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首页 影视佳作与英美文学

影视佳作与英美文学.doc

影视佳作与英美文学

罗罗鸟 2010-11-06 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《影视佳作与英美文学doc》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含UnitHamletTheplayissetinElsinoreHamlet,KingofDenmark,isdeadandhasbeensucce符等。

UnitHamletTheplayissetinElsinoreHamlet,KingofDenmark,isdeadandhasbeensucceeded,notbyhisson,Hamlet,butbyhisbrother,ClaudiusSoonafterthefuneral,Claudiusmarrieshisbrother'swidow,QueenGertrudeTheoldking'sghostappearstoanalreadydistraughtHamlettotellhimthathewasmurderedbyClaudiusTheGhostaskshissontorevengehisdeathHamletfeignsmadnessPolonius,theLordChamberlain,forbidshisdaughter,Ophelia,toseeHamlet,inpartbelievingthatthatHamlet'sunbalancedstateofmindistheresultofrepressedloveSpiedonbyPoloniusandClaudius,OpheliareturnsHamlet'slovelettersandisviolentlyrejectedbyhimAcompanyoftravellingplayersarrivesattheDanishCourtHamletasksthemtoperformaplay,TheMurderofGonzago,hopingthatitsplot,whichcloselyechoeswhattheGhosthastoldhimofhisownmurder,willforceClaudiustobetrayhisguiltHamlet'ssuspicionsareconfirmedAftertheplay,Hamletissummonedtohismother'schamber,whereherevilesherforherhastymarriageandaccidentallykillsPolonius,whomhesupposedwasClaudius,hidingbehindacurtainClaudiussendsHamlettoEngland,planningtohavehimmurderedLaertes,Polonius'son,returnstoDenmarkfromFrancedemandingrevengeforhisfather'sdeathOphelia,maddenedbygrief,drownsherselfHamletreturnsfromEnglandandconfrontsLaertesandClaudiusatOphelia'sfuneralClaudiusplotswithLaertestokillHamletinafencingmatchinwhichLaerteswillhaveapoisonedswordTheplotmiscarriesandLaertesdiesGertrudedrinksfromapoisonedcupintendedforHamletanddiesHamlet,woundedbythepoisonedsword,killsClaudiusbeforehe,too,diesYoungFortinbras,PrinceofNorwayentersandlaysclaimtothethroneofDenmarkHAMLET,PRINCEOFDENMARKSCENE:Elsinore,DenmarkACTIHamlet,PrinceofDenmark,isadvisedbythesentinelsoftheroyalcastleofKronborg,atElsinore,thatanapparitionstronglyresemblinghisdeadfatherhadappearedonthebattlementsHamletthereforeresolvestoencounterthespiritandlearnfromit,ifpossible,thetruecauseofhisfather'stakingoff,aboutwhichthePrincehashadmanysuspicionsHemeetstheGhostatitsnextnightlyvisitation,andinaninterviewwithithisworstfearsareconfirmedThelateKing'sbrotherClaudius,whohasascendedthethroneandweddedthewidowedQueen,hadpoisonedtheKingwhilehesleptHamletisenjoinedtosecrecyandrevenge,andtheGhostvanishesHamlet'sfollowersaresworntosaynothingoftheoccurrenceACTIIBecauseofthenewsandofthedreadtasktowhichheiscommissioned,Hamletisseizedwithaspeciesofmadness,perhapslargelyfeigned,wherebyhemaycloakhisdesignsHewritesincoherentandpassionateletterstohisladylove,Ophelia,daughterofPolonius,acourtdignitaryAtthisjunctureacompanyofstrollingplayersarrivesatthecastleandatHamlet'ssuggestionacertainplayisgivenbeforetheKingandQueenandmembersofthecourtACTIIITheplaydealswiththemurderofaVenetianduke,whosewifeafterwardswedsthemurdererThestorycloselyresemblesthecircumstancesoftheKingofDenmark'sdemiseDuringtheplayHamletisintentnotupontheplayersbutuponthecountenanceandactionsofhisuncleThelatter,asifstruckwitharealizingsenseofhisowncrime,asHamletsuspected,hurriedlyleavesHamletnolongerdoubtsthetruthoftheGhost'scommunications,andturnswithenergytoseekthevengeancewhichhehassworntoexecuteThequeenmotherisalsomuchdisturbedbythepurportoftheplay,andsendsforHamletinordertoupbraidhimHamletanswersreproachwithreproach,andleaveshismotheroverwhelmedwithshameandselfconvictedButfortheopportunearrivalofthedeadKing'sspirit,HamletmighthaveadoptedevenmoreviolentmeasuresOphelia'sfather,Polonius,whoisspyinguponthisinterview,isslainbyHamlet,whomistakeshimfortheKingACTIVHamlet'sbanishmentisdecideduponTwoformerschoolcomradesofhisareentrustedwithacommissiontoleavehiminEngland,wheresealedordersaretobringaboutthePrince'sdeathButbyacombinationofplotandaccidenttheexecutionisvisitedinsteadupontheheadsofthetwoaccomplicesHamletreturnstoDenmarkThereheisgreetedbyastrangespectaclethefuneralofayounggirl,honoredbythepresenceoftheKing,Queen,andpersonsofthecourtHamlethasinfactarrivedhomejustatthetimeofOphelia'sintermentThatunfortunatemaiden,throughincessantbroodingoverthemadnessofherlover,theuntimelyendofherfather,andthecontinuedabsenceofherbrother,Laertes,hadbecomeinsaneForsomedaysshehadwanderedaboutthecourtsingingandstrewingflowers,thenhadstrayedtothebanksofastreamandbeendrownedACTVWhenHamletdiscoversthatitisOphelia'sfuneral,heisbesidehimselfwithgriefHeleapsintothegraveandangrilycontestswithLaertes,whoalsohasjustreturned,theplaceofchiefmournerLaertesinturndesirestokillHamlet,forheregardsthePrinceasthecauseofallthewoesthathavefallenuponhishouseSeeingtheanimosityofLaertes,KingClaudiusthinkshemaymakeuseofittoworkHamlet'sundoingHesecretlyadvisesLaertestoengageHamletinafencingmatchsupposedlyfriendlyLaertes'foil,however,istobenakedandenvenomedHamlet,unsuspecting,consentstoatrialofskillbeforethecourtTheKingpreparesapoisoneddrinkforHamlet,ifperchanceheshallescapethetippedfoilLaertesandHamletfenceAfteratouchortwoforHamlet,theQueen,todohimhonor,toastshim,unwittingly,withthepoisonedcupLaerteswoundsHamletInthescuffletheychangerapiers,andHamletinturnwoundsLaerteswiththelatter'streacherousbladeTheQueendiesfromthedrugwhileLaertesfalls,butbeforehediesheconfesseshisguiltydesignandcravespardonofthePrinceHamletturnsupontheKingwithhisowndyingstrengthandstabstheusurpingmonarchtotheheart"Whatapieceofworkisman!hownobleinreason!howinfiniteinfaculty!informandmovinghowexpressandadmirable!inactionhowlikeanangel!inapprehensionhowlikeagod!thebeautyoftheworldtheparagonofanimals! (ActIIScII)人类是一件多么了不得的杰作!多么高贵的理性!多么伟大的力量!多么优美的仪表!