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首页 NO.1 International Investment Law.ppt

NO.1 International Investment Law.ppt

NO.1 International Investment L…

上传者: lhxy88688 2010-11-06 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《NO.1 International Investment Lawppt》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含InternationalInvestmentLawInternationalInvestmentLawGroupmembers:邓娟廖丹胡帆影Th符等。

InternationalInvestmentLawInternationalInvestmentLawGroupmembers:邓娟廖丹胡帆影TheDefinitionofInternationalInvestmentTheDefinitionofInternationalInvestment国际投资(internationalinvestment),亦称跨国投资(transnationalinvestment),最一般的意义是资本的跨国流动。从东道国的角度称为外国投资或外来投资(foreigninvestment)。广义的国际投资包括国际直接投资(internationaldirectinvestment)与国际间接投资(internationalindirectinvestmentorportfolioinvestment)。国际直接投资与国际间接投资的主要区别是:前者一般限于私人(包括法人、自然人)其投资者直接或间接控制其投资企业的经营活动而后者的投资者有私人、政府和国际金融组织并且他们并没有直接或间接控制其投资企业的经营活动。ForeignDirectInvestmentForeignDirectInvestmentFDIisaflowoflongtermcapitalbasedonlongtermprofitconsiderationsandisassociatedwithasignificantdegreeofinfluenceorcontrolbytheinvestorinthemanagementoftheenterpriseLet’slookatacaseabouttheMA(跨国并购)ThemajorwaysofinternationalinvestmentThemajorwaysofinternationalinvestmentInternationalCreditIssueInternationalbondEstablishForeignCapitalenterprises、EquityJointVenturesandContractualJointVenturesinforeigncountriesAcquireforeigncompaniesInternationaltechnologytransferOthersReasonsforEstablishingaForeignInvestmentReasonsforEstablishingaForeignInvestmentForeigninvestmentsareinitiatedformanydifferentreasons()Itisthenaturalsuccessiontoasuccessfulperiodofincreasingexportsalestoaforeignnation,whenthecompanybelievestheforeignmarketissufficientlylargetojustifyforeignproduction()Themultinationalcompanymaydisliketransferringtechnologytoacompanyownedbyanotherforeignparty()Theframeworkoflawsandpoliciesoftheforeigngovernmentrequirelocalproduction()TheforeigninvestorestablishesajointventureTheDefinitionoftheinternationalinvestmentlawsTheDefinitionoftheinternationalinvestmentlawsTheinternationalinvestmentlawsaretheregulationsthatregulatetheinternationalprivatedirectinvestrelationshipsamongthestates、organsandpersonsItsfeaturesofinternationalinvestmentlawsareasfollows::internationalinvestmentlawregulatestheinternationalprivateinvestmentofthelawsSometimesthegovernmentoftheactionsoftheinvestmentinvolvestheinternationalinvestment:internationalinvestmentlawregulatestheinternationalprivatedirectinvestrelationships,exclusiveoftheinternationalprivateindirectinvestrelationships:theinternationalinvestmentlawsincludeasthedomesticandinternationalinvestmentlawsThesystemoftheinternationalinvestmentlawsThesystemoftheinternationalinvestmentlawsThelegalsystemoftheinternationalinvestmentoflawsisthecomprehensivelawssystemincludingthedomesticlawsandtheinternationallawssystemInthedomesticlaws,legallawsofdomesticlawsconsistofthetwoaspects:exportstatelaws(资本输出国的海外投资法律)andimportstatelaws(资本输入国的外国投资法律)Inthesectionoftheinternationallaws,theinternationaltreatiesandcustomary,especialthebilateralinvestmenttreaties(BITs)andmultilateralagreementsoninvestment(MAI),areveryimportantofthelaws资本输入国的外国投资法国内法资本输出国的海外投资法国际投资法双边条约国际法区域性、世界性多边条约国际惯例(ICSID、MIGA、TRIMs)外国投资法的基本内容外国投资法的基本内容()对外国投资的审批(准入)()财政及税收优惠:发展中国家往往订立适用于外资企业的专门税法()资本和利润的汇出:发达国家多自由汇兑发展中国家一般有汇出限制()对投资范围和投资比例的限制()外国投资者的地位及待遇:发达国家多国民待遇标准发展中国家多最惠国待遇标准()国有化及补偿:发达国家主张“充分、及时、有效”发展中国家坚持“合理的”或“适当的”补偿标准()外国投资争端的解决海外投资法海外投资法资本输出国的海外投资法律制度主要包括两个方面:一是投资保护二是投资鼓励并重在前者。