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首页 Wordsworth版本-拜伦诗歌选(包括唐璜)

Wordsworth版本-拜伦诗歌选(包括唐璜).pdf

Wordsworth版本-拜伦诗歌选(包括唐璜)

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2010-10-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Wordsworth版本-拜伦诗歌选(包括唐璜)pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

WORDSWORTHPOETRYLIBRARYSelectedPoemsofLordByronIncludingDonJuanandOtherPoemsWithanIntroduction,BibliographyandGlossarybyDrPaulWright,TrinityCollege,Carmarthen'Imeantoshowthingsreallyastheyare,notastheyoughttobe'wroteByron()inhiscomicmasterpieceDonJuan,whichfollowstheadventuresoftheheroacrosstheEuropeandnearEastwhichByronknewsowell,touchingonthemajorpolitical,culturalandsocialconcernsofthedayThisselectionincludesallofthatpoem,andselectionsfromawiderangeofByron'swork,includinglyrics,theTales,extractsfromChildeHarold'sPilgrimage,andthesatiricalpoemsEnglishBardsandScotchReviewersandAVisionofJudgementPaulWright'sdetailedintroductionsplaceByron'scolourfullifeandworkwithintheirbroader:socialandpoliticalcontexts,anddemonstratethatByronbothfosteredandcritiquedthenotorious'Byronicmyth'ofheroicadventure,politicalactionandsexualscandalvisitourwebsiteatwwwwordswortheditionscomWORDSWORTHPOETRYLIBRARYSelectedPoemsofLordByronincludingDonJuanotherpoemsIntroductions,Bibliography,NotesandGlossarybyPAULWRIGHTWordsworthPoetryLibraryReaderswhoareinterestedinothertitlesfromWordsworthEditionsareinvitedtovisitourwebsiteatwwwwordswortheditionscomForourlatestlistandafullmailorderservicecontactBibliophileBooks,SThomasRoad,LondonEBNTel:Fax:Email:ordersbibliophilebookscomFirstpublishedinbyWordsworthEditionsLimitedBEastStreet,Ware,HertfordshireSGHJResetwithadditionalmaterialinISBNText©WordsworthEditionsLimited,IntroductionsandNotes©PaulWrightWordsworth®isaregisteredtrademarkofWordsworthEditionsLimitedAllrightsreservedThispublicationmaynotbereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystemortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,withoutthepriorpermissionofthepublishersTypesetinGreatBritainbyAntonyGrayPrintedbyClaysLtd,StIvespicContentsGeneralIntroductionCHILDEHAROLD'SPILGRIMAGE:DONJUANIntroductiontoChildeHarold'sPilgrimageviimdD�JMnChildeHarold'sPilgrimageextractsNotestoextractsfromChildeHarold'sPilgrimageDonJuanthecompletetextNotestoDonJuanTALESIntroductiontotheTalesTheGiaourNotestoTheGaiourTheCorsairNotestoTheCorsairSATIRESIntroductiontotheSatiresEnglishBardsandScotchReviewersNotestoEnglishBardsandScotchReviewersTheVisionofJudgementNotestoTheVisionofJudgmentLYRICSANDSHORTERPOEMSIntroductiontotheLyricsandShorterPoemsToCaroline(l)ToCaroline()ToCaroline()lachinYGairDarknessToThyrzaTheCornelianWhenWeTwoPartedWrittenAfterSwimmingfromSestostoAbydosOnthisDayICompletemyThirtySixthYearNotestotheLyricsandShorterPoemsGlossaryIndexoffirstlinesGeneralIntroductionTheappearanceoftheantiheroofascandalousnovelpublishedinisdescribedthus:Itwasoneofthosefaceswhich,havingoncebeheld,weneveroftentimesforgetItseemedasifthesoulofpassionhadbeenstainedandprintedoneveryfeatureTheeyebeamedintolifeasitthrewupitsdarkardentgaze,withalookofreadyinspiration,whiletheproudcurloftheupperlipexpressedhaughtinessandbittercontemptyet,evenmixedwiththesefiercecharacteristicfeelings,anairofmelancholyanddejectionshadedandsoftenedeveryharshexpressionSuchacountenancespoketotheheartThenovelisGlenarvon*Itseponymouscentralcharacter,whoturnsouttellinglytohaveatleasttwoidentities,isbothaseducermurdererandpoliticalradicalItsauthorwasLadyCarolineLamb,wifeofthemanwhowastobecomeLordMelbourne,andoneofQueenVictoria'sprimepinistersShewasalsoforatimeoneofByron'smanyloversThatByronshouldhaveenjoyedsuchanaffairrevealssomethingofhiscelebritystatusatthetime:astheenigmaticallyattractivetwenty­eightyearoldauthorofbestsellingpoetryheoccupiedapositionnotdissimilartothatofamodempopstarYet,theverygroundsofthiscelebrity,rootedinsexualscandalandgossip,explainhisuneasyrelationshipwithwhatwouldbecomeVictorianrespectabilityTheportraititselfisapictureofByronashewasperceivedbyhis*Lamb,:ForfulldetailsofthisandallotherreferencesturntotheBibliographyattheendofthisIntroductionByron'sLettersandJournalswillbecitedbyvolumeandpagenumberMcGann'seditionofthepoetryasCPWquotationsfrompoemsbyinitials,canto,verseandlinenumberwhereappropriatecriticalandothermaterialwillbegivenbysurname,ifnecessarydateandvolume,andpagenumber,inparenthesisafterthequotationviiiLORDBYRONcontemporariesitisapicturehedidmuchtocultivateIndeed,itstillhauntsourownunderstandingofRomanticism,theEuropeanmovementaroundtheturnofthenineteenthcenturywhichByronperhapsmorethananyothersingleindividualcametoepitomiseInitsconcentrationon'passion','feeling'and'inspiration'itcapturestheRomanticinsistenceonsubjectiveengagementwiththeworldyetinits'melancholyanddejection'ithighlightsthepossibility,alwayspresentwithinRomanticism,thatsuchengagementmightfail,onapoliticalaswellasapersonallevelMostofall,itsuggeststhattheRomanticembodiesthisdilemmadirectlyforhisaudiencewith'acountenance'thatspeaks'totheheart',whilst,paradoxically,cultivating'haughtinessandbittercontempt'forthatveryaudienceAsFrancesWilsonremindsussuchapictureis'notByronhim­selfbuthismyth'(Wilson,,p)ThismythisverypowerfulItis,asByronhimselfrecognised,tosomeextentthesubjectmatterofthepoems,fromtheselfconsciousearlylyrics,tothelooselybio­graphicaltravelsofChildeHaroldandDonJuan,tothepersonallymotivatedsatireofEnglishBardsandScotchReviewersandTheVisionofJudgementItresonatesthroughoutthenineteenthcenturyin,forexample,thefigureofthevampirefirstwrittenaboutbyByron'sowndoctor,Polidori,madefamousbyBramStoker'sDraculaandstillwithusinBuffytheVampireSlayerAnditcanbetracedinthesexuallychargedantiherofoundasmuchinpopculturefigures,suchasJamesDean,MickJaggerandKurtCobain,asinthebroodingprotagonistsofthenineteenthcenturynovel,likeHeathcliffandMrRochesterHowever,asalways,themanandtheworkareratherdifferentGeorgeGordonByronwasborninLondonintheyearbeforetheFrenchRevolution,thedatefromwhichtheRomanticperioditselfisoftensaidtohavestartedHismother,Catherine,wasaScottishheiress,andhespentthefirsttenyearsofhislifeinAberdeen,roamingtheverycountrysidethatwastobecomerepresentativelyRomanticintheworksofWalterScottandothersThroughouthislifehewouldenjoythekindofdistancefromanessentiallyEnglishmetropolitanestablishmentgrantedhimintheseearlyyears,whilst,echOingtheGlenarvonparadox,seekingtobeatitsverycentreHefeltfurthermarginalisedbyanaccidentofbirththatlefthimwithaclub,ordeformed,footandaconstantneedtoprovehimselfinphysicalactivity,notablyboxingandswimminganeedexploredinINTRODUCTIONixmanyofhispoeticinventionsHewasalsoimbuedwithakindofPresbyterianmorality,asenseofbeingtormentedbyremorse,a'wloewithoutname,orhope,orend'(G),whichmightbesaidtobecharacteristicofboththemanandthemythInasequenceofeventsworthyofoneofhisowntales,Byron'sinitialprospectswerecompromisedinthathisfatherCaptainJohnC'MadJack')Byron,whohadonlymarriedhismotherforherfortune,abandonedherassoonashehadspentitHediedinFranceinThreeyearslaterByron'scousin,theheirtothetitleofByron,waskilledbyacanonball,andintheincumbentfifthLordByron(the'wickedlord')died,unexpectedlyleavingByronthetitle,thecrumblinggothicseatofNewsteadAbbeyinNottinghamshire,andmanydebtsThehouseprovidessomethingofamodelforNormanAbbeyintheEnglishcantosofDonJuan,whichexploreByron'sownambivalenceatbecomingpartofalandedEnglisharistocracyFittingly,inagedthirteen,ByronwenttothepublicschoolHarrow,andbeganthe'deliberateselffashioning'(Elledge,p)thatwouldtransformhimintothesocietyfigurebydevelopinganinterestinthetheatreandinpublicspeakingHischosentextsforspeechdays,thevillainousZangatheMoorfromEdwardYoung'sRevenge()andLearontheheath,forexample,suggestaninterestinthepersonafullycapturedinCarolineLamb'sportraitAsiflivinguptotheroleofthesneeringmedievallord,hewouldgoontokeepabearinhisroomsatCambridgeYet,hecouldbeequallycriticaloftheneedtoharkbacktosomeimaginedfeudalpast,somuchapartofRomanticismThebearepisodealonemightalsobesaidtoepitomisetheplayfulness,thewilfulchallengeoftheconventionsofutilitarianandbourgeoisvaluesfromwhichmanynineteenthcenturynormswerederived,whichcharacterisessomuchofByron'swritingHefamouslydismissedthesevalues,whichhesawasessentiallyhypo­critical,inaletterwrittenin:'ThetruthisthatinthesedaysthegrandprimummobileprimemoverofEnglandiscantcantpolitical,cantpoetical,cantreligious,cantmoral'(:)ByronbeganwritingseriouslywhilstatCambridgeinthough,unlikemanyofhiscontemporaries,heoftenfeltthatwritingcouldneverreallybetheseriousundertakingofagentlemanandamanofactionmanque:'Whowouldwritewhohadanythingbettertodo'(:)heonceonlyhalfjokinglyaskedHisfirsteffortswereprivatelycirculatedHepublishedHoursofIdlenessinNegativecriticalxLORDBYRONresponsetothisanearlyindication,forhimatleast,of'cantpoetical'inthepowerfuljournalTheEdinburghReviewoccasionedhisfirstsustainedsatireEnglishBardsandScotchReviewersin,whichwashisfirstpopularsuccessgoingthroughfoureditionsItisconsideredatgreaterlength,alongwithsomeofByron'sothersatiricalwork,laterinthisvolumeSoonafterthepublicationofEnglishBards,Byronturnedtwenty­oneandtookhisseatintheHouseofLordsMuchhasbeenwrittenaboutByron'spolitics*Here,itcanonlybenotedthathelivedthroughtheperiodofrevolutionaryhopesuggestedbytheFrenchRevolutiontheNapoleonicWars,andtheoppressiveregimesestab­lishedthroughoutEuropeaftertheCongressofVienna()andthestirringsofpopularrebellioninthes,notleastinGreece,whoserulebyTurkeywastacitlyacceptedbytheEuropeanpowersManyoftheseeventsaretouchedondirectlyinhislongnarrativepoems,ChideHarold'sPilgrimageandDonJuan,which,again,areconsideredatgreaterlengthlaterIndeed,muchofhispoetrycanbeseenasJeromeMcGannseesTheCorsair(),as'partlyasymbolicformationofthepoliticalsituationoftheday,asByronsawit,withitscontestbetweentheequivocalforcesofrevoltandtheestablishedpowersoftheoldandcorruptorder'(CPW,p)ByroncouldcertainlytakepartinthiscontestonwhatmightbeseenastheliberalsideHismajorspeechesasanactualpoliticiantookthesideofwhatmightbeseenas'theforcesofrevolt':hespokeinsupportofoppressedworkers,atatimewhentheyhadnopoliticalpower,andagainstantiCatholicdiscriminationHecouldlookhopefullytowardstheendofwhathecalled'theKingtimes'(:)Yet,againrememberingthecomplexitiesofGlenarvonthepoliticalactivistandselfservingcynichecouldalsodeclare:'Bornanaristocratwiththegreaterpartofmypropertyingovernmentfunds,whathaveItogainbyarevolution'(:)Tosomeextent,ofcourse,whilstholdingitupassomekindofideal,oratleastthebestofpossibleworlds(seeDJ),ByronsimplygotboredwiththeBritishparliamentarysystemashedidwithmuchelseAsbefittinga'born'aristocrat,shortlyafterenteringtheLordsfor*ForcompetingviewsofByron'spoliticscompareKelsall,whoarguesthatByronwastosomeextentadisillusionedliberal,withFoot,whoseeshimasretainingstrongconnectionstocausesofpoliticalreformthroughouthislifeINTRODUCTIONxithefirsttime,ByronleftEnglandtogoonthethencustomaryGrandTourBetweenandhetookinSpain,Malta,GreeceandTurkeyHetravelled,astheprivilegedclasseshaddoneintheeighteenthcentury,aspartofaneducationHealsotravelledasaRomantic,enjoyinginparticularwhatheimaginedwasthesimplelifeoftheNobleSavagewhathecalledthe'brute'(:)andthesolitarywanderercommuningwithnatureandtheexoticSomethingofthisiscaptured,forexample,inhisdescriptionofVenice:VenicepleasesmeasmuchasIexpectedandIexpectedmuch­itisoneofthoseplaceswhichIknowbeforeIseethemandhasalwayshauntedmethemostaftertheEastIlikethegloomygaietyofthegondolasandthesilenceofthecanals:LikealleducatedtravellersheknewwhattoexpectashisreadinghadequippedhimwithcertainassumptionsabouttheculturecentresofEuropeandbeyondAsabroodingRomantichecouldalsoenjoy'thesilenceofthecanals',ashecouldthedecayofmanyofthesesitesandtheexoticappealof'theEast'beyondYethisdualperspectiveallowedhimtoironisebothofthesepositions,particularlyinhisnarrativevoiceIndeed,itisironymorethananythingwhatLillianFurstcalls'thetensionbetweenspontaneityandselfconsciousness'(Furst,p)whichmightbesaidtocharacterisetheByronicvoiceHistravelsprovidedByronwithmuchoftherawmaterialforChildeHarold,thefirsttwocantosofwhichwerepublishedonhisreturntoEnglandinlItwasthispoemandtheversetales,TheGiaour(),TheCorsair()andothers,whichsecuredByron'sfameItisinhispopularityasmuchashispersonalitythatByroncanbeseenasanticipatingthemodempopstar:fortherestofhislifeheremainednotonlyabestseller,whennarrativeverseinparticularwasaformofpopularentertainment,butregularlyoutsoldthecombinedeffortsofthenexthalfdozenpoets,bothaliveanddead(Harvey,p)Suchfame,ofcourse,gavehimentrytothekindofsocialworldthathecriticised,andyettowhichhewasverymuchdrawn,notleastforthesexualopportunitiesofferedForfouryearshewasatthecentreofsocial,theatricalandliterarycirclesinfashionableLondonInByronmarriedAnneIsabellaMilbankewhomovedinthesefashionablecirclesCapturinghisambivalencetowardsthefragilerespectabilitythatshecametorepresent,hecalledher'thatvirtuousmonster'(:)SheborehimadaughterwhowastoinheritherxiiLORDBYRONinterestinmathsbutthemarriagefounderedonrumoursofByron'sinfidelities,hisbisexuality,andapossibleincestuousaffairwithhishalfsisterAugustaLeighmanyrumours,againasifplayinguptotheGlenarvonrole,encouragedbyByronhimselfTheserumoursfuelledapublicscandal,anexampleofthekindofcantByronsoughttotargetandhewasforced,likeoneofhisheroes,tofleeEngland,nevertoreturn,inAprilHetooktotravellingaroundEuropeoncemore,anditwasagainasanoutsiderthatByroncouldwriteInSwitzerlandhemetShelley'thebestandleastselfishmanIeverknew'(:)andhiscirclehehadanaffairandachildwithShelley'ssisterinlaw,ClaireClairmontandhecontinuedtowritematerialwhichwasstillpopularlyreceivedathomeWhentheShelleysreturnedtoEnglandin,ByrontookresponsibilityforhisdaughterandmovedtoVeniceItalyprovedmoreofahomeByronhadalwaysbeeninfluencedbyitsliterature,fromtheclassicalworkshestudiedasaschoolboy,toDanteandPulciUnderthisinfluence,hebeganDonJuanandproducedmanydramaticworksPolitically,Italy'semerging,ifultimatelyunsuccessful,freedommovementagainsttheruleoftheAustriansreceivedhissupportEncapsulatinghisownpeculiarsenseofhowfreedomwasboundupwithasenseofnationhoodderivedfromculturaltraditions,sustainednotleastinpoetry,hewrote:Itisnogreatmatter,supposingthatItalycouldbeliberated,whoorwhatissacrificedItisagrandobjecttheverypoetryofpoliticsOnlythinkafreeItaly!:HewasalsoattractedbythemorerelaxedattitudetosexualrelationsInVenice,andlaterRavenna,hebeganalastingrelation­shipwiththemarriedTeresa,CountessofGuiccioliFromItalytoohekeptupaquarrelwiththeprevailingpoetsoftheday,whichhadbeguninEnglishBardsItisyetanotherparadoxthatdespitebeinginmanywaystypicallyRomantic,ByronhimselfvaluedtheneoclassicalpoetryoftheeighteenthcenturyandparticularlyPopeabovesomuchofthatproducedbyhiscontemporaries(:)ThisdislikewasfuelledbythebeliefthatkeyRomanticfigures,WordsworthandthePoetLaureate,Southey'thevainestandmostintolerantofmen'(:)hadrejectedtheonceradicalpositionwhichByronbelievedhesharedwiththemItculminatedinthewritingofthesatiricalAVisionofJudgement()INTRODUCTIONxiiiThefailureoftheItalianfreedommovementledByrontotumhisattentiontoGreece'sstruggleforindependenceGreecehadalwaysrepresentedforhimthemostextremecaseofanoppressednation,and,perhapsmoreimportantly,apeoplewhohadlostcontactwiththeirownculturalheritage,representedforByronintheveryneo­classicalvalueshesoughttodefendAsalways,heexpressedanambivalencetowardstheGreeksandhisowppoliticalidealism(forexample,:,,,andnotleastinpassagesinCantosTwoandThreeofDJ)but,equally,heworkedtirelesslyforthecauseInJulyhearmedashipandsailedforGreeceSuchwashisfamethattherewererumoursthathemightevenbemadekingofafreeGreeceHowever,inMissolonghiinApril,preparinghistroopsforanattackontheTurks,Byrondied,notinanheroicaction,butfromrheumaticfevercaughtinadownpourThiswasthekindofironythatwouldnotbelostonhimConsideringmortalityinDonJuan,Byronwrote:andsoourlifeexhales,Alittlebreath,love,wine,ambition,fame,Fighting,devotion,dustperhapsanameDJ:Hemightalsohavebeenamusedthatittookanotherhundredandfiftyyearsafterthelife,whichreflectedmanyofthesepriorities,'exhaledl'forhimtobeacceptedbytheestablishmentHewasgrantedaplaqueinWestminsterAbbeyinTheestablishmentofhisdayrefusedtoburyhimthereDespitethisrejection,somethingthathefeltcolouredhiscolourfullife,hecouldnotbedeniedaname

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Wordsworth版本-拜伦诗歌选(包括唐璜)

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