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首页 常用化学手册

常用化学手册.pdf

常用化学手册

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2010-10-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《常用化学手册pdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

封面页书名页版权页前言页�目录页�化学元素(ChemicalElements)�元素周期律(PeriodicLawoftheElements)�周期律与周期表(PeriodicLawandPeriodicChart)�元素的分类(ClassificationoftheElements)�原子的电子构型(ElectronConfigurationofAtoms)�元素的化合价(ValenceoftheElements)�页面提取自-常用化学手册封面内封面版权页前言元素的性质(PropertiesoftheElements)�元素的性质表(TableofPropertiesoftheElements)�元素的溶解性(SolubilityoftheElements)�元素的电离势(IonizationPotentialsoftheElements)�原子的电子亲合势(AtomicElectronAffinities)�元素的电负性(ElectronegativitiesoftheElements)�元素的亚原子粒子(SubatomicParticlesoftheElements)�同位素(Isotopes)�天然同位素(NaturalIsotopes)�常见放射性同位素(RadioactiveIsotopes)�单质和同素异性体(SimpleSubstanceandAllotrope�单质(SimpleSubstance)�同素异性体(Allotrope)�元素的分布度(ElementAbundance)�化学元素中外文名称对照表(ChineseForeignLanguageMultiLingualTableofChemicalElements)�无机化合物(InorganicCompounds)�无机化合物的命名(NomenclatureofInorganicCompounds)�无机化合物的命名须知(NotesforNomenclatureofInorganicCompounds)�二元化合物(BinaryCompounds)�三元、四元等化合物(PolyatomicCompounds)�简单含氧酸和简单含氧酸盐(SimpleOxyacidsandSimpleOxyacidicSalts)�同多酸与同多酸盐、杂多酸与杂多酸盐(IsopolyacidsandIsopolyacidicSalts,HeteropolyacidsandHeteropolyacidicSalts)�加成化合物(AdditionCompounds)�硼化合物(BoronCompounds)�配位化合物(CoordinationCompounds)�无机化合物的物理常数(PhysicalConstantsofInorganicCompounds)�无机化合物的生成熟(HeatofFormationofInorganicCompounds)�矿物(Minerals)�常见无机化工产品的商品名称、化学名称、别名及俗名(CommodityName,ChemicalName,SynonymTrivialNameofCommonInorganicChemicalEngineeringProducts)�有机化合物(OrganicCompounds)�有机化合物的命名(NomenclatureofOrganicCompounds)�立体化学(Sterochemistry)�某些环的标记法(MarkingofSomeCycles)�有机根、基(NameofOrganicRadicalsandGroups)�有机化合物的系统命名原则(RuleforSystematicNomenclatureofOrganicCompounds)�某些有机酸盐类的名称(NamesofSomeOrganicSalts)�有机化合物的物理常数(PhysicalConstantsofOrganicCompounds)�有机溶剂(OrganicSolvents)�有机溶剂的主要常数(PrincipalConstantsofOrganicSolvents)�有机溶剂的蒸发速度(VaporizationVelocityofOrganicSolvents)�有机溶剂蒸气与空气混合物的爆炸界限(ExplosiveLimitsofMixtureofOrganicSolventVaporsandAir)�有机溶剂的蒸气在空气中的自燃温度(SelfIgnitionTemperatureofOrganicSolventVaporsinAir)�高分子化合物(Polymers)�高分子化合物的分类(ClassificationofPolymers)�合成高分子化合物的制备方法(PreparationofSyntheticpolymers)�一些合成高分子化合物(SomeSyntheticPolymers)�固体物质和液体物质的物理性质(PhysicalPropertiesofSolidsandLiquids)�密度(Density)�熔点(MeltingPoint)�沸点(BoilingPoint)�粘度(Viscosity)�表面张力(SurfaceTension)�硬度(Hardness)�折光率(RefractiveIndex)�比旋光(SpecificRotation)�介电常数(DielectricConstant)�参比液体的标准介电常数(StandardDielectricCnstantsofReferenceLiquids)�部分物质的