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首页 Wordsworth

Wordsworth.PPT

Wordsworth

vvyh
2010-12-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Wordsworthppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

WilliamWordsworth()LifeandCareerBorninthe“LakeRegion,”EducatedatCambridgeHisgeniuswasformedchieflybytheinfluenceofNatureHelivedthroughthestormandstressoftheFrenchRevolutionforoverayearLatergraduallychangedintoaconservativeinpoliticsMadeatriptoGermanywithColeridgeinandSettledatDoveCottageinGrasmere,WestmorelandMarriedMaryHutchinsoninNamedPoetLaureateinDoveCottageDoveCottageWilliamWordsworthWilliamWordsworthPointsofViewAradicaldemocratintheearlydays,attractedtotheslogansofliberty,equalityandfraternityAconservativeinpoliticsandreligioninhislateryearsHoldingacriticalattitudetowardsgovernmentandtheupperclassBeingstrongagainsttheindustrialization,thinkingitcausedmiseriesanddestroyedcountrylifeHavinggreatsympathyforthepoorandregardingthemasvictimsofthefortunehuntingcapitalistsHewasstronglyagainsttheneoclassicalpoetryAccordingtohim,goodpoetryis“thespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”arisingfrom“emotionrecollectedintranquility”HechangedthecourseofEnglishpoetrybyusingordinaryspeechofthelanguageandbyadvocatingareturntonatureWilliamWordsworthWilliamWordsworthMajorworksDescriptiveSketches,anEveningWalk()LyricalBallads()PoemsinTwoVolumes()TheExcursion()Prelude,orGrowthofaPoet’sMind()TheHouseoftheWordsworthsTheHouseoftheWordsworthsSpecialfeaturesApoetofnatureSensitivetoeverysubtlechangeintheworldaroundhimBestatthetruthfulpresentationofnatureFindingabundantbeautyinthecommonworld,bypenetratingtotheheartofthingsThecommonlifeistheonlysubjectofhisliteraryinterestThejoysandsorrowsofthecommonpeoplearehisthemesCitylifetendstoweakenandperverthumanityareturntonatureanditssimplewayoflifeistheonlyremedyforhumanwretchednessHeadvocatesareturntonatureHeusessimple,colloquiallanguageinpoetryTheLakeDistrictTheLakeDistrictLyricalBalladsThepublicationofLyricalBalladsrepresentedaturningpointforEnglishpoetryItisthelandmarkinEnglishliterature,foritstartedthemodernpoetry,thepoetryofthegrowinginnerselfPrefacetoLyricalBallads,"Theprincipalobject,then,proposedinthesePoemswastochooseincidentsandsituationsfromcommonlife"Describedin"aselectionoflanguagereallyusedbymen"Toallowa"certaincolouringofimagination,wherebyordinarythingsshouldbepresentedtothemindinanunusualaspect"Tomaketheseordinarythings"interestingbytracingtheprimarylawsofournature"truthTo"makeupacomplexfeelingofdelightwithpowerfuldescriptionsofthedeeperpassions"conveyingthesenseof"excitement"IwanderedlonelyasacloudThefoursixlinestanzasofthispoemfollowaquatraincoupletrhymescheme:ABABCCEachlineismeterediniambictetrameterTheplotisextremelysimple,depictingthepoet'swanderingandhisdiscoveryofafieldofdaffodilsbyalake,thememoryofwhichpleaseshimandcomfortshimwhenheislonely,bored,orrestlessacrowdofgoldendaffodilsacrowdofgoldendaffodilsAhostofgoldendaffodilsbesidethelakeAhostofgoldendaffodilsbesidethelakeWordsworthusesvariousnaturalphenomena,suchasclouds,daffodilsandwaves,asdevicestocharacterizehisspeaker’sdifferentstagesofemotionandfeelingThepoemdisclosestherelationshipbetweennatureandhumanbeings:hownaturecanaffectone’semotionandbehaviorwithitsmotionandsoundThispoemreflectshisdeeploveofnature,hisvisionofaunifiedworld,andhiscelebrationofthepowerofmemoryandimagination”ItmarkstheattainmentofabalanceandharmonyofmindwrestedfromthetensionbetweendaytimeawarenessandtheinfluencesofsubconsciousproclivitiesThepoemmightalsobeunderstoodasaquesttoovercometheriftbetweentheworldsofinnerandoutwardrealityTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeySheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysShedweltamongtheuntroddenways她住在人迹罕至的地方BesidethespringsofDove,就在多佛小溪旁liveneverbesteppedon泉waterSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysAMaidwhomtherewerenonetopraise无人曾将这少女称赞Andveryfewtolove也没几人把她放在心上。SheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysAvioletbyamossystone青苔石旁紫罗兰Halfhiddenfromtheeye!怀抱苔石半遮面!SheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysFairasastar,whenonlyone她美丽的像一棵孤星Isshininginthesky独自个儿在夜空中闪现。SheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysShelivedunknown,andfewcouldknow她活着无人知晓WhenLucyceasedtobe她死了没几人知道diedSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysSheDweltAmongtheUntroddenWaysButsheisinhergrave,and,oh,但她现在孤坟之中Thedifferencetome!对我就不同了。(李正栓译)ThereareimagesinthepoemOneisthe,theotherLucy’sbeautyistotheworldLucy’spersonalityischerishedbyAmanyBfewhalfhiddenvioletonestarshiningintheskyunknownfew,none,untrodden,unknownTherhymeschemeisabab,cdcd,efefWordsworth’sGraveWordsworth’sGrave“TheSolitaryReaper”“TheSolitaryReaper”(《孤独的刈麦女》,)BackgroundBackgroundmemorialofatourinScotland,inaninspirationfromThomasWilkinson’smanuscript“TourinScotland”MeterandRhymeMeterandRhyme♫fouroctaves八行(体)诗十四行诗的前八行ofiambictetrameter四音步诗句♫rimescheme:ababccddExplicationamelancholystrain:asadtunevaleprofound:deepvalleymetaphor:songtheoverflowingliquid屏息听吧!深广的谷地  已被歌声涨满而漫溢!屏息听吧!深广的谷地  已被歌声涨满而漫溢!Stanza:AnImageofaSolitaryReaper♣imagery(意象)visualandauditoryimageTheSolitaryReaper孤独的割麦女goldenfield金色的田野wavesofgrain麦浪她独自把麦子割了又捆 唱出无限悲凉的歌声她独自把麦子割了又捆 唱出无限悲凉的歌声chaunt:singshadyhaunt:oasis(绿洲)inthedesertHebrides:赫布利底群岛Hebrides(声音袅袅,思绪远方)Hebrides(声音袅袅,思绪远方)Stanza:TheEffectofHerSong(歌声之感染力)Stanza:TheEffectofHerSong(歌声之感染力)♣Comparison:thesongofthenightingalethecryofthecuckoobird荒凉的沙漠里夜莺清脆的鸣啭这无异于一杯甘露oasis(绿洲)“杜宇一声划破春晓”“杜宇一声划破春晓”Stanza:TheGrowthoftheMind(情感的波折)Stanza:TheGrowthoftheMind(情感的波折)plaintivenumber:mournfulsongthings:eventshumblelay:lyricalornarrativepoemnatural:ordinaryHumbleLayHumbleLayStanza:EchoandMeditationStanza:EchoandMeditationlostinthinkingaftersound余音有古诗云:“一弹再三叹感慨有余哀”。“清风吹歌入空去歌曲自绕行云飞”

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