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首页 新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案1-10单元(第二版).doc

新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案1-10单元(第二版).doc.doc

新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案1-10单…

lwran
2010-11-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案1-10单元(第二版).docdoc》,可适用于高等教育领域

Uint新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案UintIIBasicListeningPracticeScriptW:OkIt’syourturntopaythebillIpaidlasttimeM:WhatYouhaveaselectivememoryYoutriedtopaylastturn,butyourcreditcardfailedsoIendeduppaying!It’sdefinitelyyourturnQ:WhatistrueaccordingtotheconversationScriptM:I’mhavingrealtroublereviewingforthisFrenchexamIjustcan’tmemorizeallthevocabularyW:MetooIhatehavingtolearnthingsbyheartIguesswejusthavetokeepreadingthetextsoverandoverQ:WhatdoesthewomanpreferScriptW:Ohlook!There’sthatguywesawlastweek,playingfootballinthepark!Helookedgreatinhiskit,rememberM:HimIdon’trememberhimI’vegotaterriblememoryforfacesIhaveahardtimeevenrecordingpeopleI’vebeenintroducedtoQ:Accordingtotheconversation,whatistheman’sproblemScriptM:Whyisthereabigsignonthebackofyourdoorthatsays“keys”W:It’storemindmetotakemykeyswhenIgooutbecauseI’malwayslockingmyselfoutbyaccident!Itdoesn’thelpenoughNowIjustforgettoreadthesignQ:WhyisthereasignonthebackofthedoorScriptM:ThathistoryexamwasreallyhardTheessayquestionwasterrible!W:Iknow,IwishIwerelikeDavidHehasaphotographicmemory,youknowHowusefulthatwouldbe!Q:WhatistrueofDavidKeys:CDABCIIIListeningInScriptM:TellmeyoursecretYou’resuddenlygettingexcellentmarksineverysubject,andyouusedtobeabottomof–classstudentjustlikemeW:SimpleenoughIreadanarticleinascientificjournalthatstudyingwithremembering,basedonrecentresearchintothebrainM:Aw,thatstuff’soldhat:studyatthesametimeeveryday,besureyourclothesarecomfortable,andmakesureyouhaveenoughlight,blahblahblahW:Notsofast,wiseguyI’mtalkingaboutprincipleslike“MentalVisualization”,creatingapictureinyourmindofwhatistoberememberedM:Ok,thatdiessounddifferentId“Association”aprincipleyouknow,youconnectwhatyouwanttorememberwithsomethingyou’refamiliarwithW:Righton!‘Consolidation”isanotherIreviewmynotesrightafterclassandconsolidateorabsorbthenewmaterialintowhatI’vealreadylearnedM:You’removingaheadfastwiththoseprinciplesIswearthisweekendI’mgoingtostudysixteenhoursadaybothSaturdayandSundayW:Whoa,bigguyThat’snotthewayFollowtheprincipleof“DistributesPractice”ShorterstudysessionsdistributesoverseveraldaysarebetterM:Thatsystemisallverywellforyouyou’vegotagoodmemoryButwhataboutmeI’vegotamemorylikeasieveW:You’retoomodestThere’snothingwrongwithyourmemoryButmemoryislikeamuscleitneedsexerciseAnddon’tforgetitWhilethemaniswonderingwhythewomanissuddenlygettingexcellentmarks,shesaysshereadanarticleonstudyingandrememberingIttalksaboutprincipleslike“MentalVisualization”,thatis,creatingapictureinone’smindofwhatistoberememberedThisremindsthemanoftheprincipleof“Association”,whichmeansconnectingwhatonewantstorememberwithsomethingoneisfamiliarwithThenthewomanaddstheprincipleof“Consolidation”,orreviewingone’snotesafterclassandabsorbingthenewmaterialintowhatonehasalreadylearnedWhenthemanpromisetostudysixteenhoursaday,thewomanrecommendstheprincipleof“DistributedPractice”,whichfavorsshorterstudysessionsdistributedoverseveraldaysFinally,thewomantellsthemanthatmemoryislikeamuscle,andthatitneedsexerciseTask:Youforgetmytoast!ScriptAnyearoldcouplewashavingproblemsrememberingthings,sotheydecidetogototheirdoctortoseewhatwaswrongwiththemTheyexplainedtothedoctorabouttheproblemstheywerehavingwiththeirmemoryAftercheckingthecoupleover,thedoctortoldthemthattheywerephysicallyokaybutmightneedtostartwritingthingsdowntohelpthemrememberThecouplethankedthedoctorandleftLaterthatnightwhilewatchingTV,theoldwomansaidtotheoldman,“Honey,willyoupleasegotothekitchenandgetmeadishoficecream”Beforethemanleft,sheadded,“Whydon’tyouwritethatdownsoyouwon’tforget”“Nonsense,”saidthehusband,“Icanrememberadishoficecream!”“Well,”saidthewife,“I’dlikesomestrawberriesonitYou’dbetterwritethatdownbecauseIknowyourmemoryisfailing”“Don’tbesilly,”repliedthehusband“There’reonlytwothings:adishoficecreamandsomestrawberriesIcansurelyrememberthat!”Withthat,herushedintothekitchenAfterabouttwentyminuteshereturnedfromthekitchenandhandedheraplateofbaconandeggsThewifetookonelookattheplate,glancedupatherhusband,andsaid,“Hey,youforgetthetoast!”Keys:FTFFFTask:MemoryImprovingTechniquesScriptTherearemanytechniquesyoucanusetoimproveyourmemorySomeofthemareintroducedherFirstandforemost,youneedtostimulateyourmemoryallthetimeToputitsimply,youshoulduseyourmemoryasmuchaspossibleItisespeciallyimportanttotrytolearnsomethingnewIfyouworkinanoffice,learntodanceifyouareadancer,learntodealwithacomputer,ifyouworkwithsales,andlearntoplaychessifyouareaprogrammer,learntopaintTheseaddedactivitiesstimulatethebrainsothatItcontinuestofunctionOlderpeopleneedtopayattentiontothingstheyaredealingwithDon’ttrytomemorizeeverythingthatcatchesyourattentionfocusonwhatyouconsiderimportantForexample,youcantakeanyobjectsuchasapenandconcentrateonitThinkonitsvariouscharacteristics:itsmaterial,itsfunction,itscolor,andsoonDon’tallowanyotherthoughttooccupyyourmindwhileyouareconcentratinginthatpenAnothermethodthatcanbeusedistorelaxyourselfItisimpossibletorememberthingsifyouaretenseornervousSo,tryholdingyourbreathfortenseconds,andthenreleaseitslowlyAssociationisalsoapowerfultooltodevelopyourmemoryForexample,ifyoucannotrememberaperson’sname,youcanthinkaboutaspecialfeatureofhisfaceandthenlinkitwithhismaneWhat’sseemstobeanespeciallyimportantwaytostimulateone’smemoryWhatseemstobethebestwaytofocusyourmemoryHowcanyouconcentrateonapenHowcanyourelaxyourselfaccordingtothepassageWhatisthemainideaofthepassageKes:ACDBDIVSpeakingOutMODELItslippedmymind!Amy:IsentouttheinvitationstothedinnerpartyBill:That’sgoodNowwhatshouldwedoAmy:We’vegottoplanthemenuBill:Oh,that’srightDoyouhaveanythinginmindAmy:IthinkI’mgoingtomakethechickensaladwehadattheChristmaspartyRememberIsledthecheffortherecipeBill:Yeah,butdidyouforgetthatLindadoesn’teatchickenAmy:LindaOh,mygosh!IforgottoinviteLinda!ItjustslippedmymindShe’llbemadatmeBill:Well,everyoneforgetssomethingsometimesIt’snottoolateyetI’llmakeaphonecallDon’tworryAmy:Thanks!Yousee,I’mgettingforgetfulIthinkI’mgettingold!Bill:Lookslikeyouare,sweetheartNowYourTurnSAMPLEDIALOGA:I’mgoingtothrowaparty,andI’vesentouttheinvitationstomyfriendsandrelativesB:That’sgoodButdon’tforgettoinviteeveryoneyoushouldinviteA:IthinkI’veinvitedeveryoneDoyouhaveanybodyinmindB:DidyouinviteJohnHe’slosthisjobafterrecentquarrelwithhisbossA:Oh,mygosh!Iforgottoinvitehim!He’llbesad,thinkingwelookdownonhimHejustslippedmymindB:Well,everyoneforgetssomethingsometimesDon’tworryIt’snottoolateMakeaphonecallrightawayA:DidIforgetanybodyelsethatIshouldinciteB:There’syetanotherpersonyoushouldinviteJuliaShe’sjustmovedtothecityandfeelslonelyA:Oh,goodheavens,IforgotallaboutherShe’sournewfriendYousee,I’mgettingforgetfulIthinkI’mgettingold!B:Lookslikeyouare,buddyYou’dbetterstartwritingthingsdownifthey’reimportantMODELIcan’tthinkofitoffthetopofmyheadScriptJohn:Hey,SueDoyouknowwhatJack’shomephonenumberisSusan:Ican’tthinkofitoffthetopofmyheadIdon’thavemyaddressbookonme,andIdon’thavemymobilephonewithme,eitherJohn:That’stoobad!I’vegottofindhimnowIt’surgent!IfIcan’tfindhimtoday,I’llbedead!Susan:YoumightwanttolookitupinthephonebookJohn:I’vecheckedalready,butitseemsthathidphonenumberisunlistedSusan:Maybeit’sunderhisroommate’snameJohn:Well,IguesssoSusan:Well,whydon’tyoucallJaneShehashisphonenumberJohn:I’vetried,butnooneanswered!Susan:MaybecallhisofficeandaskhissecretaryJohn:I’vealreadytriedShewon’ttellmeShesaysit’sprivateSusan:Oh,that’srightTheyusuallydon’treleaseprivateinformationoverthephoneJohn:It’sapityYouusuallyhaveapowerfulmemory,butyoucan’thelptodayWhat’swrongwithyouYourmemoryseemstobefadingearlySusan:It’snotmymemoryisfadingIdohavememoryforfaceandnames,butapooronefornumberanddatesNowYourTurnSAMPLEDIALOGA:Hey,doyourememberwhenisthelectureonthevalueofinformationbyProfessorSmithB:Ican’tthinkofitoffthetopofmyheadMaybewecanlookitupinournotebook,butIdon’thaveminewithmeA:That’stoobas!Idon’thaveitwithme,eitherDoyourememberthenumberofthelecturehailB:Sorry,Ican’tthinkofitoffmyheadA:I’mterriblyinterestedinthelectureIcan’tmissit!B:Well,whydon’tyoucallthedeanwhoarrangedthelectureA:I’mafraidit’snotverywisetoaskthedeandirectlyB:ThenmaybeyoucancalltheofficeifthedepartmentandaskthesecretaryA:I’vealreadytried,butnooneansweredB:Oh!A:Youusuallyhaveapowerfulmemory,butyoucan’thelptodayYoumemoryseemstobefadingearlyB:It’snitthatmymemoryisfadingIdohaveagoodmemoryforfacesandnames,butapooronefornumbersanddatesMODELWhat’swrongwithyourmemoryScriptBill:Hi,honey!MytriptoLondonwaswonderfulAmy:TellmewhatthrilledyoumostThetelephoneringsandBillanswersitHehangsupBill:Er,wherewasIAmy:YouweretalkingaboutyourtourinLondonBill:Oh,yeahAmy:IbetyouhadagreattimeBill:Yes,IparticularlyenjoyedvisitingthetowerofLondonAmy:HowdidyougetthereBybusorundergroundBill:Letmesee…Sorry,Ican’trememberanymoreAmy:What’swrongwithyourmemoryBill:Ihopeit’snotAlzheimer’sdiseaseIdon’twanttoforgetmyownnameAmy:Idon’tthinksoPerhapsit’sjusttemporaryforgetfulnessYou’llberightafteragoodsleepBill:IhopesoButasthisishappeningsooftenrecently,IthinkImustgotoseeadoctorandgetsomepillsAmy:It’snotasserousasthatAnyway,Iwishyouhadagoodmemoryforhappyevents,andabadoneforunhappythingsNowYourTurnSAMPLEDIALOGA:Hey,mytriptoBeijingwasfantasticB:TellmewhatthrilledyoumostThedoorbellringsandAanswerit…AcomesbackA:WherewasIB:YouweretalkingaboutyourtourinBeijingA:Oh,yeahB:IbetyouhadagreattimeA:Yes,IparticularlyenjoyedvisitingtheForbiddenCityandtheGreatWall,thoughtheadmissionfeeswereabittoohighformeB:WhatwerethefeesA:Letmesee…Sorry,Ican’trememberanymoreB:What’swrongwithyourmemoryA:Ihopeit’snotAlzheimer’sdiseaseIdon’twanttoseealotofnewpeopleeverydayB:Idon’tthinksoPerhapsyouonlyforgetthingsmomentarilyYou’llberightafteragoodsleepA:IhopesoButasthisishappeningsooftenrecently,IthinkIhavetoseeadoctorB:Idon’tthinkit’ssoseriousAnyway,abadmemoryhelpsyouforgetyourtroubleVLet’sTalkScriptStudent:Professor,thankyouforgrainingmethisinterviewI’mSusan,areporterfromtheStudentUnionmagazineManystudentshavedifficultlymemorizingthingsSinceyou‘reanoutstandingpsychologist,couldyougiveussometipsonhowtopimproveourmemoryProfessor:Well,somepeoplehavebettermemoriesthanothers,butthat’slargelybecausetheyarebetteratcreatingmentalimagesStudent:IfI’mnotgoodatcreatingimages,whatcanIdoProfessor:PracticehelpsAndthemindremembersthingsbetteriftheyareconnectedwithotherimagesForexample,Iyouhavetopickupseveralitemsatthegrocerystore,say,carrots,egg,bananas,andmilk,youcancreateapictureinyourmindofagiantcarrot,andhangingfromit,abananaStudent:ThenIcouldhaveagiantmilkcartonpouringmilkoverthecarrotandbananaProfessor:CertainlyThenwhatwouldyoudowiththeeggStudent:HmmmI’dvisualizeaneggshapedUFOflyingacrosstheskyProfessor:ThereyougoThemoreyouapplytheideas,theeasieritgetsBesidescreatingpictures,there’sanothertechniquethatisveryusefulStudent:WhatisitProfessor:EstablishinganassociationSupposeyouarelookingforlostkeysRelax,andletyourmindlookforalltheimagesconnectedwiththosekeystheirfeel,thesoundstheymakeStudent:HowwillthathelpProfessor:YoumightrememberthesoundthekeysmadewhenyouplacedtheninadrawerorcoldtouchofthekeysinyourjacketwereyouleftthemStudent:Ohmygosh!IhavetorunIt’stimemyEnglishclassIseeanimageofmyteacherstaringatmyemptyseatintheclassroomManythanks,ProfessorProfessor:Notatall,andgoodluckwithyourmemoryWaysofImprovingOne’sMemoryExamplesCreatingimagesToremembertheitemstobuysatthegrocerystoresuchascarrots,eggs,bananas,andmilkImagesthatyoumayhelp:agiantcarrotandabananahangingfromitagiantmilkcartonpouringmilkoverthecarrotandbananaaneggshapedUFOflyingacrosstheskyEstablishingassociationsTofindyourlostkeysAssociationswithsoundtouchthatmayhelp:ThesoundofthekeysmightremindyouofyhavingplacedtheninadrawerThecoldtouchofthekeysmightremindyouoftheminyourjacketDiscussionSAMPLEA:Aswejustheardfromtheinterview,thetechniqueofassociatingcertainlyimportantinpromotingmemoryB:Andaccordingtotheinterview,creatingimageshelpsrememberthingsIfyourshoppinglistincludeseggs,youmightvisualizeaneggoraneggshapedUFOflyingacrossA:AnotherimportantfactorinimprovingmemorycanbeofinterestIfyougetinterestedinsomething,youcanrememberitbetterB:YeahAndifyourecognizefactsintomeaningfulgroups,youcanrememberthembetterForinstance,ifyouwanttomemorizeallthenamesofAmericanpresidents,itisnoteasyIf,however,youarrangethemchronologicallyintothreeperiods:thosebeforeAbrahamLincoln,thosebetweenAbrahamLincolnandFranklinRoosevelt,andthoseafter,thenthetaskwillbelessdifficultA:Itiscommonsensethatifyouglanceatsomethingquickly,youtendtoforgetitquicklyIfyoustuffyitslowly,youcanrememberitbetterB:AnothertechniqueisintensivepracticeorrepeatingAsasayinggoes,practicemakesperfectIfyourepeatsomethingagainandagain,youwilleventuallylearnitbyheartA:ButweshouldnotworktoohardWhenwegettired,ourlearningefficiencydeclinesWeneedbreakssothemindcanrestandabsorbwhathasbeenlearnedVIFurtherListeningandSpeakingTask:TheRoleMemoryPlaysinOurLifeScriptSincememoryplaysasignificantroleinourlife,scrientistsareincreasinglyinterestedinresearchonhowtoimprovermemory,HerearesomefactorstheybelievetobeimportanttoexpandingmemorycapacityTobeginwith,youmusttakespecialcareinyourdailylifeFoodforexample,isveryimportantSomevitaminsareessentialfoeyourmemorytoworkproperlyTheyarefoundinbread,cereal,vegetablesandfruitsSomeexpertssaythatsynthesizesvitaminsimprovememory,butothershavedoubtsaboutthis,arguingthatthestudieshavenotconfirmedtheydoworkAnotheressentialfactoriswaterIthelpstomaintainthememorysystems,especiallyinolderpersonsAccordingtoDrRoswell,lackofwaterinthebodyhasanimmediateandstrongeffectonmemoryitcancauseconfusionandotherthoughtdifficultiesSleepalsoplaysasignificantroleTobeabletohaveagoofmemory,wemustallowthebraintohaveplentyofrestWhilesleeping,thebrainnolongercontrolsthesenses,andstartstoreviseandstoretheinformationonehasreceivesLackofsleepwouldmakeonefeelexhaustedandwouldweakenone’sabilitytoconcentrateAlso,one’abilitytostoreinformationwouldbeaffectedWhatisthepassagemainlyaboutWhyarefoodsimportantinpromotingmemoryaccordingtothepassageTowhomiswaterespeciallyimportantinmaintainingthememorysystemWhatproblemcanalackofwatercauseWhyissleepimportanttomemoryKeys:ABDDCTask:WheredidtheprofessorgoScriptThisisatruestory,whilehappenedtofriendsofoursinasmalltowninSouthAfricaTheywereahospitablecouplewhooftenentertainedtheirneighborsfordrinks,teaordinnerOnthisparticularspringnight,theyhaveinvitedaretiredprofessortosuperDuringtheevening,itbegantopourwithrain,andtheheavensreallyopenedBecausehehadwalkedthere,theyofferedtoputhimupforthenightTheypointedoutthatbystayingovernight,hedidnotneedtogotooutinthebadweatherHeagreedonthesoundnessofthatidea,thankedhishostsprofusely,andthematterseemedtobesettledButwhiletheywerewashingthedishesaftersupper,theforgetfulprofessordisappearedNoonecouldfindhimanywhereEventually,afterminutes,thefrontdoorbellrangTherewastheprofessor,soakedtotheskinWhenhewasaskedwhatonearthhehasbeendongintherain,herepliedthatbecausehewasgoingtostaythereovernight,hehadgonehometogethispajamasandtoothbrushTask:HowtoRememberNamesScriptYoujustcalledtheTVrepairshop,andthevoiceontheotherendofthelinetellsyou,“ThisisDonSmith”Aboutminuteslateryoutellyourwifethat“thisguy”willbeouttofixtheTVinthemorningYoucan’tthinkofhismanealthoughyouknowhementioneditonthephoneThishappensallthetimetojustaboutanyofusunlesswehavelearnedtoconcentrateandimplantanameinourmemory,rightatthetimewehearitTodothis,youmustmakeahabitofrepeatingthenamebacktothepersonThisactionwillremindyoutostorethenameinyour“memorybank”eachtimeyouhearsomeone’sname,andwithinashorttimethe“repeating”processcanbediscontinuedWhenyoumeetsomeoneinperson,usethesameprocedure,andinaddition,visualizesomethingdifferent,unusualorridiculousabouthidorherappearance,position,oractionsthat“tiesin“withhisorhernameLater,youmaywritethedescriptiveinformationononesideofacardandthenameintheothersideLookatitrepeatedly,seethe“picture”inyourmind’seyeasyoulookatthenameorwhenyouseehename,visualizethe“picture”youhaveassignedtothenameGettingthissystemtoworkwillrequirechangesinyourthinking,anditmaytakeseveraldaysorseveralweekstobecomeproficientNewsReportADolphinExhibitionScriptArecentartexhibitioninFloridahonoredtheanimaloftenseenasman’smostintelligentfriend,thedolphinThe“DolphinsonParade”exhibitionintheFloridaKeysfeaturedlifesizeddecoratesdolphinpaintingsmadeofwoodandthecostofm

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新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册听力练习录音文本和答案1-10单元(第二版).doc

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