介电常数(DielectricConstantsofSomeMaterials)�压缩系数与膨胀系数(CoefficientsofCompressionandExpansion)�液体的压缩系数(CompressionCoefficientsofLiquids)�线膨胀系数(CoefficientsofLinearExpansion)�体积膨胀系数(CoefficientsofCubicExpansion)�热导率(ThermalConductivity)�电阻率与电导率(ResistivityandConductivity)�熔化热与汽化热(HeatofFusionandVaporization)�比热容(SpecificHeatCapacity)�蒸汽压(VaporPressure)�气体(Gas)�气体的标准状况(TheStandardConditionofGas)�气体体积换算成标准状况(ReductionofGasVolumestotheStandardCondition)�气体的主要物理常数(PrincipalPhysicalConstantsofGases)�气体与蒸气的热导率(ThermalConductivityofGasesandVapors)�气体与蒸气的扩散(DiffusionofGasesandVapors)�气体与蒸气的粘度(ViscosityofGasesandVapors)�气体与蒸气的比热容(SpecificHeatCapacityofGasesandVapors)�气体在水中的溶解度(SolubilityofGasesinWater)�压缩气体和液化气(CompressedandLiquefiedGases)�气体的热膨胀(HeatExpansivityofGases)�可燃气体(FlammableGases)�空气(Air)�空气的物理常数(PhysicalConstantsofAir)�大气的组成(CompositionofAir)�在不同高度上的大气压力(AtmosphericPressureatDifferentAltitude)�空气的密度(DensityofAir)�干燥空气的密度(DensityofDryAir)�潮湿空气的密度(DensityofMoistAir)�室内潮湿空气的密度(DensityofMoistAirIndor)�空气的热导率(ThermalConductivityofAir)�空气的比热容(SpecificHeatCapacityofAir)�空气的湿度(HumidityofAir)�空气在水中的溶解度(SolubilityofAirinWater)�水(Water)�水的物理化学常数(Physical·ChemistryConstantsofWater)�水的离子积(IonProductofWater)�水的可压缩性(CompressibilityofWater)�水的蒸气压力(VaporPressureofWater)�水的粘度(ViscosityofWater)�水的表面张力(SurfaceTensionofWater)�水的折光率(RefractiveIndexofWater)�水的比热容(SpecificHeatCapacityofWater)�冰的蒸气压力(VaporPressureofIce)�在不同温度下水的密度和相对密度(DensityandRelativeDensityatVariousTemperature)�不同压力下水的沸点(BoilingPointofWateratVariousPressures)�极纯水的电导率(ConductivityofExtremelyPureWater)�水的硬度(HardnessofWater)�饮用水质量的基本要求(BasicRequirementsforQualityofDrinkingWater)�饮用天然矿泉水(NaturalMineralWaterforDrinking)�对排放水质量的要求(RequirementsfortheQualityofDrainedWater)�溶液(Solution)�溶液浓度的表示方法(SolutionConcentrationExpressions)�溶液浓度换算式(ConversionFormulasforConcentrationofSolutions)�盐类和有机物在水中的溶解度通性(SolubilityGeneralityofSaltsandOrganicSubstancesinWater)�溶解度程度的相比特性(ComparingCharacteristicofSolubilityLevel)�无机化合物的溶解度(SolubilityofInorganicCompounds)�无机化合物在水中的溶解度(SolubilityofInorganicCompoundsinWater)�无机化合物在有机溶剂中的溶解度(SolubilityofInorganicCompoundsinOrganicSolvents)�有机化合物的溶解度(SolubilityofOrganieCompounds)�常见有机化合物在水中的溶解度(SolubilityofCommonOrganicCompoundsinWater)�液体的互溶度(MutualSolubilityofLiquids)�溶度积(SolubilityProducts)�溶液的依数性(DependenceoftheSolution)�沸点升高常数(EbullioscopicConstants)�冰点降低常数(CryoscopicConstants)�水溶液的沸点(BoilingpointsofAqueousSolutions)�无机酸的水溶液(AqueousSolutionsofInorganicAcids)�盐和碱的水溶液(AqueousSolutionsofSaltsandAlkalies)�有机物的水溶液(AqueousSolutionsofOrganicSubstances)�共沸溶液的组成和沸点(ConstituentandBoilingPointsoftheAzeotropicMixtures)�水溶液的蒸气压(VaporPressureofAqueousSolutions)�水溶液的密度和浓度(DensityandConcentrationofAqueousSolutions)�无机物的水溶液(AqueousSolutionsoflnorganicSubstances)�有机物的水溶液(AqueousSolutionsofOrganicSubstances)�电化学知识(Electrochemistry)�电离度(DegreeofIonization)�离子活度(lonicActivity)�电解质的平均活度系数(MeanActivityCoefficentsofElectrolytes)�离子强度与平均活度系数(lonicStrengthandMeanActivityCoefficents)�溶液和液体的电导率(ElectricalConductivityofSolutionsandLiquids)�水溶液的电导率(ElectricalConductivityofAqueousSolutions)�离子电导率(IonicConductivity)�纯净液体的电导率(ConductivityofPureLiquids)�氧化还原标准电极电位(OxidationReductionNormalPotential)�金属的取代序(ReplacementSeriesofMetals)�水和重水的电离常数(IonizationConstantsofNormalandHeavyWater)�酸、碱的离解常数(DissociationConstantsofAcidsandBases)�配位化合物的不稳定常数(InstabilityConstantsofMetalComplexes)�电解化学(Electrolytics)�常用电极反应的过电位(OverpotentialsforCommonElectrodeReactions)�电解质水溶液的分解电压(DecompositionVoltageofElectrolyteAqueousSolutions)�电化当量(ElectrochemicalEquivalent)�金属防锈(RustProof)�不同金属相接时容许的组合(AllowableCombinationforConnectionofDifferentMetals)�常用金属的化学除锈(RustRemovalChemicallyforCommonMetals)�分析化学知识(AnalyticalChemistry)�酸碱指示剂(IndicatorsforAqueousAcidBaseTitrations)�氧化还原指示剂(RedoxIndicators)�吸附指示剂(AdsorptionIndicators)�荧光指示剂(FluorescentIndicators)�化学发光指示剂(ChemiluminescentIndicators)�软硬酸碱(HardandSoftAcidandBase,HSAB)�氨羧配合剂及其金属螯合物的稳定常数(AminocarboxylicComplexantsandFormationConstantsofMetalChelates)�缓冲溶液(BufferSolutions)�pH标准缓冲溶液(pHStandardBufferSolutions)�几种缓冲溶液的组成和pH值(CompositionandpHValuesofBufferSolutions)�沉淀金属氢氧化物pH值(PrecipitationpHValueofMetalHydroxide)�常用酸、氨水的密度和浓度(DensityandConcentrationofCommonAcidsandAmmoniaWater)�掩蔽剂和解蔽剂(MaskingAgentsandDemaskingAgents)�常用溶剂及熔剂的性质(PropertiesofCommonSolventsandFluxes)�人体相关化学(ChemistryCoucerningHumanBody)�人体生物材料的组成(CompositionofBiologicalMaterialsinHumanBody)�人体中化学元素的含量(ConcentrationofChemicalElementsinHumanBody�人体某些成分的正常参考值(NormalReferenceValuesforsomeCompositioninHumanBody)�人体血液的元素成分(ConcentrationofElementsinHumanBlood)�生化检验微量元素正常值(NormalValueforBiochemicalAnalysisofMicroelements)�人所需要的营养素和微量元素(NutrientsandTraceElementsDemandedbyHumanBeings)�食物成分(CompositionofFoods)�植物性食物(VegetableFoods)�动物性食物(AnimalFoods)�主要维生素的来源、功用和缺乏症(SourcesandFunctionsofVitamins,VitaminDeficiency)�食品中微量元素含量(ConcentrationofTraceEiementsinFoods)�食品胆固醇含量(ConcentrationofCholesterolinFoods)�若干工业产品(SomeIndustrialProducts)�煤(Coal)�决定煤类别的主要特征(PrincipalCharacteristicsDetermingCoalClassification)�我国煤炭的分类(ClassificationofChineseCoal)�煤的液化(LiquefactionofCoal)�煤焦油(CoalTar)�石油(Petroleum)�决定石油类别的主要特征(PrincipalCharacteristicsDetermingPetroleumClasses)�我国原油的一般性质(NormalPropertiesofChineseCrudeOil)�石油产品的馏分组成(CompositionofDistillatefromPetroleum)�页岩油的性质(PropertiesofShaleOil)�炼厂气的组成(CompositionsofRefineryGas)�轻柴油的组成与性质(PropertiesandCompositionsofLightDieselFuels)�石油产品中的环烷酸含量(ContentofCycloalkaneAcidinPetroleumProducts)�石油产品中的硫化物含量(ContentofSulfurCompoundsinPetroleumProducts)�天然气、人造煤气及石油液化气(NaturalGas,CoalGasandLiquefiedPetroleumGas)�天然气的组成(CompositionsofNaturalGas)�煤的气化(GasificationofCoal)�液化石油气分类(ClassificationofLiquefiedPetroleumGas)�城市燃气的分类(ClassificationofTownFuelGas)�常用金属及合金的成分和性质(ChemicalCompositionsandPropertiesofCommonMetalsandAlloys)�钢铁(Steel)�有色金属(NonferrousMetal)�硅酸盐制品(ProductsofSilicate)�水泥(Cement)�耐火泥与耐火砖(FireClayandFireBrick)�玻璃与陶瓷(GlassandCeramics)�硅胶(SillicaGel)�实验室技术(LaboratoryTechnlque)�分析实验室用水的规格及制备(SpecificationandPreparationofWaterfortheUseofAnalyticalLaboratory)�分析实验室用水规格(SpecificationofWaterfortheUseofAnalyticalLaboratory)�分析实验室用水的制备(PreparationofWaterfortheUseofAnalyticalLaboratory)�水质的检验(CheckofWaterQuality)�常用试剂的提纯(PurificationofCommonReagents)�一些特殊实验用品的制备(PreparationofSpecialTestSubstances)�玻璃器皿的洗涤及常用洗液配制(GlasswareCleaningaudPreparationofCleaningSolutions)�玻璃量器的校准(CalibrationofVolumetricGlasses)�玻璃量器的分类、等级及容量允差(Classification,GradeandTolerancesofVolumetricGlassWare)�玻璃量器的容量校准方法(CalibrationMethodofTolerancesforGlassMeasurer)�定量、可调移液器的校准(CalibtationofQuantitativePipettorsandAdjustablePipettors)�定量、可调移液器的容量允差及重复性(CapacityToleranccsandRepeatabilityforQuantitativePipettorsandAdjustablepipettors)�定量、可调移液器的容量校准(CalibrationofTolerancesforQuantitativepipettorsandAdjustablePipettors)�物体高温的估测(HighTemperatureEstimateforSubstances)�试验筛(TestSieves)�滤纸及玻璃滤器(FilterPaperandGlassFilter)�滤纸(FilterPaper)�玻璃滤器(GlassFilter)�致冷剂(Refrigerants)�干燥剂(DryingAgents)�气体吸收剂(GasAbsorbents)�粘合剂(Adbesive)�密封剂(Sealant)�常用加热浴(GeneralBathforHeating)�离子交换剂(IonExchanger)�表面活性剂(SurlaceActiveAgents)�安全须知(Safety)�危险化学品的分类(ClassificationofDangerousChemicalProducts)�易燃易爆物质(FlammableandExplosiveSubstances)�有毒物质与腐蚀性物质(PoisonousSubstancesandCorrosives)�放射性危险物(RadioactiveSubstances)�危险化学品的储存与保管(StorageofDangerousChemicals)�致癌物质(CarcinogenicSubstances)�急救(FirstAid)�由化学试剂造成的烧伤急救(FirstAidtoBurnbyChemicals)�中毒急救(FirstAidtoPoisoning)�车间空气中有害物质的最高容许浓度(TheHighestPermissibleConcentration(HPC)ofPoisonousSubstancesinAiratWorkplace)�计量单位(MeasurlngUnit)�国际单位制(SIUnits)�可与SI单位并用的我国法定计量单位(ChineseOfficialMeasuringUnitsbeingUsableWithSIUnitsSimultaneously)�化学中常用量和法定计量单位(CommonChemicalQuantitiesandOfficialUnitsofMeasurement)�重要的物理常数(ImportantPhysicalConstants)�常用缩写词(Abbreviation)�主要参考文献(Reference)�附录页�

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