多么文雅的举动!在行为上多么像一个天使!在智慧上多么像一个天神!宇宙的精华!万物的灵长!”AndthesefewpreceptsinthymemorySeethoucharacterGivethythoughtsnotongue,NoranyunproportionedthoughthisactBethoufamiliar,butbynomeansvulgarThosefriendsthouhast,andtheiradoptiontried,GrapplethemtothysoulwithhoopsofsteelButdonotdullthypalmwithentertainmentOfeachnewhatch'd,unfledgedcomradeBewareOfentrancetoaquarrel,butbeingin,Bear'tthattheopposedmaybewareoftheeGiveeverymanthyear,butfewthyvoiceTakeeachman'scensure,butreservethyjudgmentCostlythyhabitasthypursecanbuy,Butnotexpress'dinfancyrich,notgaudyFortheappareloftproclaimstheman,AndtheyinFranceofthebestrankandstationAreofamostselectandgenerouschiefinthatNeitheraborrower,noralenderbeForloanoftlosesbothitselfandfriend,AndborrowingdullstheedgeofhusbandryThisaboveall:tothineownselfbetrue,Anditmustfollow,asthenighttheday,Thoucanstnotthenbefalsetoanyman(ActI,SceneIII)还有几句教训希望你铭刻在记忆之中:不要想到什么就说什么凡事必须三思而行。对人要和气但不要过分狎昵。相知有素的朋友应该用钢圈箍在你的灵魂上可是不要对每一个泛泛的新知滥施你的交情。留心避免和人家争吵可是万一争端已起就应该让对方知道你不是可以轻侮的。倾听每一个人的意见可是只对极少数人发表你的意见接受每一个人的批评可是保留你的判断。尽你的财力购制贵重的衣服可是不要炫新立异必须富丽而不浮艳因为服装往往可以表现人格法国的名流要人就是在这一点上显得最高尚与众不同。不要向人告贷也不要借钱给别人因为债款放了出去往往不但丢了本钱而且还失去了朋友向人告贷的结果容易养成因循懒惰的习惯。尤其要紧的你必须对你自己忠实正像有了白昼才有黑夜一样对自己忠实才不会对别人欺诈。ACTVSCENEIAchurchyardHAMLETLetmeseeTakestheskullAlas,poorYorick!Iknewhim,Horatio:afellowofinfinitejest,ofmostexcellentfancy:hehathbornemeonhisbackathousandtimesandnow,howabhorredinmyimaginationitis!mygorgerimsatitHerehungthoselipsthatIhavekissedIknownothowoftWherebeyourgibesnowyourgambolsyoursongsyourflashesofmerriment,thatwerewonttosetthetableonaroarNotonenow,tomockyourowngrinningquitechapfallenNowgetyoutomylady'schamber,andtellher,letherpaintaninchthick,tothisfavourshemustcomemakeherlaughatthatPrithee,Horatio,tellmeonethingHORATIOWhat'sthat,mylordHAMLETDostthouthinkAlexanderlookedo'thisfashioni'theearthHORATIOE'ensoHAMLETAndsmeltsopah!PutsdowntheskullHORATIOE'enso,mylordHAMLETTowhatbaseuseswemayreturn,Horatio!WhymaynotimaginationtracethenobledustofAlexander,tillhefinditstoppingabungholeHORATIO'Tweretoconsidertoocuriously,toconsidersoHAMLETNo,faith,notajotbuttofollowhimthitherwithmodestyenough,andlikelihoodtoleadit:asthus:Alexanderdied,Alexanderwasburied,Alexanderreturnethintodustthedustisearthofearthwemakeloamandwhyofthatloam,wheretohewasconverted,mighttheynotstopabeerbarrelImperiousCaesar,deadandturn'dtoclay,Mightstopaholetokeepthewindaway:O,thatthatearth,whichkepttheworldinawe,Shouldpatchawalltoexpelthewinterflaw!Butsoft!butsoft!aside:herecomestheking哈姆莱特  让我看。(取骷髅)唉可怜的郁利克!霍拉旭我认识他他是一个最会开玩笑、非常富于想像力的家伙。他曾经把我负在肯上一千次现在我一想起来却忍不住胸头作恶。这儿本来有两片嘴唇我不知吻过它们多少次。现在你还会挖苦人吗?你还会蹦蹦跳跳逗人发笑吗?你还会唱歌吗?你还会随口编造一些笑话说得满座捧腹吗?你没有留下一个笑话讥笑你自己吗?这样垂头丧气了吗?现在你给我到小姐的闺房里去对她说凭她脸上的脂粉搽得一寸厚到后来总要变成这个样子的你用这样的话告诉她看她笑不笑吧。霍拉旭请你告诉我一件事情。  霍拉旭  什么事情殿下?  哈姆莱特  你想亚历山大在地下也是这副形状吗?  霍拉旭  也是这样。  哈姆莱特  也有同样的臭味吗?呸!(掷下骷髅。)  霍拉旭  也有同样的臭味殿下。  