海外投资保险制度又称海外投资保证制度是国际投资保护的重要法律制度是资本输出国政府为了鼓励本国资本向海外投资增强本国的国际竞争地位而对本国海外私人投资的政治风险提供法律保证的制度。ForeignInvestmentLawinChinaForeignInvestmentLawinChinaCatalogueforGuidanceofForeignInvestmentIndustriesForeigninvestmentprojectsshallbeclassifiedintothreecategories,andthecontentsshallberevisedintimeaccordingtothecountry’seconomyandtechnology:EncouragedForeignInvestmentProjects(鼓励类)RestrictedForeignInvestmentProjects(限制类)ProhibitedForeignInvestmentProjects(禁止类)LawofthePRConChineseForeignContractualJointVenturesLawofthePRConChineseForeignEquityJointVenturesLawofthePRConForeignCapitalEnterprisesProvisionalRegulationsonCertainIssuesConcerningtheEstablishmentofCompaniesLimitedbyShareswithForeignInvestmentChineseforeignequityjointventureChineseforeignequityjointventureAnequityjointventureisapartnershipbetweenanoverseasandaChineseeconomicorganizations,companyenterpriseorfinancialorganizationsapprovedbytheChinesegovernmentCompaniesinanequityjointventuresharebothmutualrewardsandrisksTheLegalcharacteristics:Jointlyestablished,operatedProfits,losses,andrisksshouldbesharedinproportiontotheirrespectivesharesintheregisteredcapitalForeigninvestmentproportionshouldbenolessthanoftheregisteredcapitalInvestmentcantaketheformofcash,building,workshop,machinery,patent,trademark,utilitymodelandsoonProfitscanberemitoutorreinvestinChinaChineseforeigncontractualjointventureChineseforeigncontractualjointventureAsthenamegoes,thistypeofjointventureisrathersimilartoaequityjointventurebutinacontractualformBeforethejointventure,allliabilities,rightsandresponsibilitiesareagreeduponacontractthusthepartiesinvolvewillnegotiatetheformofadministrationandprofitdivisionContractualisdifferentfromequityjointventurebecauseprofitsharingisnotbasedonratioofinvestmentbutaccordingtoformofinvestmentaspercontractTheLegalcharacteristics:Jointlyestablished,operatedEverythingsettledbycontract:rightsandobligations,incomedistributionDifferenceDifferenceThemajordifferencebetweenanequityjointventureandacontractualjointventureasmeansinChinamarketentryisthatthelatterneithernecessarilycalculatestheinvestmentintheformofunifiedcurrencynordistributesprofitinproportiontotheirshare,butshareprofitaccordingtotheformofinvestmentandtheratioofprofitsharingasperthecontractForeigncapitalenterpriseForeigncapitalenterpriseForeigncapitalenterprisesrefertoenterprisesestablishedinChinabyforeigninvestors,exclusivelywiththeirowncapital,accordingtoLawofthePRConforeigncapitalenterprisesItdoesnotincludebranchessetupinChinabyforeignenterprisesandotherforeigneconomicorganizationsTherefore,theformationofawhollyforeignownedenterprisemustbewithcapitalcomingonlyfromoutsideChinaandwithoutanycoinvestmentbyChineseentities

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