettycoldduringthewintersAnditalsolooksliketheymadetheirtoolsnearthefireTheretendstobealotofobsidianflakesandchipsinthehearthashes,butnochimneyThesmokejustwentoutthesamehatchwaythatpeopleusedforgoinginandoutthemselvesSotherewouldhavebeenanopenfireinsidethehousewithonlyoneholeintherooftoletthesmokeoutYouandIwouldhavefounditabittoosmokyinthereYoucanseeonthewalls,whichtheyplasteredanddecoratedwithpaintingsTheyendedupwithalayerofblacksootonthem,andsodidpeople’slungsThebones在线批改作文、口语语法纠错、恶补制定计划考前模拟就立即来新东方批改网(wwwpigaicom)注册吧!让您的学习不再单调。本文来源于网络版权归作者所有foundinthegravesshowalayerofsootontheinsideoftheribsAndthat’sanotherunusualfeatureofCatalhoyuk,theburialsitesThegraveshaveallbeenfoundunderthehouses,rightunderthefloorsAnditmaybethisburialcustomthatexplainswhythehouseswerepackedinsotightlywithoutstreetsImean,youmightthinkitwasforprotectionorsomething,buttherehasbeennoevidencefoundyetofanyviolentattackthatwouldindicatethatkindofdangerItmaybetheywantedtoliveasnearaspossibletotheirancestors’gravesandbeburiednearthemthemselvesButitmakesagoodpointBasedonexcavations,wecanknowthelayoutofthehousesandthelocationofthegraves,butwe’reonlyguessingwhenwetriedtosaywhytheydiditthatwayThat’sthewayitiswitharcheologyYouaredealingwiththephysicalremainsthatpeopleleft

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