哈姆莱特  谁知道我们将来会变成一些什么下贱的东西霍拉旭!要是我们用想像推测下去谁知道亚历山大的高贵的尸体不就是塞在酒桶口上的泥土?  霍拉旭  那未免太想入非非了。  哈姆莱特  不一点不我们可以不作怪论、合情合理地推想他怎样会到那个地步比方说吧:亚历山大死了亚历山大埋葬了亚历山大化为尘土人们把尘土做成烂泥那么为什么亚历山大所变成的烂泥不会被人家拿来塞在啤酒桶的口上呢?      凯撒死了你尊严的尸体      也许变了泥把破墙填砌      啊!他从前是何等的英雄 现在只好替人挡雨遮风! 可是不要作声!不要作声!站开国王来了。UnitTheleagueofExtraordinaryGentlemenCaptainNemoTwentyThousandLeaguesUndertheSeaisaclassicsciencefictionnovelbyFrenchwriterJulesVernepublishedinIttellsthestoryofCaptainNemoandhissubmarineNautilusasseenfromtheperspectiveofProfessorPierreAronnaxPlotSummaryAsthestorybeginsin,amysteriousseamonster,theorizedbysometobeagiantnarwhal,issightedbyshipsofseveralnationsanoceanlinerisalsodamagedbythecreatureTheUnitedStatesgovernmentfinallyassemblesanexpeditioninNewYorkCitytotrackdownanddestroythemenaceProfessorPierreAronnax,anotedFrenchmarinebiologistandnarratorofthestory,whohappenstobeinNewYorkatthetimeandisarecognizedexpertinhisfield,isissuedalastminuteinvitationtojointheexpedition,andheacceptsCanadianmasterharpoonistNedLandandAronnax'sfaithfulassistantConseilarealsobroughtonboardTheexpeditionsetssailfromBrooklynaboardanavalshipcalledtheAbrahamLincoln,whichtravelsdownaroundthetipofSouthAmericaandintothePacificOceanAftermuchfruitlesssearching,themonsterisfound,andtheshipchargesintobattleDuringthefight,theship'ssteeringisdamaged,andthethreeprotagonistsarethrownoverboardTheyfindthemselvesstrandedonthe"hide"ofthecreature,onlytodiscovertotheirsurprisethatitisalargemetalconstructTheyarequicklycapturedandbroughtinsidethevessel,wheretheymeetitsenigmaticcreatorandcommander,CaptainNemo(anamemeaning"noone"inLatin)Therestofthestoryfollowstheadventuresoftheprotagonistsaboardthesubmarine,theNautilus,whichwasbuiltinsecrecyandnowroamstheseasfreeofanylandbasedgovernment(Asfurtherdiscussedbelow,thestorywaswrittendecadesbeforesubmarinesofsuchsizeandutilitybecameareality)CaptainNemo'smotivationisimpliedtobebothascientificthirstforknowledgeandadesireforrevengeon(andselfimposedexilefrom)civilizationCaptainNemoexplainsthatthesubmarineiselectricallypowered,andequippedtocarryoutcuttingedgemarinebiologyresearchhealsotellshisnewpassengersthatwhileheappreciateshavinganexpertsuchasAronnaxwithwhomtoconverse,theycanneverleavebecauseheisafraidtheywillbetrayhisexistencetotheworldAronnaxisenthralledbytheunderseavistasheisseeing,butLandconstantlyplotstoescapeTheirtravelstakethemtonumerouspointsintheworld'soceans,someofwhichwereknowntoJulesVernefromrealtravelers'descriptionsandguesses,whileothersarecompletelyfictionalThus,thetravelerswitnesstherealcoralsoftheRedSea,thewrecksofthebattleofVigoBay,theAntarcticiceshelves,andthefictionalsubmergedAtlantisThetravelersalsodondivingsuitstogoonunderseaexpeditionsawayfromtheship,wheretheyhuntsharksandothermarinelifewithspeciallydesignedgunsandhaveafuneralforacrewmemberwhodiedwhenanaccidentoccurredinsidetheNautilusWhentheNautilusreturnstotheAtlanticOcean,a"poulpe"(usuallytranslatedasagiantsquid,althoughtheFrench"poulpe"means"octopus")attacksthevesselanddevoursacrewmemberShortlyafterward,theyaretrackedandattackedbyamysteriousshipNemoignoresArronax'spleasforamnestyfortheboatandattacksNemoattackstheshipunderthewaterline,sendingittothebottomoftheoceanwithallcrewaboardasArronaxwatchesfromthesalonNemobowsbeforethepicturesofhiswifeandchildrenandisplungedintodeepdepressionafterthisencounter,and"voluntarilyorinvoluntarily"allowsthesubmarinetowanderintoanencounterwiththeMoskstraumen,morecommonlyknownasthe"Maelstrom",awhirlpooloffthecoastofNorwayThisgivesthethreeprisonersanopportunitytoescapetheymakeitbacktolandalive,butthefateofCaptainNemoandhiscrewisnotrevealedTheInvisibleManisasciencefictionnovellabyHGWellspublishedinTheInvisibleManofthetitleisGriffin,ascientistwhotheorizesthatifaperson'srefractiveindexischangedtoexactlythatofairandhisbodydoesnotabsorborreflectlight,thenhewillbeinvisibleHesuccessfullycarriesoutthisprocedureonhimself,butcannotbecomevisibleagain,becomingmentallyunstableasaresultPlotSummaryThebookstartsintheEnglishvillageofIpinginWestSussex,ascuriosityandfeararestartedupintheinhabitantswhenamysteriousstrangerarrivestostayatthelocalinn,TheCoachandHorsesThestrangerwearsalong,thickcoat,gloves,hisfaceishiddenentirelybybandages,largegoggles,andawidebrimmedhatThestrangerisextremelyreclusiveanddemandstobeleftalone,spendingmostofhistimeinhisroomworkingwithasetofchemicalsandlaboratoryapparatus,onlyventuringoutatnightHequicklybecomesthetalkofthevillageasheunnervesthelocalsMeanwhile,aseriesofmysteriousburglariesoccurinthevillageinwhichthevictimscatchnosightofthethiefOnemorningwhentheinnkeeperspassthestranger'sroom,theyenterincuriositywhentheynoticethestranger'sclothesarescatteredalloverthefloorbutthestrangerisnowheretobeseenThefurnitureseemstospringaliveandthebedclothesandachairleapintomidairandpushthemoutoftheroomLaterinthedayMrsHallconfrontsthestrangeraboutthis,andherevealsthatheisinvisible,removinghisbandagesandgogglestorevealnothingbeneathAsMrsHallfleesinhorror,thepoliceattempttocatchthestranger,buthethrowsoffallhisclothesandescapesTheInvisibleManfleestothedowns,wherehefrightensatramp,ThomasMarvel,withhisinvisibilityandforceshimtobecomehislabassistantTogetherwithMarvel,hereturnstothevillagewhereMarvelstealstheInvisibleMan'sbooksandapparatusfromtheinnwhiletheInvisibleManhimselfstealsthedoctor'sandvicar'sclothesButafterthetheft,MarvelattemptstobetraytheInvisibleMantothepolice,andtheInvisibleManchasesafterhim,threateningtokillhimMarvelfleestotheseasidetownofBurdockwherehetakesrefugeinaninnTheInvisibleManattemptstobreakinthroughthebackdoorbutheisoverheardandshotbyablackbeardedAmerican,andfleesthescenebadlyinjuredHeentersanearbyhousetotakerefugeanddresshiswoundThehouseturnsouttobelongtoDrKemp,whomtheInvisibleManrecognizes,andherevealstoKemphistrueidentityGriffin,abrilliantmedicalstudentwithwhomKempstudiedatuniversityMrGriffinexplainstoKempthatafterleavinguniversityhewasdesperatelypoorDeterminedtoachievesomethingofscientificsignificance,hebeganworkonanexperimenttomakepeopleandobjectsinvisible,usingmoneystolenfromhisownfather,whocommittedsuicideafterbeingrobbedbyhissonGriffinexperimentedwithaformulathatalteredtherefractiveindexofobjects,whichresultedinlightnotbendingwhenpassingthroughtheobject,therebymakingitinvisibleHeperformedtheexperimentusingacat,butwhenthecat'sowner,Griffin'sneighbor,realizedthecatwasmissing,shemadeacomplainttotheirlandlord,andGriffinwoundupperformingtheinvisibilityprocedureonhimselftohidefromthemGriffintheorizespartofthereasonhecanbeinvisiblestemsfromthefactheisalbino,mentioningthatfoodbecomesvisibleinhisstomachandremainssountildigested,withthebizarreimagepassingthroughairinthemeantimeAfterburningtheboardinghousedowntocoverhistracks,hefeltasenseofinvincibilityfrombeinginvisibleHowever,realitysoonprovedthatsensemisguidedAfterstrugglingtosurviveoutintheopen,hestolesomeclothingfromadingybackstreetshopandtookresidenceattheCoachHorsesinntoreversetheexperimentHethenexplainstoKempthathenowplanstobeginaReignofTerror(TheFirstYearoftheInvisibleMan),usinghisinvisibilitytoterrorizethenationwithKempashissecretconfederateRealizingthatGriffinisclearlyinsane,KemphasnoplanstohelphimandinsteadalertsthepoliceWhenthepolicearrive,GriffinviolentlyassaultsKempandapolicemanbeforeescaping,andthenextdayheleavesanoteonKemp'sdoorstepannouncingthatKempwillbethefirstmankilledintheReignofTerrorKempremainscoolandwritesanotetotheColonel,detailingaplantousehimselfasbaittotraptheInvisibleMan,butasamaidservantattemptstodeliverthenotesheisattackedbyGriffinandthenoteisstolenJustasthepoliceaccompanytheattackedmaidbacktothehouse,theInvisibleManbreaksinthroughthebackdoorandmakesforKempKeepinghisheadcool,Kempboltsfromthehouseandrunsdownthehilltothetownbelow,wherehealertsanavvythattheInvisibleManisapproachingThecrowdinthetown,witnessingthepursuit,rallyaroundKempWhenKempispinneddownbyGriffin,thenavvystrikeshimwithaspadeandknockshimtotheground,andheisviolentlyassaultedbytheworkersKempcallsforthemobtostop,butitistoolateTheInvisibleMandiesoftheinjurieshehasreceived,andhisnakedandbatteredbodyslowlybecomesvisibleonthegroundafterhediesLateritisrevealedthatMarvelhasGriffin'snotes,withtheinvisibilityformulawritteninamixofRussianandGreekwhichhecannotread,andwithsomepageswashedoutDrJekyllandMrHydeorTheStrangeCaseofDrJekyllandMrHydeisanovellawrittenbyRobertLouisStevensonandfirstpublishedintheyearItisaboutaLondonlawyerwhoinvestigatesstrangeoccurrencesbetweenhisoldfriend,DrH

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