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首页 BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].Heidi

BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].Heidi.pdf

BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].Heidi

nanibao
2010-09-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].Heidipdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

HEIDIGIFTEDITIONHEIDIBYJOHANNASPYRITRANSLATEDBYELISABETHPSTORKWITHANINTRODUCTIONBYCHARLESWHARTONSTORK,AM,PHDILLUSTRATIONSINCOLORBYMARIALKIRKGIFTEDITIONPHILADELPHIAANDLONDONJBLIPPINCOTTCOMPANYINTRODUCTIONUnassuminginplotandstyle,"Heidi"maynonethelesslayclaimtorankasaworldclassicInthefirstplace,bothbackgroundandcharactersringtrueTheairoftheAlpsiswaftedtousineverypagethehouseamongthepines,themeadows,andtheeaglepoisedabovethenakedrocksformapicturethatnoonecouldwillinglyforgetAndthepeople,fromthekindlytownsfolktothequaintandtouchingpeasanttypes,areasrealasanyrepresentationofhumannatureneedbeEverygoateven,hasitspersonalityAsforthelittleheroine,sheisablessingnotonlytoeveryoneinthestory,buttoeveryonewhoreadsitThenarrativemeritsofthebookaretooapparenttocallforcommentAstotheauthor,JohannaSpyri,shehassoentirelylostherselfinhercreationthatwemaypassoverhercareerratherrapidlyShewasborninSwitzerlandin,cameofaliteraryfamily,anddevotedallhertalenttothewritingofbooksforandaboutchildrenSince"Heidi"hasbeensooftentranslatedintoEnglishitmaywellbeaskedwhythereisanyneedforanewversionTheanswerliespartlyintheconventionalcharacteroftheprevioustranslationsNow,ifthereisanyqualityin"Heidi"thatgivesitaparticularcharm,thatqualityisfreshness,absolutespontaneityTobesure,thestoryissoattractivethatitcouldneverbewhollyspoiledbuthasnotthereadertherighttoenjoyitinEnglishatleastverynearlyasmuchashecouldinGermanThetwolanguagesaresodifferentinnaturethatanythinglikealiteralrenderingofoneintotheotherissuretoresultinawkwardnessandindirectnessSuchabookmustbenottranslated,butrelivedandrecreatedToperformsuchafeatthewritermust,tobeginwith,befamiliarwiththemountains,andabletoappreciatewithWordsworthThesilencethatisinthestarrysky,ThesleepthatisamongthelonelyhillsThetranslatorofthepresentversionwasbornandrearedinaregioncloselysimilartothatofthestoryHerhomewasoriginallyinthepicturesquetownofSalzburg,andherfather,FranzvonPausinger,wasoneofthegreatestlandscapepaintersofhiscountryandgenerationAnotherequallyimportantrequisiteisknowledgeofchildrenIthappensthatthistranslatorhasadaughterjusttheageoftheheroine,whomoreoverlovestodressinTyrolesecostumeTotranslate"Heidi"wasforherthereforealaboroflove,whichmeansthatthelovecontendedwithandovercamethelaborTheEnglishstyleofthepresentversionis,then,distinctiveIthasoftenbeennoticedthatthosewhoacquireaforeignlanguageoftenlearntospeakitwithunusualclearnessandpurityForillustrationweneedgonofurtherthanJosephConrad,aPole,probablythegreatestmasterofnarrativeEnglishwritingtodayortoourownfellowcitizenCarlSchurzInthepresentcase,thewriterhaslivedsevenyearsinAmericaandhasstrengthenedanexcellenttrainingwithawidereadingofthebestEnglishclassicsManypeoplesaythattheyreadwithoutnoticingtheauthor'sstyleThisisseldomquitetrueunconsciouslyeveryoneisimpressedinsomewayorotherbythestyleofeverybook,orbyitslackofstyleChildrenareparticularlysensitiveinthisrespectandshould,therefore,asmuchasispracticable,readonlythebestInthenewtranslationof"Heidi"hereofferedtothepublicIbelievethatmostreaderswillnoticeanespecialflavor,thatveryqualityofdelightinmountainscenes,inmountainpeopleandinchildlifegenerally,whichisoneofthechiefmeritsoftheGermanoriginalThephrasinghasalsobeencarefullyadaptedtothepurposeofreadingaloudathingthatfewtranslatorsthinkofInconclusion,theauthor,realisingthedifferencebetweenthetwolanguages,hasendeavoredtowritethestoryafresh,asJohannaSpyriwouldhavewrittenithadEnglishbeenhernativetongueHowsuccessfultheattempthasbeenthereaderwilljudgeCHARLESWHARTONSTORKAssistantProfessorofEnglishattheUniversityofPennsylvaniaEbdEBooksDirectorycomCONTENTSPARTIHEIDI'SYEARSOFLEARNINGANDTRAVELCHAPTERIGOINGUPTOTHEALMUNCLEIIWITHTHEGRANDFATHERIIIONTHEPASTUREIVINTHEGRANDMOTHER'SHUTVTWOVISITORSVIANEWCHAPTERWITHNEWTHINGSVIIMISSROTTENMEIERHASANUNCOMFORTABLEDAYVIIIGREATDISTURBANCESINTHESESEMANNHOUSEIXTHEMASTEROFTHEHOUSEHEARSOFSTRANGEDOINGSXAGRANDMAMAXIHEIDIGAINSINSOMERESPECTSANDLOSESINOTHERSXIITHESESEMANNHOUSEISHAUNTEDXIIIUPTHEALPONASUMMEREVENINGXIVONSUNDAYWHENTHECHURCHBELLSRINGPARTIIHEIDIMAKESUSEOFHEREXPERIENCEXVPREPARATIONSFORAJOURNEYXVIAGUESTONTHEALPXVIIRETALIATIONXVIIIWINTERINTHEVILLAGEXIXWINTERSTILLCONTINUESXXNEWSFROMDISTANTFRIENDSXXIONFURTHEREVENTSONTHEALPXXIISOMETHINGUNEXPECTEDHAPPENSXXIIIPARTINGTOMEETAGAINEbdEBooksDirectorycomPartIHeidi'sYearsofLearningandTravelEbdEBooksDirectorycomHEIDIIToCGOINGUPTOTHEALMUNCLEhelittleoldtownofMayenfeldischarminglysituatedFromitafootpathleadsthroughgreen,wellwoodedstretchestothefootoftheheightswhichlookdownimposinglyuponthevalleyWherethefootpathbeginstogosteeplyandabruptlyuptheAlps,theheath,withitsshortgrassandpungentherbage,atoncesendsoutitssoftperfumetomeetthewayfarerOnebrightsunnymorninginJune,atall,vigorousmaidenofthemountainregionclimbedupthenarrowpath,leadingalittlegirlbythehandTheyoungster'scheekswereinsuchaglowthatitshowedeventhroughhersunbrownedskinSmallwonderthough!forinspiteoftheheat,thelittleone,whowasscarcelyfiveyearsold,wasbundledupasifshehadtobraveabitterfrostHershapewasdifficulttodistinguish,forsheworetwodresses,ifnotthree,andaroundhershouldersalargeredcottonshawlWithherfeetencasedinheavyhobnailedboots,thishotandshapelesslittlepersontoiledupthemountainThepairhadbeenclimbingforaboutanhourwhentheyreachedahamlethalfwayupthegreatmountainnamedtheAlmThishamletwascalled"ImDörfli"or"TheLittleVillage"Itwastheeldergirl'shometown,andthereforeshewasgreetedfromnearlyeveryhousepeoplecalledtoherfromwindowsanddoors,andveryoftenfromtheroadBut,answeringquestionsandcallsasshewentby,thegirldidnotloiteronherwayandonlystoodstillwhenshereachedtheendofthehamletThereafewcottageslayscatteredabout,fromthefurthestofwhichavoicecalledouttoherthroughanopendoor:"Deta,pleasewaitonemoment!Iamcomingwithyou,ifyouaregoingfurtherup"Whenthegirlstoodstilltowait,thechildinstantlyletgoherhandandpromptlysatdownontheground"Areyoutired,Heidi"Detaaskedthechild"No,buthot,"shereplied"Weshallbeupinanhour,ifyoutakebigstepsandclimbwithallyourlittlemight!"ThustheeldergirltriedtoencouragehersmallcompanionAstout,pleasantlookingwomansteppedoutofthehouseandjoinedthetwoThechildhadrisenandwanderedbehindtheoldacquaintances,whoimmediatelystartedgossipingabouttheirfriendsintheneighborhoodandthepeopleofthehamletgenerally"Whereareyoutakingthechild,Deta"askedthenewcomer"Isshethechildyoursisterleft""Yes,"Detaassuredher"IamtakingheruptotheAlmUncleandthereIwanthertoremain""Youcan'treallymeantotakeherthereDetaYoumusthavelostyoursenses,togotohimIamsuretheoldmanwillshowyouthedoorandwon'tevenlistentowhatyousay""WhynotAshe'shergrandfather,itishightimeheshoulddosomethingforthechildIhavetakencareofheruntilthissummerandnowagoodplacehasbeenofferedtomeThechildshallnothindermefromacceptingit,Itellyouthat!""Itwouldnotbesohard,ifhewerelikeothermortalsButyouknowhimyourselfHowcouldhelookafterachild,especiallysuchalittleoneShe'llnevergetalongwithhim,Iamsureofthat!Buttellmeofyourprospects""IamgoingtoasplendidhouseinFrankfurtLastsummersomepeoplewentofftothebathsandItookcareoftheirroomsAstheygottolikeme,theywantedtotakemealong,butIcouldnotleaveTheyhavecomebacknowandhavepersuadedmetogowiththem""IamgladIamnotthechild!"exclaimedBarbarawithashudder"Nobodyknowsanythingabouttheoldman'slifeupthereHedoesn'tspeaktoalivingsoul,andfromoneyear'sendtotheotherhekeepsawayfromchurchPeoplegetoutofhiswaywhenheappearsonceinatwelvemonthdownhereamongusWeallfearhimandheisreallyjustlikeaheathenoranoldIndian,withthosethickgreyeyebrowsandthathugeuncannybeardWhenhewandersalongtheroadwithhistwistedstickweareallafraidtomeethimalone""Thatisnotmyfault,"saidDetastubbornly"Hewon'tdoheranyharmandifheshould,heisresponsible,notI""IwishIknewwhatweighsontheoldman'sconscienceWhyarehiseyessofierceandwhydoesheliveupthereallaloneNobodyeverseeshimandwehearmanystrangethingsabouthimDidn'tyoursistertellyouanything,Deta""Ofcourseshedid,butIshallholdmytongueHewouldmakemepayforitifIdidn't"BarbarahadlongbeenanxioustoknowsomethingabouttheolduncleandwhyhelivedapartfromeverybodyNobodyhadagoodwordforhim,andwhenpeopletalkedabouthim,theydidnotspeakopenlybutasiftheywereafraidShecouldnotevenexplaintoherselfwhyhewascalledtheAlmUncleHecouldnotpossiblybetheuncleofallthepeopleinthevillage,butsinceeverybodyspokeofhimso,shedidthesameBarbara,whohadonlylivedinthevillagesincehermarriage,wasgladtogetsomeinformationfromherfriendDetahadbeenbredthere,butsincehermother'sdeathhadgoneawaytoearnherlivelihoodSheconfidentiallyseizedDeta'sarmandsaid:"Iwishyouwouldtellmethetruthabouthim,DetayouknowitallpeopleonlygossipTellme,whathashappenedtotheoldmantoturneverybodyagainsthimsoDidhealwayshatehisfellowcreatures""Icannottellyouwhetherhealwaysdid,andthatforaverygoodreasonHebeingsixtyyearsold,andIonlytwentysix,youcan'texpectmetogiveyouanaccountofhisearlyyouthButifyou'llpromisetokeepittoyourselfandnotsetallthepeopleinPrätiggantalking,IcantellyouagooddealMymotherandhebothcamefromDomleschg""Howcanyoutalklikethat,Deta"repliedBarbarainanoffendedtone"PeopledonotgossipmuchinPrätiggan,andIalwayscankeepthingstomyself,ifIhavetoYouwon'trepentofhavingtoldme,Iassureyou!""Allright,butkeepyourword!"saidDetawarninglyThenshelookedaroundtoseethatthechildwasnotsoclosetothemastooverhearwhatmightbesaidbutthelittlegirlwasnowheretobeseenWhilethetwoyoungwomenhadtalkedatsucharate,theyhadnotnoticedherabsencequiteawhilemusthaveelapsedsincethelittlegirlhadgivenupfollowinghercompanionsDeta,standingstill,lookedabouthereverywhere,butnoonewasonthepath,whichexceptforafewcurveswasvisibleasfardownasthevillage"Theresheis!Can'tyouseeherthere"exclaimedBarbara,pointingtoaspotagooddistancefromthepath"SheisclimbingupwiththegoatherdPeterandhisgoatsIwonderwhyheissolatetodayImustsay,itsuitsuswellenoughhecanlookafterthechildwhileyoutellmeeverythingwithoutbeinginterrupted""ItwillbeveryeasyforPetertowatchher,"remarkedDeta"sheisbrightforherfiveyearsandkeepshereyeswideopenIhaveoftennoticedthatandIamgladforher,foritwillbeusefulwiththeuncleHehasnothingleftinthewholewideworld,buthiscottageandtwogoats!""Didheoncehavemore"askedBarbara"IshouldsaysoHewasheirtoalargefarminDomleschgButsettinguptoplaythefinegentleman,hesoonlosteverythingwithdrinkandplayHisparentsdiedwithgriefandhehimselfdisappearedfromthesepartsAftermanyyearshecamebackwithahalfgrownboy,hisson,Tobias,thatwashisname,becameacarpenterandturnedouttobeaquiet,steadyfellowManystrangerumorswentroundabouttheuncleandIthinkthatwaswhyheleftDomleschgforDörfliWeacknowledgedrelationship,mymother'sgrandmotherbeingacousinofhisWecalledhimuncle,andbecausewearerelatedonmyfather'ssidetonearlyallthepeopleinthehamlettheytooallcalledhimuncleHewasnamed'AlmUncle'whenhemoveduptotheAlm""ButwhathappenedtoTobias"askedBarbaraeagerly"JustwaitHowcanItellyoueverythingatonce"exclaimedDeta"TobiaswasanapprenticeinMels,andwhenhewasmademaster,hecamehometothevillageandmarriedmysisterAdelheidTheyalwayshadbeenfondofeachotherandtheylivedveryhappilyasmanandwifeButtheirjoywasshortTwoyearsafterwards,whenTobiaswashelpingtobuildahouse,abeamfellonhimandkilledhimAdelheidwasthrownintoaviolentfeverwithgriefandfright,andneverrecoveredfromitShehadneverbeenstrongandhadoftensufferedfromqueerspells,whenwedidnotknowwhethershewasawakeorasleepOnlyafewweeksafterTobias'sdeaththeyburiedpoorAdelheid"PeoplesaidthatheavenhadpunishedtheuncleforhismisdeedsAfterthedeathofhissonheneverspoketoalivingsoulSuddenlyhemoveduptotheAlp,tolivethereatenmitywithGodandman"MymotherandItookAdelheid'slittleyearoldbaby,Heidi,tolivewithusWhenIwenttoRagatzItookherwithmebutinthespringthefamilywhoseworkIhaddonelastyearcamefromFrankfurtandresolvedtotakemetotheirtownhouseIamverygladtogetsuchagoodposition""AndnowyouwanttohandoverthechildtothisterribleoldmanIreallywonderhowyoucandoit,Deta!"saidBarbarawithreproachinhervoice"ItseemstomeIhavereallydoneenoughforthechildIdonotknowwhereelsetotakeher,assheistooyoungtocomewithmetoFrankfurtBytheway,Barbara,whereareyougoingWearehalfwayuptheAlmalready"DetashookhandswithhercompanionandstoodstillwhileBarbaraapproachedthetiny,darkbrownmountainhut,whichlayinahollowafewstepsawayfromthepathSituatedhalfwayuptheAlm,thecottagewasluckilyprotectedfromthemightywindsHaditbeenexposedtothetempests,itwouldhavebeenadoubtfulhabitationinthestateofdecayitwasinEvenasitwas,thedoorsandwindowsrattledandtheoldraftersshookwhenthesouthwindsweptthemountainsideIfthehuthadstoodontheAlmtop,thewindwouldhaveblownitdownthevalleywithoutmuchadowhenthestormseasoncameHerelivedPeterthegoatherd,aboyelevenyearsold,whodailyfetchedthegoatsfromthevillageanddrovethemupthemountaintotheshortandlusciousgrassesofthepasturesPeterraceddownintheeveningwiththelightfootedlittlegoatsWhenhewhistledsharplythroughhisfingers,everyownerwouldcomeandgethisorhergoatTheseownersweremostlysmallboysandgirlsand,asthegoatswerefriendly,theydidnotfearthemThatwastheonlytimePeterspentwithotherchildren,therestofthedaytheanimalswerehissolecompanionsAthomelivedhismotherandanoldblindgrandmother,butheonlyspentenoughtimeinthehuttoswallowhisbreadandmilkforbreakfastandthesamerepastforsupperAfterthathesoughthisbedtosleepHealwaysleftearlyinthemorningandatnighthecamehomelate,sothathecouldbewithhisfriendsaslongaspossibleHisfatherhadmetwithanaccidentsomeyearsagohealsohadbeencalledPeterthegoatherdHismother,whosenamewasBrigida,wascalled"GoatherdPeter'swife"andhisblindgrandmotherwascalledbyyoungandoldfrommanymilesaboutjust"grandmother"DetawaitedabouttenminutestoseeifthechildrenwerecomingupbehindwiththegoatsAsshecouldnotfindthemanywhere,sheclimbedupalittlehighertogetabetterviewdownthevalleyfromthere,andpeeredfromsidetosidewithmarksofgreatimpatienceonhercountenanceThechildreninthemeantimewereascendingslowlyinazigzagway,PeteralwaysknowingwheretofindallsortsofgoodgrazingplacesforhisgoatswheretheycouldnibbleThustheystrayedfromsidetosideThepoorlittlegirlhadfollowedtheboyonlywiththegreatesteffortandshewaspantinginherheavyclothesShewassohotanduncomfortablethatsheonlyclimbedbyexertingallherstrengthShedidnotsayanythingbutlookedenviouslyatPeter,whojumpedaboutsoeasilyinhislighttrousersandbarefeetSheenviedevenmorethegoatsthatclimbedoverbushes,stones,andsteepinclineswiththeirslenderlegsSuddenlysittingdownonthegroundthechildswiftlytookoffhershoesandstockingsGettingupsheundidtheheavyshawlandthetwolittledressesOutsheslippedwithoutmoreadoandstoodupinonlyalightpetticoatInsheerdelightattherelief,shethrewupherdimpledarms,thatwerebareuptohershortsleevesTosavethetroubleofcarryingthem,heraunthaddressedherinherSundayclothesoverherworkdaygarmentsHeidiarrangedherdressesneatlyinaheapandjoinedPeterandthegoatsShewasnowaslightfootedasanyofthemWhenPeter,whohadnotpaidmuchattention,sawhersuddenlyinherlightattire,hegrinnedLookingback,hesawthelittleheapofdressesonthegroundandthenhegrinnedyetmore,tillhismouthseemedtoreachfromeartoearbuthesaidneverawordThechild,feelingfreeandcomfortable,startedtoconversewithPeter,andhehadtoanswermanyquestionsSheaskedhimhowmanygoatshehad,andwhereheledthem,whathedidwiththemwhenhegotthere,andsoforthSHEUNDIDTHEHEAVYSHAWLANDTHETWOLITTLEDRESSESAtlastthechildrenreachedthesummitinfrontofthehutWhenDetasawthelittlepartyofclimbersshecriedoutshrilly:"Heidi,whathaveyoudoneWhatasightyouare!WhereareyourdressesandyourshawlArethenewshoesgonethatIjustboughtforyou,andthenewstockingsthatImademyselfWherearetheyall,Heidi"Thechildquietlypointeddownandsaid"There"Theauntfollowedthedirectionofherfingeranddescriedalittleheapwithasmallreddotinthemiddle,whichsherecognizedastheshawl"Unluckychild!"Detasaidexcitedly"WhatdoesallthismeanWhyhaveyoutakenyourthingsalloff""BecauseIdonotneedthem,"saidthechild,notseemingintheleastrepentantofherdeed"Howcanyoubesostupid,HeidiHaveyoulostyourse

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