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首页 BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].EugenieGrandet.pdf

BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].EugenieGrandet.pdf

BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].EugenieGra…

上传者: nanibao 2010-09-23 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《BBC:100部英国人最喜欢的文学作品].EugenieGrandetpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含EugenieGrandetbyHonoredeBalzacTranslatedbyKatharinePrescottWormeleyPrepare符等。

EugenieGrandetbyHonoredeBalzacTranslatedbyKatharinePrescottWormeleyPreparedandPublishedby:EbdEBooksDirectorycomDEDICATIONToMariaMayyourname,thatofonewhoseportraitisthenoblestornamentofthiswork,lieonitsopeningpageslikeabranchofsacredbox,takenfromanunknowntree,butsanctifiedbyreligion,andkepteverfreshandgreenbypioushandstoblessthehouseDeBalzacEbdEBooksDirectorycomEUGENIEGRANDETITherearehousesincertainprovincialtownswhoseaspectinspiresmelancholy,akintothatcalledforthbysombrecloisters,drearymoorlands,orthedesolationofruinsWithinthesehousesthereis,perhaps,thesilenceofthecloister,thebarrennessofmoors,theskeletonofruinslifeandmovementaresostagnanttherethatastrangermightthinkthemuninhabited,wereitnotthatheencounterssuddenlythepale,coldglanceofamotionlessperson,whosehalfmonasticfacepeersbeyondthewindowcasingatthesoundofanunaccustomedstepSuchelementsofsadnessformedthephysiognomy,asitwere,ofadwellinghouseinSaumurwhichstandsattheendofthesteepstreetleadingtothechateauintheupperpartofthetownThisstreetnowlittlefrequented,hotinsummer,coldinwinter,darkincertainsectionsisremarkablefortheresonanceofitslittlepebblypavement,alwayscleananddry,forthenarrownessofitstortuousroadway,forthepeacefulstillnessofitshouses,whichbelongtotheOldtownandareovertoppedbytherampartsHousesthreecenturiesoldarestillsolid,thoughbuiltofwood,andtheirdiversaspectsaddtotheoriginalitywhichcommendsthisportionofSaumurtotheattentionofartistsandantiquariesItisdifficulttopassthesehouseswithoutadmiringtheenormousoakenbeams,theirendscarvedintofantasticfigures,whichcrownwithablackbasreliefthelowerfloorofmostofthemInoneplacethesetransversetimbersarecoveredwithslateandmarkabluishlinealongthefrailwallofadwellingcoveredbyaroofencolombagewhichbendsbeneaththeweightofyears,andwhoserottingshinglesaretwistedbythealternateactionofsunandrainInanotherplaceblackened,wornoutwindowsills,withdelicatesculpturesnowscarcelydiscernible,seemtooweaktobearthebrownclaypotsfromwhichspringstheheart'seaseortherosebushofsomepoorworkingwomanFartheronaredoorsstuddedwithenormousnails,wherethegeniusofourforefathershastraceddomestichieroglyphics,ofwhichthemeaningisnowlostforeverHereaProtestantattestedhisbeliefthereaLeaguercursedHenryIVelsewheresomebourgeoishascarvedtheinsigniaofhisnoblessedecloches,symbolsofhislongforgottenmagisterialgloryThewholehistoryofFranceisthereNexttoatotteringhousewithroughlyplasteredwalls,whereanartisanenshrineshistools,risesthemansionofacountrygentleman,onthestonearchofwhichabovethedoorvestigesofarmorialbearingsmaystillbeseen,batteredbythemanyrevolutionsthathaveshakenFrancesinceInthishillystreetthegroundfloorsofthemerchantsareneithershopsnorwarehousesloversoftheMiddleAgeswillherefindtheouvrouereofourforefathersinallitsnaivesimplicityTheselowrooms,whichhavenoshopfrontage,noshowwindows,infactnoglassatall,aredeepanddarkandwithoutinteriororexteriordecorationTheirdoorsopenintwoparts,eachroughlyironboundtheupperhalfisfastenedbackwithintheroom,thelowerhalf,fittedwithaspringbell,swingscontinuallytoandfroAirandlightreachthedampdenwithin,eitherthroughtheupperhalfofthedoor,orthroughanopenspacebetweentheceilingandalowfrontwall,breasthigh,whichisclosedbysolidshuttersthataretakendowneverymorning,putupeveryevening,andheldinplacebyheavyironbarsThiswallservesasacounterforthemerchandiseNodelusivedisplayisthereonlysamplesofthebusiness,whateveritmaychancetobe,such,forinstance,asthreeorfourtubsfullofcodfishandsalt,afewbundlesofsailcloth,cordage,copperwirehangingfromthejoistsabove,ironhoopsforcasksrangedalongthewall,orafewpiecesofclothupontheshelvesEnterAneatgirl,glowingwithyouth,wearingawhitekerchief,herarmsredandbare,dropsherknittingandcallsherfatherorhermother,oneofwhomcomesforwardandsellsyouwhatyouwant,phlegmatically,civilly,orarrogantly,accordingtohisorherindividualcharacter,whetheritbeamatteroftwosous'ortwentythousandfrancs'worthofmerchandiseYoumayseeacooper,forinstance,sittinginhisdoorwayandtwirlinghisthumbsashetalkswithaneighborToallappearanceheownsnothingmorethanafewmiserableboatribsandtwoorthreebundlesoflathsbutbelowintheporthisteemingwoodyardsuppliesallthecooperagetradeofAnjouHeknowstoaplankhowmanycasksareneededifthevintageisgoodAhotseasonmakeshimrich,arainyseasonruinshiminasinglemorningpuncheonsworthelevenfrancshavebeenknowntodroptosixInthiscountry,asinTouraine,atmosphericvicissitudescontrolcommerciallifeWinegrowers,proprietors,woodmerchants,coopers,innkeepers,mariners,allkeepwatchofthesunTheytremblewhentheygotobedlesttheyshouldhearinthemorningofafrostinthenighttheydreadrain,wind,drought,andwantwater,heat,andcloudstosuittheirfancyAperpetualduelgoesonbetweentheheavensandtheirterrestrialinterestsThebarometersmooths,saddens,ormakesmerrytheircountenances,turnandturnaboutFromendtoendofthisstreet,formerlytheGrand'RuedeSaumur,thewords:"Here'sgoldenweather,"arepassedfromdoortodoororeachmancallstohisneighbor:"Itrainslouis,"knowingwellwhatasunbeamortheopportunerainfallisbringinghimOnSaturdaysaftermidday,inthefineseason,notonesou'sworthofmerchandisecanbeboughtfromtheseworthytradersEachhashisvineyard,hisenclosureoffields,andallspendtwodaysinthecountryThisbeingforeseen,andpurchases,sales,andprofitsprovidedfor,themerchantshavetenortwelvehourstospendinpartiesofpleasure,inmakingobservations,incriticisms,andincontinualspyingAhousewifecannotbuyapartridgewithouttheneighborsaskingthehusbandifitwerecookedtoaturnAyounggirlneverputsherheadnearawindowthatsheisnotseenbyidlinggroupsinthestreetConsciencesareheldinthelightandthehouses,dark,silent,impenetrableastheyseem,hidenomysteriesLifeisalmostwhollyintheopenaireveryhouseholdsitsatitsownthreshold,breakfasts,dines,andquarrelsthereNoonecanpassalongthestreetwithoutbeingexaminedinfactformerly,whenastrangerenteredaprovincialtownhewasbanteredandmadegameoffromdoortodoorFromthiscamemanygoodstories,andthenicknamecopieux,whichwasappliedtotheinhabitantsofAngers,whoexcelledinsuchurbansarcasmsTheancientmansionsoftheoldtownofSaumurareatthetopofthishillystreet,andwereformerlyoccupiedbythenobilityoftheneighborhoodThemelancholydwellingwheretheeventsofthefollowinghistorytookplaceisoneofthesemansions,venerablerelicsofacenturyinwhichmenandthingsborethecharacteristicsofsimplicitywhichFrenchmannersandcustomsarelosingdaybydayFollowthewindingsofthepicturesquethoroughfare,whoseirregularitiesawakenrecollectionsthatplungethemindmechanicallyintoreverie,andyouwillseeasomewhatdarkrecess,inthecentreofwhichishiddenthedoorofthehouseofMonsieurGrandetItisimpossibletounderstandtheforceofthisprovincialexpressionthehouseofMonsieurGrandetwithoutgivingthebiographyofMonsieurGrandethimselfMonsieurGrandetenjoyedareputationinSaumurwhosecausesandeffectscanneverbefullyunderstoodbythosewhohavenot,atonetimeoranother,livedintheprovincesInMonsieurGrandetstillcalledbycertainpersonslePereGrandet,thoughthenumberofsucholdpersonshasperceptiblydiminishedwasamastercooper,abletoread,write,andcipherAttheperiodwhentheFrenchRepublicofferedforsalethechurchpropertyinthearrondissementofSaumur,thecooper,thenfortyyearsofage,hadjustmarriedthedaughterofarichwoodmerchantSuppliedwiththereadymoneyofhisownfortuneandhiswife'sdot,inallabouttwothousandlouisd'or,Grandetwenttothenewlyestablished"district,"where,withthehelpoftwohundreddoublelouisgivenbyhisfatherinlawtothesurlyrepublicanwhopresidedoverthesalesofthenationaldomain,heobtainedforasong,legallyifnotlegitimately,oneofthefinestvineyardsinthearrondissement,anoldabbey,andseveralfarmsTheinhabitantsofSaumurweresolittlerevolutionarythattheythoughtPereGrandetaboldman,arepublican,andapatriotwithamindopentoallthenewideasthoughinpointoffactitwasopenonlytovineyardsHewasappointedamemberoftheadministrationofSaumur,andhispacificinfluencemadeitselffeltpoliticallyandcommerciallyPolitically,heprotectedthecidevantnobles,andprevented,totheextentofhispower,thesaleofthelandsandpropertyoftheemigrescommercially,hefurnishedtheRepublicanarmieswithtwoorthreethousandpuncheonsofwhitewine,andtookhispayinsplendidfieldsbelongingtoacommunityofwomenwhoselandshadbeenreservedforthelastlotUndertheConsulateGrandetbecamemayor,governedwisely,andharvestedstillbetterpickingsUndertheEmpirehewascalledMonsieurGrandetNapoleon,however,didnotlikerepublicans,andsupersededMonsieurGrandet(whowassupposedtohavewornthePhrygiancap)byamanofhisownsurroundings,afuturebaronoftheEmpireMonsieurGrandetquittedofficewithoutregretHehadconstructedintheinterestsofthetowncertainfineroadswhichledtohisownpropertyhishouseandlands,veryadvantageouslyassessed,paidmoderatetaxesandsincetheregistrationofhisvariousestates,thevineyards,thankstohisconstantcare,hadbecomethe"headofthecountry,"alocaltermusedtodenotethosethatproducedthefinestqualityofwineHemighthaveaskedforthecrossoftheLegionofhonorThiseventoccurredinMonsieurGrandetwasthenfiftysevenyearsofage,hiswifethirtysix,andanonlydaughter,thefruitoftheirlegitimatelove,wastenyearsoldMonsieurGrandet,whomProvidencenodoubtdesiredtocompensateforthelossofhismunicipalhonors,inheritedthreefortunesinthecourseofthisyear,thatofMadamedelaGaudiniere,borndelaBertelliere,themotherofMadameGrandetthatofoldMonsieurdelaBertelliere,hergrandfatherand,lastly,thatofMadameGentillet,hergrandmotheronthemother'sside:threeinheritances,whoseamountwasnotknowntoanyoneTheavariceofthedeceasedpersonswassokeenthatforalongtimetheyhadhoardedtheirmoneyforthepleasureofsecretlylookingatitOldMonsieurdelaBertellierecalledaninvestmentanextravagance,andthoughthegotbetterinterestfromthesightofhisgoldthanfromtheprofitsofusuryTheinhabitantsofSaumurconsequentlyestimatedhissavingsaccordingto"therevenuesofthesun'swealth,"astheysaidMonsieurGrandetthusobtainedthatmoderntitleofnobilitywhichourmaniaforequalitycanneverruboutHebecamethemostimposingpersonageinthearrondissementHeworkedahundredacresofvineyard,whichinfruitfulyearsyieldedsevenoreighthundredhogsheadsofwineHeownedthirteenfarms,anoldabbey,whosewindowsandarcheshehadwalledupforthesakeofeconomy,ameasurewhichpreservedthem,alsoahundredandtwentysevenacresofmeadowland,wherethreethousandpoplars,plantedin,grewandflourishedandfinally,thehouseinwhichhelivedSuchwashisvisibleestateastohisotherproperty,onlytwopersonscouldgiveevenavagueguessatitsvalue:onewasMonsieurCruchot,anotaryemployedintheusuriousinvestmentsofMonsieurGrandettheotherwasMonsieurdesGrassins,therichestbankerinSaumur,inwhoseprofitsGrandethadacertaincovenantedandsecretshareAlthougholdCruchotandMonsieurdesGrassinswerebothgiftedwiththedeepdiscretionwhichwealthandtrustbegetintheprovinces,theypubliclytestifiedsomuchrespecttoMonsieurGrandetthatobserversestimatedtheamountofhispropertybytheobsequiousattentionwhichtheybestoweduponhimInallSaumurtherewasnoonenotpersuadedthatMonsieurGrandethadaprivatetreasure,somehidingplacefulloflouis,wherehenightlytookineffabledelightingazingupongreatmassesofgoldAvariciouspeoplegatheredproofofthiswhentheylookedattheeyesofthegoodman,towhichtheyellowmetalseemedtohaveconveyeditstintsTheglanceofamanaccustomedtodrawenormousinterestfromhiscapitalacquires,likethatofthelibertine,thegambler,orthesycophant,certainindefinablehabits,furtive,eager,mysteriousmovements,whichneverescapethenoticeofhiscoreligionistsThissecretlanguageisinacertainwaythefreemasonryofthepassionsMonsieurGrandetinspiredtherespectfulesteemduetoonewhoowednomananything,who,skilfulcooperandexperiencedwinegrowerthathewas,guessedwiththeprecisionofanastronomerwhetherheoughttomanufactureathousandpuncheonsforhisvintage,oronlyfivehundred,whoneverfailedinanyspeculation,andalwayshadcasksforsalewhencaskswereworthmorethanthecommoditythatfilledthem,whocouldstorehiswholevintageinhiscellarsandbidehistimetoputthepuncheonsonthemarketattwohundredfrancs,whenthelittleproprietorshadbeenforcedtoselltheirsforfivelouisHisfamousvintageof,judiciouslystoredandslowlydisposedof,broughthiminmorethantwohundredandfortythousandfrancsFinanciallyspeaking,MonsieurGrandetwassomethingbetweenatigerandaboaconstrictorHecouldcrouchandlielow,watchhispreyalongwhile,springuponit,openhisjaws,swallowamassoflouis,andthenresttranquillylikeasnakeinprocessofdigestion,impassible,methodical,andcoldNoonesawhimpasswithoutafeelingofadmirationmingledwithrespectandfearhadnoteverymaninSaumurfelttherendingofthosepolishedsteelclawsForthisone,MaitreCruchothadprocuredthemoneyrequiredforthepurchaseofadomain,butatelevenpercentForthatone,MonsieurdesGrassinsdiscountedbillsofexchange,butatafrightfuldeductionofinterestFewdayseverpassedthatMonsieurGrandet'snamewasnotmentionedeitherinthemarketsorinsocialconversationsattheeveninggatheringsTosomethefortuneoftheoldwinegrowerwasanobjectofpatrioticprideMorethanonemerchant,morethanoneinnkeeper,saidtostrangerswithacertaincomplacency:"Monsieur,wehavetwoorthreemillionaireestablishmentsbutasforMonsieurGrandet,hedoesnothimselfknowhowmuchheisworth"InthebestreckonersinSaumurestimatedthelandedpropertyoftheworthymanatnearlyfourmillionsbutas,onanaverage,hehadmadeyearly,fromto,ahundredthousandfrancsoutofthatproperty,itwasfairtopresumethathepossessedinactualmoneyasumnearlyequaltothevalueofhisestateSothatwhen,afteragameofbostonoraneveningdiscussiononthematterofvines,thetalkfelluponMonsieurGrandet,knowingpeoplesaid:"LePereGrandetlePereGrandetmusthaveatleastfiveorsixmillions""YouareclevererthanIamIhaveneverbeenabletofindouttheamount,"answeredMonsieurCruchotorMonsieurdesGrassins,wheneitherchancedtooverheartheremarkIfsomeParisianmentionedRothschildorMonsieurLafitte,thepeopleofSaumuraskedifhewereasrichasMonsieurGrandetWhentheParisian,withasmile,tossedthemadisdainfulaffirmative,theylookedateachotherandshooktheirheadswithanincredulousairSolargeafortunecoveredwithagoldenmantlealltheactionsofthismanIfinearlydayssomepeculiaritiesofhislifegaveoccasionforlaughterorridicule,laughterandridiculehadlongsincediedawayHisleastimportantactionshadtheauthorityofresultsrepeatedlyshownHisspeech,hisclothing,hisgestures,theblinkingofhiseyes,werelawtothecountryside,whereeveryone,afterstudyinghimasanaturaliststudiestheresultofinstinctintheloweranimals,hadcometounderstandthedeepmutewisdomofhisslightestactions"Itwillbeahardwinter,"saidone"PereGrandethasputonhisfurgloves""PereGrandetisbuyingquantitiesofstavestherewillbeplentyofwinethisyear"MonsieurGrandetneverboughteitherbreadormeatHisfarmerssuppliedhimweeklywithasufficiencyofcapons,chickens,eggs,butter,andhistitheofwheatHeownedamillandthetenantwasbound,overandabovehisrent,totakeacertainquantityofgrainandreturnhimtheflourandbranLaGrandeNanon,hisonlyservant,thoughshewasnolongeryoung,bakedthebreadofthehouseholdherselfeverySaturdayMonsieurGrandetarrangedwithkitchengardenerswhowerehistenantstosupplyhimwithvegetablesAstofruits,hegatheredsuchquantitiesthathesoldthegreaterpartinthemarketHisfirewoodwascutfromhisownhedgerowsortakenfromthehalfrottenoldshedswhichhebuiltatthecornersofhisfields,andwhoseplanksthefarmerscartedintotownforhim,allcutup,andobliginglystackedinhiswoodhouse,receivinginreturnhisthanksHisonlyknownexpenditureswerefortheconsecratedbread,theclothingofhiswifeanddaughter,thehireoftheirchairsinchurch,thewagesoflaGrandNanon,thetinningofthesaucepans,lights,taxes,repairsonhisbuildings,andthecostsofhisvariousindustriesHehadsixhundredacresofwoodland,latelypurchased,whichheinducedaneighbor'skeepertowatch,underthepromiseofanindemnityAftertheacquisitionofthispropertyheategameforthefirsttimeMonsieurGrandet'smannerswereverysimpleHespokelittleHeusuallyexpressedhismeaningbyshortsententiousphrasesutteredinasoftvoiceAftertheRevolution,theepochatwhichhefirstcameintonotice,thegoodmanstutteredinawearisomewayassoonashewasrequiredtospeakatlengthortomaintainanargumentThisstammering,theincoherenceofhislanguage,thefluxofwordsinwhichhedrownedhisthought,hisapparentlackoflogic,attributedtodefectsofeducation,wereinrealityassumed,andwillbesufficientlyexplainedbycertaineventsinthefollowinghistoryFoursentences,preciseasalgebraicformulas,sufficedhimusuallytograspandsolvealldifficultiesoflifeandcommerce:"Idon'tknowIcannotIwillnotIwillseeaboutit"Heneversaidyes,orno,andnevercommittedhimselftowritingIfpeopletalkedtohimhelistenedcoldly,holdinghischininhisrighthandandrestinghisrightelbowinthebackofhislefthand,forminginhisownmindopinionsonallmatters,fromwhichhe

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